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Full text of "Collections of the Georgia Historical Society"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/collectionsofgeo51sava 



collectio:n^s 



Georgia Historical Society, 



Vol. V. Part 1. 



1. — Proceedings of the First Provincial Congress of Georgia, 1775. 
2. — Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety, 1775 to 1777. 
3. — Account of the Siege of Savannah, 1779, from a British Source. 



Published by tlie Savauuali Chapter of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution as 
a Coiitributioti to Georgia History : : : : : 



SAVANNAH, GA.: 

BRAID & HUTTON, PRINTERS AND BINDERS, 
1901. 



/ 



PREFACE 



The Georgia Historical Society has in its possession 
several manuscript historical documents of great value, 
which for the lack of means have never been published. 
It is true that these papers have been accessible to the 
historians of our State; still, much of their worth has 
been lost in their present form. 

Recognizing the value of the information contained in 
these papers, and the good to be accomplished by their 
publication, the Savannah Chapter of The Daughters of 
the American Revolution, with a generous and patriotic 
feeling entirely worthy of that noble organization, has 
undertaken at its own expense the publication of the 
collections herein contained. 

During that stormy period of American revolutionary 
history which intervened between the renouncement 
and overthrow of British authority in the Provinces 
and the firm establishment of self-government by the 
newly organized states a condition of affairs arose that 
was marked by the greatest solicitude and danger. Un- 
willing to submit longer to British oppression, and con- 
scious of the desperate struggle that must ensue in the 
resort to arms, the people of the several Provinces in 
turn called together their wisest men to take counsel for 
the public good. These organizations were generally 
known as Councils of Safety. They were composed of 
the wisest and most prudent men in the community, 
and to them were entrusted at times the entire welfare 
of the cause of liberty. 



lu Georgia the first Council of Safety was appointed 
at a meeting of the principal friends of liberty held 
in Savannah on June 22, 1775, with William Ewen as 
President. On July 4, 1775, a Provincial Congress, in 
which every parish and district was represented, met at 
Savannah in Tondee's Long Room (N. W. corner Brough- 
ton and Whitaker streets,) and elected Archibald Bul- 
loch, President, and George Walton, Secretary. This 
meeting is aptly called by Col. C. C. Jones "Georgia's 
first secession convention." There had, indeed, been a 
former meeting of similar import, but only a few of the 
districts and parishes were represented. This, there- 
fore, may truly be called Georgia's first Provincial Con- 
gress. 

This Congress delegated to the Council of Safety 
power to act for the people when the Provincial Con- 
gress was not in session. The proceedings of this meet- 
ing form the first part of these collections. The Coun- 
cil of Safety continued to discharge its functions with 
several changes in its organization till May, 1777, when 
John Adam Treutlen, the first Governor of the State 
of Georgia, was duly installed under a newly established 
government of the people. It was then dissolved, and 
its functions were assumed by the proper officers under 
the New Constitution. 

The proceedings of this Council of Safety from Nov. 
3rd, 1775, to Feb. 22nd, 1777, form the second part of 
these collections. 

The account of the seige of Savannah from a British 
source, forming the third part of these collections, was 
originally published in the Royal Georgia Gazette of 
Nov. 18, 1779. It was copied in the South Carolina and 
American General Gazette No. 1086^ Dec. 10, 1779, from 
which this copy is taken. 

To the good people of Georgia and to the public gen- 
erally the ladies who have kindly undertaken the work 



present this contribution to the history of our State 
with the hope that it will meet with that degree of ap- 
preciation which the character of the work and their 
unselfish motives deserve. 

Special thanks are due to Mr. William Harden, the 
efficient Librarian of the Georgia Historical Society for 
the valuable aid rendered in supervising the copying of 
the manuscript, in correcting the proof, preparing the 
index, and for many other useful suggestions in the 
preparation of the work. 

Otis Ashmore, 
Cor. Sec. Georgia Historical Society. 



Savannah, Ga., May 1, 1901. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Adams, Edward, 99. 

Adams, Nathaniel, 81. 

Alexander, James, 78, IIG. 

Allman, Philip, 1. 

Anderson, James, 4. 

Anderson, 51, 54. 

Andrew, Benj., 41, 42, 44, 45, 48, 
50, 52, 54, 55, 56, 58, 60, 61, 62, 
63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 70, 74, 75, 77, 
78, 80, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 88. 91, 
92, 94, 96, 97, 107, 109, 110, 112, 
115, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 124. 

Arnold, John, 66. 

Atkinson, Joseph, 70. 

Ayres, Abraham. 65. 

Bacon, John, Sen., 2, 31. 
Bacon, Thos., 31. 
Bacon, Wm., Jun., 2. 

Baihe, Mr. 76. 

Baillie, Geo., 67, 80, 100, 112. 
Baker, John, Sen. (Col.), 3, 31, 

50, 52, 54, 60, 67, 70, 84. 
Baker, Wm., Sen. (Col.), 2, 31, 

32. 
Ball, Edward, 2. 
Barclay, Andrew, 42. 
Bard, Peter, 29. 
Barnard, John, 1. 
Barry, Geo., 100. 
Baulch, Thos., 69. 
Beal, Jacob, 64. 
Beale, Jeremiah, 17. 
Beale, Zephaniah, 17. 
Begby, Alex., 67. 
Beaufort, brig, 118, 119, 121. 
Belcher, Wm., 76, 113, 114, 121. 
Bird, Israel, 34, 69. 
Black, James, 69. 
Blunt, Jacob, 17. 
Bonnell, Daniel, 69. 
Bonner, Robt., 121. 



Bowen, Oliver, 1, 16, 18, 20, 21, 
22, 23, 24, 101, 102, 125. 

Box, Philip, 1, 15, 44. 

Boys, Alex , 97. 

Brisbane, Adam Fowler, 2, 46, 
56, 57, 58, 60, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 
80, 82, 83, 85, 86, 88, 91, 92, 94, 
110, 112, 115, 116, 118, 119, 120, 
122, 124. 

Brown, Frances, 58, 88. 

Brown, John, 58. 

Brown, Wm., Jr., 4. 

Brown, Capt. 52, 129. 

Brownson, Nathan, 2, 67, 68, 70, 
82, 88, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 
110, 112, 115, 116. 

Bryan, Hugh, 2. 

Bryan, Jonathan, 1, 18, 20, 21, 
27, 29, 31, 33, 44, 45, 48, 52, 54, 
55, 60, 62, 63, 65, 70, 74, 75, 78, 
79, 80, 84, 86, 88, 91, 92, 93, 94, 
96, 97, 100, 103. 107, 109, 110, 
112, 113, 114, 115, 118, 119, 120, 
121, 123, 134. 

Bryan, Wm., 1, 113, 114, 115, 116, 
118, 121, 122, 124. 

Buckhalter, Peter, 103. 

Budge, Wm., 26. 

Bugg, Sherwood, 75, 79. 

Bugg, Wm., 17. 

Bulloch, Archibald, 1, 2, 3, 9, 15, 
21, 32, 24, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 34, 
35, 36, 38, 39, 41, 42, 43, 45, 46, 
47, 48, 49, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 57, 
58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 68, 
74, 76, 78, 80, 81, 82, 89, 97, 98, 
108, 111, 112, 119, 120. 

Bulloch, James, 1. 

Bunnell, Daniel, 84. 

Burney, Andrew, 2. 

Burns, Andrew, 2. 

Burt, Moody, 121. 



«^^^ 



Burton, Thos., 2, 69, 76. 

Butler, EUsha, 2, 41. 

Butler, James, 56, 79. 81, 83, 85, 

87, 98. 
Butler, Joseph, 1, 4. 
Butler, Shem, 79, 80, 81, 87. 

Cameron, Alex., 50, 55. 
Campbell, Lieut. Smollett, 137. 
Candler, Wm., 65, 77, 78. 

Carey, 123. 

Carter, Hepworth, 46. 
Carter, Thos., 121. 
Cartledge, Edward, 65. 
Casey, James Hamilton, 83, 87. 
Chisolm, Thos. (Capt.), 37. 
Christie, Wm., 65. 
Clay, Jos., 1, 3, 4, 9, 15, 16, 19, 41, 

101. 
Clements, John, 97. 
Cochrane, James, 17. 
Cochrane, Jonathan, 2, 50. 52, 

54, 55, 56, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 

67, 68, 74, 75, 77, 78, 80, 92, 95, 

96, 97, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 110, 

112, 113, 114, 115, 116. 
Coddington, Francis, 106. 
Colcock, Job, 70. 
Colville, Wm., 30. 
Comet, galley, 130, 132. 
Connell, Wm., 84. 
Conyers, John, 18. 
Courvoizie, Francis, 4. 
Cowper, Basil, 1, 3, 4, 18, 19, 20, 

21, 23, 24, 25, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40. 
Cramer, Christopher, 2, 60. 
Crawford, Chas., 64. 
Creitingdor, John, 121. 
Crocker, Margaret, 56, 80, 81. 

Croker, Mr. , 79. 

Cruger, Gen. , 136. 

Cuthbert, Ann, 91. 

Cuthbert, Seth John, 1, 2, 26. 61, 

109. 
Cuthbert & Piatt, 21. 
Cuyler, Mrs. , 4. 



Dasher, Martin, 121. 

Davies, Edward, 118, 119. 

Davis, Jenkin, 2. 

Davis, Myrick, 69. 

Davis, Theophilus, 121. 

Davlin, Joseph, 59, 61. 

Dean, Stephen, 77. 

Delegal, (de la Gall), Col., , 

1. 
Dell, James, 67. 
Dell, Philip, 84. 
Demere, Raymond, 2. 
D'Estaing, Count, 131, 135, 136. 

DeVeaux, Col. , 1. 

Dickinson, Stephen, 66. 
Dickinson, Lee, 116. 
Dixon, Robert, 84. 
Dody, Thos., 17. 
Dooly, John, 17 
Douglass, John, 26, 67. 
Douglass, Samuel, 67. 

Douglass, Mr. , 85. 

Dowd, Thos., 17. 

Downs, Geo., 121. 

Downs, Henry, 64. 

Dowse, Gideon, 70. 

Drayton, Stephen, 2, 3, 9, 16, 17, 

18, 20, 21, 22, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 

34, 35, 86, 37, 38. 
Dukart, John, 70. 
Dunwody, James, 85, 94, 96, 97, 

100, 102, 103, 107, 110, 112, 118, 

119. 
*Dunwody, John, 94, 96, 97. 

*Dr. Dunwody is called both James 
and John in the manuscript, but 
James is correct. 

Edgcombe, Mr. , 75. 

Edwards, Peter, 67. 

Eiriek, Catherine, 118. 

Elbert, Samuel, 1, 15, 16, 18, 20, 
21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 29, 31, 
34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 48, 66. 

Elhott, John, 33. 

Emmanuel, Levi, 70. 



Estis, John, 95, 98. 

Evans, Wm., 99. 

Ewen, Wm., 1, 15, 16, 18, 20, 21, 

29, 31, 32, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 

41, 42, 43. 
Ewen & O'Bryan, 63, 119, 120. 



Fanning, J. N., 4. 
Farley, Benj., 77. 
Farley, Josei^h, 67. 
Farley, Joseph, Jr., 78. 

Few, , 54, 55. 

Few, Wm., Jr., 65. 
Fisher, David, 81. 
Floerl (Flul), John, 2, 60. 
Flyming, James, 69. 
FoUiott, Francis, 121. 
Foulis, John, 67. 
Fowey, ship, 130. 
Fox, David, 77. 
Fox, Wm., 70. 
Fulton, John, 2. 



Gralache, James, 17. 

Galphin, Geo., 52. 

Garbet, Gasper, 118. 

Garnet, Thos., 67. 

General Matthews, privateer, 
129. 

Gibbons, Joseph, 1. 

Gibbons, Wm., 1, 15, 18, 19, 20, 21, 
23, 24, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 34, 35, 
36, 39, 40, 44, 91. 

Gibson, Robert, 1. 

Girardeau, John Bohun, 1, 18 
19, 22, 23, 25, 29, 31, 39, 40, 41 
42, 43, 44, 45, 48, 50, 52, 54, 55 
56, 57, 58, 60, 61, 62, 63, 66, 68 
70, 74, 75, 77, 78, 80, 82, 83, 84 
85, 86, 88, 91, 94, 96, 97, 99, 100, 
102, 103, 107, 109, 110, 112, 118 
119, 120, 124. 

Glen, John, 1, 3, 4, 48, 56, 118. 

Godby, Wm., 70. 



Goldsmith, Thos. 118. 
Goldwire, James. 34, 37, 62, 69. 
Gold wire, John, 69. 
Goodgion, Wm. 64, 

Gordon, Mr. , 82. 

Graham, John, 4, 47, 48. 

Graham, Maj. , 132, 133. 

Gray, James, 61. 

Green, John, 2, 65. 

Griener, Casper, 69. 

Grierson, James, 64. 

Griner, Jno., 106. 

Gwinnett, Button, 27, 29, 110, 

112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 118, 119, 

121, 123, 124. 

Habersham, James, 108, 109. 
Habersham, John, 61, 108, 109. 
Habersham, Joseph, 1, 18, 24, 25, 

26, 27, 28, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 

57, 107, 108, 116. 
Hall, Chas., 76. 
Hall, John, 34, 35. 
Hall, Lyman, 9. 
Hall, Nathaniel, 67. 
Hamilton, Chas., 4. 
Hamilton, Robt., 64, 82. 
Hamilton, Col. (N. C), 136. 
Hancock, Francis, 69, 70. 
Hancock, John, 89, 103, 104, 106. 
Hardy, John, 53, 56, 98. 
Harris, Francis Henry, 1, 16, 18, 

21, 24, 25, 27, 29. 31, 36, 37, 38, 

39, 40, 41. 

Harris, Mr. , 76. 

Harvey, Chas., 69, 97. 

Hazard, Mr. , 85. 

Herd, Barnard, 78. 
Hern, John, 83. 
Hewat, Andrew, 67. 
Hill, John, 55, 62. 
Hohnger, Titus, 100, 101. 
Holmes, John, 61. 
Hooker, Nathan, 69. 
Houstoun, Geo., 1, 3, 4, 15, 81. 



Hotistoun, John, 1, 3, 9, 15, 37, 38, 
39, 40, 42, 43, 45, 48, 56, 60, 62, 
70, 77, 80, 81, 83, 84, 85, 86, 88, 
91, 92, 94, 99, 100, 102, 103, 109, 
112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 118, 119, 
120, 121, 122. 

Hovenden, James, 53, 59, 69, 85, 
98. 

Howe. Gen. Robert, 111. 

Howell, Daniel, 67. 

Howell, Philip, 2, 37, 62, 69. 

Huger, Gen. , 136, 139. 

Hughes, Nathaniel, 107. 

Huguenin, David, 83. 

Hume, James, 83, 87. 

Hume, John, 58, 59, 67. 



Ihle, Jacob, 60. 

Inglis, Capt. John, 57, 67, 79. 

Inverness, ship, 28. 



Jack, Samuel, 64. 
Jackson, James, 48, 56. 
Jackson, Wm., 63, 65. 
Jacobs, Jacob, 86, 88. 
Jamison, John, 3, 4, 67. 

Jarves, Capt. , 136, 137. 

Johnson, Andrew, 67, 97. 
Johnson, Seaborn, 116. 
Johnson, Thomas, 67, 79. 

Johnson, , 121. 

Johnston, Ann, 19. 
Johnston, Lewis, 4, 112. 
Johnston, Lewis, Jr., 67. 
Jolhe, Martin, 51, 52, 65. 
Jones, Edward, 2. 
Jones, Henry, 2, 69. 
Jones, John, 65, 70, 84, 99. 
Jones, Noble W., 1, 3, 4, 9, 18, 19, 

20, 21, 22, 23, 29, 32, 35, 39, 81, 

91, 100. 
Jones, Wm., 2, 3. 
Jones, , 123. 



Keebler, John, 121. 
Kell, John, 66, 92, 99. 
Kellsall, Roger, 118. 
Kellsall & Co., 30. 
Kellet, Alex., 114 

Kelly, Mr. , 78. 

Kennedy, Richard, 66. 
Kennon, Wm., 95, 98, 119, 120. 
Keppel, ship, 130. 
Kincaid, Geo., 67. 
King, Wm., 34. 
Kirk, Sarah, 57, 88. 
Kitching, James, 67. 
Knowles, Francis, 67. 
Knox, , 116. 

Lamar, John, 121. 

Langford, Elizabeth, 57, 88. 

Langworthy, Edward, 16, 20, 58, 
59, 119, 126, 127. 

Lanier, Benj., 69, 92. 

Lanier, Mrs., , 134. 

Laurens, Henry, 33. 

Lavien, Mr. , 80. 

Lawson, John, Jr., 66. 

Lawson, Roger, 69. 

LeConte, Wm., 2, 15, 19, 41. 42, 
43, 48, 50, 52, 54, 55, 60, 62, 65, 
66, 67, 68, 70, 74, 75, 77, 78, 80, 
82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 88, 92, 94, 107, 
110, 112. 

Lee, Chas., Gen., 62, 70, 71, 93, 
94, 95, 98, 99, 100, 106. 

Lee, Thos., 1, 57, 62, 79, 107. 

Lewis, Benj., 2. 

Lewis, David, 2, 62. 

Lewis, Rev. Josiah, 69. 

Lewis, Thos., 69, 70. 

Lincoln, Gen. Benj., 135. 

Little, Thos., 69. 

Livingston, Samuel, 79. 

Lloyd, Mrs., , 134. 

Lord, Andrew, 98, 

Lord, Wm., 2, 69. 

Love, Wm., 76. 



Lovett, Thos., 106. 
Lowndes, Rawlins, 43. 
Lucena, John C, 4. 
Lunday, Theophilus, 53. 
Lundy, Archibald, 89, 90, 91, 92, 

126, 127. 
Lyford, Wm., 31, 67, 122. 

McCandlas, Jno., 97, 121. 

M'Cartney, Lord, , 131. 

McClure, John, 1, 99. 
McCormick, John, 50. 

McCredie, , 109. 

McDaniel, Wm., 65, 76, 81, 82, 83. 

McDonough, Capt., , 130. 

McFarland, Mrs., 59. 
McFarland, James, 78. 

McGillivray, , 138. 

McGirth, , 138. 

McGrowen, Alex., 4, 67. 
Mcintosh, Geo., 2, 50, 52, 54, 55, 

60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 109, 110, 112, 

113, 114, 118, 119. 
Mcintosh, John, 2, 68, 69. 
Mcintosh, Lachlan, 2, 60, 62, 70, 

76, 84, 88, 111, 139. 
Mcintosh, Roderick, 2. 
Mcintosh, Wm., 2, 51, 52, 54, 61. 
McKay, Chas., 2, 121. 
Mackay, James, 83. 

McKenzie, , 28, 37. 

McKinen, Chas. Wm., 67. 

McKnight, Mrs. , 60. 

McLean, Andrew, 4, 50, 54, 55, 

118. 
McMurphy, Daniel, 62, 69. 
Maddock, Joseph, 2. 
Magnifique, warship, 130. 
Maitland, Col. , 132, 134, 135, 

136. 

Manby, Capt. , 136. 

Mann, Luke, 2, 34, 62, 114. 
Manson, Wm, 25, 26, 82. 
Marbury, Leonard, 2, 54, 61, 69, 

75, 97. 
Marshall, Matthew, 121. 



Martin, Alex., 67. 

Martin, Clement, 100, 112, 120. 

Martin, James,. 97, 121. 

Martin, John, 1, 16, 18, 20. 21, 22, 

23, 24, 25. 27, 31, 32, 34, 35, 38, 

41, 42, 43, 67, 78, 79, 107, 112. 

Mason, Maj. , 110. 

Maxwell, And ley, 118. 
Maxwell, James (St. John's Par- 
ish), 2. 
Maxwell, James (St. Philip's 

Parish), 2, 46, 83, 119, 120, 121, 

122, 123, 127. 
Maxwell, Thos , Sen., 92, 99. 
Maxwell, Wm. (St. Phihp's Par- 
ish), 2, 3. 
May, Moses (See Way, Moses) 17. 
Maybank, Andrew, 17, 110. 
Merrine, David, 97. 
Middleton, Chas., 40. 
Miller, Nathaniel, 69. 
Miller, Samuel, 62, 65, 70, 95, 96, 

99. 
Mills, John, 133. 
Mills, Thos , 84. 
Minis, Philip, 119, 120. 
Mitchell, John, 70. 

Moncrieff, Capt. , 130. 

Montague, Mr. , 76. 

Moody, Thos., 67. 
Moore, Andrew, 2, 92, 98. 
Moore, Philip, 4, 67, 107, 121, 

122, 123. 
Moore, Wm., 26. 

Moorecock 100. 

Morel, John, 2, 114. 

Morel, Mary, 114, 115. 

Morrell, John, 1. 

Morris, Thos., 95, 97, 100, 111. 

Morrison, John, 17. 

Moss, Wm., 4. 

Mossman, James, 4, 67, 77, 79, 

80. 
Mulryne, John, 4, 5, 38, 40, 41, 
138. 



Munro, Simon, 123. 

Murray, Mr. 48. 

Murray, Mrs. . 107. 

Neidlinger, John, 59. 
Neidlinger, Mrs. Sybilla, 57, 5'J. 
Netherclift. Thos., 67. 
Nichols, Mrs. Ann, 60. 
Niseler, J no. Adams, 106. 
Nudigate, 114. 

O'Brien, John, 113. 

O'Bryan, Wm., 1, 29, 41, 42, 43, 

66, 81, 84. 
Odingsell, Chas., 77. 

Oldhis, , 100. 

Osborne, ship of war, 100. 

Pace, James, 34, 35. 
Palmer, Thos.. 100. 
Panton, Wm., 4, 30, 67, 118, 119. 

Parsons, Col. , 43. 

Patterson, Jno., 97. 

Patterson, Capt. , 61. 

Patton, John, 67. 
Perrie, Wm., 121. 

Phelps, , 100. 

Phillips, Geo., 17. 

Phoenix, Capt. Alex., 54, 116. 

Pickron, Aaron, 106. 

Piercy, Rev. Wm., 35. 

Polhm, Capt., 136. 

Pollard, Ensign, 134. 

Polly, sloop, 129. 

Pooler, Quintin, 63, 65, 76, 80, 81, 

82, 83, 118. 
Porteus, Robt., 67, 96, 109. 
Powell, James Edward, 4, 42. 
Powell, Mary, 118. 
Pray, Job, 113, 114. 
Preston, Henry, 67, 107, 109. 

Prevost, Gen. 131. 

Pugh, James, 2, 98. 
Pulaski, Count C, 136. 
Purdy, Thos., 26. 



Rae, James, 2. 

Rae, Robert, 2, 47, 64, 70, 77. 

Rae, Mr. , 49, 92. 

Rahn, Matthias, 69. 

Rains, John, 109. 

Ramsay, Mrs. Agnes, 53. 

Randell, John B., 67. 

Randolph, Geo., 121. 

Ratton, , 92, 102. 

Ravott, Abraham, 67, 69. 

Read, James, 4. 

Read, Wm., 67. 

Red, James, 70. 

Reid, Robert, 67. 

Reid, Thos., 52, 67, 90. 

Rester, Frederick, 34, 69. 

Reynolds, John, 114. 

Reynolds, Joseph, 1. 

Rice, Joseph, 38. 

Richardson, Geo., 58. 

Roberts, Daniel 2, 33, 44, 45, 48, 
56, 57, 58, 61, 70, 74, 75, 77, 78 
80, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 88, 91, 92, 
94, 100, 102, 103, 110, 112, 113. 

Roberts, L)rury, 97. 

Roberts, James, 53. 

Roberts, John, 2. 

Robertson, James, 1, 56, 67, 79, 
87. 

Roche, Matthew, Jr., 1. 

Rose, ship, 129, 130. 

Ross, Thos., 68, 80, 84. 

Rossberg, Frederick, 58, 66. 

Roux & Co., 101. 

Rutledge, John, 62. 

Ryal, John, 70. 

Ryal, Wm 70. 

Ryan, Daniel, 2. 

Saltus, Samuel, 44, 45, 48, 56, 57, 
58, 70, 84, 85, 86, 88, 91, 92, 94, 
96, 97, 99, 109, 110, 112, 115, 
120. 

Sandiford, John, 70, 124. 

Sandwich, Packet, 33. 



fl3t*« 



Savage, Thos., 43. 135. 

Savannah, ship, 130. 

Saxton, Nathaniel, 53, 60, 63, 66, 

82. 
Scarborough, war vessel, 43. 

Scott, Capt. , 116. 

Screven, James, 2, 33, 56, 57, 58, 

65, 68, 70, 84, 86, 88, 96, 100, 

102, 103, 107, 112, 113. 
Screven, John, 33. 
Scruggs, Richard, 34. 
Seeds, Samuel, 66. 
Shand, Peter, 53. 
Sharp, Henry, 96, 99. 
Shawn, Peter, 69. 
Sheftall, Levi, 4, 30. 
Sherman, Thomas, 4. 
Simpson, John, 3, 48, 135. 
Skinner, Wm. , 67. 
Smith, John, 1, 4, 9, 15, 16, 18, 

34, 35, 36, 39, 40, 41, 69. 
Smith, Joshua, 17. 
Smith, Robert, 57. 
Spalding, James, 67, 96, 107, 101). 
Spence, Greorge, 4. 
Spencer, John, 35, 26. 
Sphinx, war ship, 130. 
Stafford, Joshua, 34, 69. 
Steele, Elijah, 49. 

Steil, Capt. , 136. 

Steiner, Christian, 60. 
Stephens, Wm., 48, 56, 81, 83. 
Stevens, John, 3, 
Stewart, Allan, 2. 
Stewart, Harry, 50. 
Stewart, John, 55, 84, 85, 118. 

Stewart, , 100. 

Stiles, Benj,, 83. 

Stu-k, John, 2, 28, 38, 41, 43, 43, 

69, 83. 
Stokes, Anthony, 38. 

Stone, , 123. 

Stringer, Francis, 62, 70, 
Strohager, Rudolph, 59, 61. 
Strothers, Mr., 87. 
Struthers, Wm., 4. 



Sunbury Hero, sloop, 107. 
Sutcliffe, Jno., 94, 108. 
Sweiger, Geo., 118. 
Sykes, Mr. , 51. 

Tallemack, Thos., 47, 136. 

Tamar, war vessel, 33, 36. 

Tarlin, Peter, 2. 

Tattnall, Josiah, 4, 38, 40, 

Taylor, , 90. 

Telfair, Edward, 15, 16, 18, 20, 
21, 32, 23, 24, 26, 27, 29, 31, 34, 
35, 36, 38, 41, 43, 67, 68, 91, 92, 
96, 115. 

Thomas, Tuberfleld, 97. 

Thomson, Chas., 32, 106. 

Thompson, Mrs. , 134. 

Thompson, Wm., 67. 

Threadcraft, Geo., 3. 

Thunderer, war ship, 132. 

Timothy, Peter, 43. 

Tondee, Lucy, 66. 

Tonyn, Patrick, 119. 

Tretler, Daniel, 131. 

Treutlen, John Adam, 3, 50, 52, 
54, 55, 60, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 
69, 70, 84, 92, 94, 96, 97, 99, 107, 
109, 110, 112, 113, 115, 116. 

Trieste, ship, 133. 

Tulley, Wm., 97. 

Tusing, Jacob, 69. 

Twittee, Jno., 97. 

Venus, transport, 132. 

Vigilant, war ship, 132. 

Wade, Hezekiah, 17. 

Waldhauer, Jacob Casper, 2, 48, 
69. 

Wallace, Francis, 26. 

Wallace, Capt. , 136. 

Wallace, Lieut. James, 137. 

Walton, George, 2, 5, 8, 9, 10, 13, 
15, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 
26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 34, 35, 36, 38, 
39, 40, 41^42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 
50. 



XIV 



Walton, John, 3, 50, 64. 
Warn mack, Abraham, 09. 
Warden, Geo. 53. 

Watson, , 100. 

Way, Moses (see May, Moses), 17. 
Way, Parmenas, 70. 
Weathers, Edward, 70. 
Wells, Andrew Elton, 1, 37, 48, 

56. 
Wells, Geo., 64, 70, 121. 
Wereat, John, 2, 43, 44, 45, 48, 

50, 52, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 60, 61, 

62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 08, 70, 74, 75, 

77, 78, 83, 85. 
Westcott, Daniel, 118. 
Whitefield, James, 85, 87. 
Williams, Chas., 70. 
Williams, Wm., Sen., 2. 

Williamson, Gen. , 136, 139. 

Wilson, Benj., 67, 79. 
Wilson, John, 107. 
Winn, John, Sen., 2, 92, 99. 
Witherspoon, John, 2. 
Woodruffe, Joseph, 17, 63, 64, 84, 

95, 96, 111, 123. 



Wright, Ambrose, 1, 16, 18, 20, 
21, 23, 23, 25, 27, 39, 31, 33, 34. 
35, 36, 38, 39, 43, 58. 

Wright, Chas., 51. 

Wright, Dionysius, 65. 

Wright, Germain, 51. 

Wright, Sir James, 3, 9, 38, 40, 
42, 116. 

Wright, Major , 135, 136. 

Wright, Mr. , 79. 

Wylly, Richard, 4, 63. 



Yonge, Philip, 67. 

York, Mr. , 51. 

Young, Dr. Chas., 81, 83, 85, 87. 

Yonng, Geo., 116. 

Young, Isaac, 2. 

Young, Thos., 89, 91, 93, 136, 137. 

Young, Wm., 1, 4, 19. 



Zubly, David, 1, 28. 
Zubly, Rev. J. J., 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 15, 
31, 67, 68, 91, 138. 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



Georgia Provincial Congress. 



Wednesday, July 12th, 1775. 

At a Provincial CoDgress, held agreeable to appoint- 
ment at Tondee's Long Room at Savannah, on the fourth 
day of July, 1775, and continued from day to day, the 
following persons were returned duly elected, viz : 

Town and District of Savannah : Archibald Bulloch, 
Noble Wimberly Jones, Joseph Habersham, Jonathan 
Bryan, Ambrose Wright, William Young, John Glen, 
Samuel Elbert, John Houstoun, Oliver Bowen, John 
McCluer, Edward Telfair, Thomas Lee, George Hous- 
toun, Joseph Reynolds, John Smith, William Ewen, 
John Martin, Doctor Zubly, William Bryan, Philip Box, 
Philip Allman, William O'Bryan, Joseph Clay, Seth 
John Cuthbert. 

District of Vernonburgh : Joseph Butler,* Andrew 
Elton Wells, Mathew Roche, Jun. 

District of Acton : David Zubly, Basil Cowper, Wil- 
liam Gibbons. 

Sea Island District : Col. Deveaux, Col. de La Gall, 
James Bulloch, John Morrell, John Bohun Gerreadieu, 
John Barnard, Robert Gibson. 

District of the Little Ogeechee : Francis Henry Harris, 
Joseph Gibbons, James Robertson.* 



Those marked * declined taking^tlieir seats. 



2 Proceedings of the Georgia Provincial Congress. 

Parish of Saint Mathew : John Stirk, John Adam 
Treutlen, George Walton, Edward Jones, Jacob Wald- 
hauer, Philip Howell, Isaac Young, Jenkin Davis, John 
Morel, John Flul, Charles McKay, Christopher Cramer. 

Parish of St. Phihp : Col. Butler, William Le Conte, 
William Maxwell, James Maxwell, Stephen Drayton, 
Adam Fowler Brisbane, Luke Mann, Hugh Bryan. 

Parish of Saint George : Henry Jones, John Green, 
Thomas Burton, William Lord, David Lewis, Benjamin 
Lewis, James Pugh, John Fulton. 

Parish of Saint Andrew : Jonathan Cochran, William 
Jones, Peter Tarlin, Lachlan Mcintosh, William Mcin- 
tosh, George Threadcraft, John Wereat, Roderick Mcin- 
tosh, John Witherspoon, George Mcintosh, Allan Stew- 
art, John Mcintosh, Raymond Demere. 

Parish of Saint David : Seth John Cuthbert, William 
Williams, Sen. 

Parish Saint Mary : Daniel Ryan. 

Parish of Saint Thomas : John Roberts. 

Parish of Saint Paul : John Walton, Joseph Maddock,* 
Andrew Burns, Robert Rae, James Rae, Andrew Moore, 
Andrew Burney, Leonard Marbury. 

Parish of Saint Johns : James Screven, Nathan Brown- 
son, Daniel Roberts, John Baker, Sen., John Bacon, Sen., 
James Maxwell, Edward Ball, William Baker, Sen., Wil- 
liam Bacon, Jun., John Stephens, John Winn, Sen. 

Archibald Bulloch, efquire. being propofed as Presi- 
dent, was unanimoufly elected ; and George Walton, 
efquire, being propofed as Secretary, was alfo unani- 
moufly elected. 

The Congress then adjourned to the Meeting Houfe of 
the Rev. D. Zubly, where he preached a sermon on the 
alarming state of American affairs. 

The Congress being returned, a motion was made and 
seconded, that the thanks of this Congress be given to 

rhose marked ♦ declined taking their seats. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Promncial Congress. 3 

the Rev. Dr. Zubly, for the excellent sermon he preached 
this day to the members, which being unanimoufly 
agreed to it was ordered, that Basil Cowper, Joseph 
Clay, John Houstoun, John Glen, and George Hous- 
toun, efquires, be a committee for that purpofe. 



Wednesday, 5th July, 1775. 
A motion was made and seconded, that this Congress 
apply to his excellency, the Governor, by meffage, re- 
quefting him to appoint a day of Fasting and Prayer 
throughout this province, on account of the disputes 
subsisting between America and the parent State, which 
being unanimoufly passed in the affirmative it was or- 
dered that Dr. Zubly, William Jones, Dr. Jones, John 
Glen, John Houstoun, Joseph Clay, Stephen Drayton, 
and William Maxwell, be a committee for that purpofe. 

COPY OF THE MESSAGE. 
May it pleaf e your excellency : 

The Provincial Congress, deeply concerned at the prefent state 
of affairs and the dif tress of America humbly requeft that your ex- 
cellency would appoint a day of Fasting and Prayer to be observed 
throughout this province that a happy reconcihation may soon 
take place between America and the parent State, and that under 
the aufpicious reign of his Majesty, and his descendants, both 
countries may remain united, free, virtuous and happy, till time 
shall be no more. 

By order of the Congress. 

ARCHIBALD BULLOCH, President. 

The President being informed by the messenger, that 
John Jamison and John Simpson, efquires, were in wait- 
ing, and desired to be admitted, which being agreed to 
they were desired to walk in. 

They then produced and delivered in to the President, 
a paper containing several resolutions entered into by a 
number of persons, inhabitants of the town of Savan- 



Proceedings of the Georgia Provincial Congress. 



nah, which was ordered to be read, and is as follows, 
viz : 

At a meeting of several of the inhabitants of the town of Savan- 
nah, at Mrs. Cuyler's, on Friday the thirteenth of June, 1775, pres- 
ent, John Mullrine, esquire, in the chair, Joseph Clay, James Mors- 
man, Rev. Mr. J. J. Zubly, John Simpson, Noble Wimberly Jones, 
John Jamison, William Moss, John Glen, Josiah Tatnall, John 
Graham, Lewis Johnston, William Young, Richard Wylly, Andrew 
McLean, Basil Cowper, Phillip Moore, George Houstoun, Joseph 
Butler, James Read, Wilham Panton, James Edward Powell, Wil- 
liam Struthers, Alexander McGowen, John C. Lucena, Thomas 
Sherman, J. N. Fanning, Levi Sheftall, Charles Hamilton, George 
Spence, William Brown, Jr., Francis Courvoizie, James Anderson. 

Whereas, publick confusions and grievances are much increased 
by private dissention and animosities; 

Resolved, therefore, nem. con., That we will use our utmost en- 
deavors to preserve the peace and good order of this province, 
and that no person, behaving himself peaceably and inoffensively, 
shall be molested in his person and property, or even in his private 
sentiments, while he expresses them with decency and without 
any illiberal reflections upon others. 

Whereas, The acts for raising a perpetual reserve in America, 
and all the measures used to enforce these acts, are not partial but 
general grievances, and it is more likely that redress be obtained 
by joint endeavors of all who may think these acts unconstitu- 
tional or oppressive, than by any measure that might be taken 
singly by individuals, therefore. 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this meeting, (as a proper 
measure to be pursued, because the general assembly is not now 
sitting, from whom an application to the throne must be very 
proper, and as no time should be lost,) that a humble, dutiful and 
decent petition be addressed to his Majesty, expressive of the sense, 
apprehensions aud feelings of all such as may choose to subscribe 
such a petition, which it is to be hoped will be done by every man 
in the province ; and it is therefore the wish of this meeting that 
such a measure may be adopted by the Provincial Congress, in- 
tended to be held on Tuesday next, the fourth of July. 

Resolved, That the interest of this province is inseparable from 
the mother country, and all the sister Colonies, and that to separate 
themselves from the latter would only be throwing diflBculties in 
the way of its own relief, and that of the other Colonies, and justly 
incurring the resentment of all those to whose distress our disunion 
might caufe an addition. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Provincial Congress. 5 

Resolved, That this province ought, and it is hoped will, forthwith 
join the other provinces in every juft and legal measure to secure 
and restore the liberties of all America, and for healing the un- 
happy divisions now subsisting between Great Britain and her 
Colonies. 

Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be laid before the 
Provincial Congress on Tuesday, the fourth day of July next, and 
that Wm. Jamison and Mr. Simpson, do wait upon them with the 
same, as recommended to them by this meeting. 

By order of the Meeting. JOHN MULLRINE. 

A motion was made and seconded, that the paper 
above mentioned do lie upon the table for the perusal of 
the members, which, being carried, the same was ordered 
to lie upon the table accordingly. 

A motion was made and seconded, that this Congress 
do put this province upon the same footing with our 
sister Colonies, which, being put, it was ordered that it 
be taken into consideration to-morrow morning. 

By order of the Congress. 

A true copy of the minutes. 

GEO. WALTON, Secretary. 



Thursday, 6th of July, 1Y75. 

The order of the day being read, the same was taken 
into consideration, and after some deliberation, it was 
unanimoufly 

Resolved, 1, That this province will adopt, and carry into execu- 
tion, all and singular the measures and recommendations of the 
late Continental Congress. 

Resolved, 2, in particular, that we, in behalf of ourselves and our 
constitution, do adopt and approve of the American Declaration, 
or Bill of Rights, published bj' the late Continental Congress, in 
consequence of several infractions thereof. 

Resolved, 3, That we will not receive into this province any 
goods, wares or merehandife, shipped from Great Britain or Ireland, 
or from any other place any such goods, wares or merchandise, as 
shall have been exported from Great Britain or Ireland, after this 
day ; nor will we import any East Indian tea from any part of the 



Proceedings of the Georgia Provincial Congress. 



world; nor any molasses, syrups, powder, or coffee, or pimento; nor 
wines from Madeira or the Western Islands, nor foreign indigo. 

Resolved, 4, That we will neither import or purchafe any slave, 
imported from Africa or elsewhere, after this day. 

Resolved, 5, As a Non-consumption Agreement, strictly adhered 
to, will be effectual security for the observation of the Xon-importa- 
tion, we, as above, solemnly agree and associate, that from this day, 
we will not purchafe or use any tea imported on account of the 
East India Company, or any on which a duty has or shall be paid, 
and we will not purchafe or use any East India tea whatever, nor 
will we merchandife. "We have agreed not to import, which we 
shall know, or have caufe to suspect were imported after this day. 

Resolved, 6. The earneft defire we have not to injure our fellow 
subjects in Great Britain and Ireland and the West Indies, induces 
us to suspend non-exportation until the tenth day of Septem- 
ber, 1775, at which time, if the act and parts of acts of the British 
Parliament, hereafter mentioned, are not repealed, we will not, 
directly or indirectly, export any merchandise or commodity what- 
soever to Great Britain, Ireland, or the West Indies, except rice to 
Europe. 

Resolved, 7, Such as are Merchants, and use the British and India 
trade, will give orders, as soon as possible to their Factors. Agents 
and Correspondents in Great Britain and Ireland, not to ship any 
goods to them, on any pretence whatever, as they cannot be re- 
ceived in this province, and if any Merchant refiding in Great 
Britain and Ireland shall, directly or indirectly, ship any goods, 
wares or merchandife for America, in order to break the said non- 
importation agreement, or in any manner contravene the same, on 
such unworthy conduct being well attested, it ought to be made 
publick, and on the same being done, we will not from thenceforth 
have any commercial connections with such merchant. 

Resolved, 8, That such as are owners of vessels Avill give positive 
orders to their Captains or Masters, not to receive on board their 
vessels any goods prohibited by the said non-importation agree- 
ment, on pain of immediate dismission from the service. 

Resolved, 9, We will use our utmof t endeavours to improve the 
breed of sheep and increafe their numbers to the greateft extent, 
and to that end we will kill them as sparingly as may be, especially 
those of the moft profitable kind, nor wiU export any to the West 
Indies or elsewhere, and thofe of us who are or may become over- 
stocked with, or can conveniently spare any sheep, will difpofe of 
them to our neighbors, especially to the poorer sort, on moderate 
terms. 

Resolved, 10, That we will in our several stations encourage fru- 
gality, economy and induftry, and promote agriculture, arts and 



Proceedings of the Georgia Provincial Congress. 7 

the manufacture of British America, especially that of Wool, and 
will difcountenance and discourage every species of extravagance 
and dissipation, especially horse-racing and every kind of gaming, 
cock-fighting, exhibiting of shows, plays and other expenfive di- 
verfions and entertainments, and on the death of any relation or 
friend, none of us, or any of our families, will go into any farther 
mourning dress, than a black crepe or ribbon on the arm or hat 
for gentlemen, and a black ribbon and necklace for ladies, and we 
will difcontinue the giving of gloves and scarfs at funerals. 

Resolved, 11, That such as are venders of goods or merchandize 
will not take advantage of the scarcity of goods that may be oc- 
cafioned by this association, but will sell the same at the rates we 
have been refpectively accustomed to do for twelve months laft paft, 
and if any venders of goods or merchandize shall sell any such 
goods or merchandize on higher terms, or shall in any manner, or 
by any device whatfoever, violate or depart from this agreement, 
no perfon ought, nor will any of us deal with any such perfon, or 
his or her Factor, Agent, at anytime thereafter, for any commodity 
whatfoever. 

Resolved, 12, In cafe any Merchant, Trader or other perfons, shall 
attempt to import any goods or merchandize, into this province 
after this day, the same shall be forthwith sent back again, without 
breaking any of the packages thereof. 

Resolved, 13, That a committee be chofen in every town, diftrict 
and parifh within this province by those who pay toward the gen- 
eral tax, whose bufiness it shall be, attentively, to obferve the 
conduct of all perfons touching this Association, and when it shall 
be made appear, to the satisfaction of a majority of any such com- 
mittee, that any perfon within the limits of their appointment, has 
violated this Association, that such majority do forthwith caufe 
the truth of the cafe to be publif hed in the Gazette, to the end that 
all such foes to the rights of British America may be publickly 
known and univerfally contemned as the enemies of American 
liberty, and thenceforth we will break off all connection with him 
or her. 

Resolved, 14, That the Committee of Correspondence in this 
province do frequently inspect the entries of the Cuftom House, and 
inform the Committee of the other Colonies which have acceded 
to the Continental Association, from time to time, of the true state 
thereof, and of every other material circumstance that may occur 
relative to this Association. 

Resolved, 15, That all manufactures of this province be sold at 
reasonable prices, so that no undue advantage be taken of a future 
scarcity of goods. 



8 Proceedings of the Georgia Provincial Congress. 

Resolved, 16, And we do farther agree and resolve that we will 
have no trade, commerce, dealings, or intercourfe, whatever, with 
any Colony or province in North America which shall not accede 
to, or which shall hereafter violate this Association, but will hold 
them as unworthy of the rights of freemen, and as inimical to the 
liberties of their country: And we do solemnly bind ourselves and 
our constituents, under the ties of virtue, honour and love of our 
country, to adhere to this Association, until parts of the several acts 
of Parliament, passed since the close of the laft war, as impofe or 
continue duties upon tea, wine, molasses, syrups, paneies, coffee, 
sugar, pimento, indigo, foreign paper, glass, and painters' colours 
imported into America, and extend the powers of the Admiralty 
Courts beyond their ancient limits, deprive American subjects of 
trial by jury, authorize the Judge certificate to indemnify the 
prosecution from damages that he might otherwife be liable to, 
from a trial by his peers, require oppressive security from claimants 
of ships, or goods seized before he is allowed to defend his property 
are repealed; and until that part of the act of the 12 Geo., 3 ch., 24, 
entitled, "An Act for the better securing his Majesty's Dock-yards, 
Magazines, Ships, Ammunition and Stores," by which any person 
charged with committing any of the offences therein described in 
America, may be tried within any shire or country within the 
realm is repealed, and until the four acts passed in the last session 
of Parliament, viz : That for stopping the port and blocking up 
the harbour of Boston; that for altering the charter and govern- 
ment of the Massachusetts Bay — and that which is entitled, "An 
Act for the better administration, &c., and that for extending the 
Hmits of Quebec, &c.," are repealed, and until the two acts passed 
in the present session of Parliament, the one entitled, "A Bill to 
restrain the Trade and Commerce of the Colonies of New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia and South Carolina, to Great 
Britain, Ireland, and tiie British Islands in the West Indies, under 
certain conditions and limitations," and the other, "An Act com- 
monly called the Fishery BUI." 

By order of the Congress. 

A true copy from the Minutes. 

GEO. WALTON, Secretary. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Provincial Congress. 9 

Friday, 7th July, 1T75. 
The following is his Excellency's Answer to the Mes- 
sage of this Congress: 

" To Stephen Drayton, Esq., and the other Gentlemen who waited 
on the Governor: 

Gentlemen — I have taken the opinion of his Majesty's Council 
relative to the requeft made by the gentlemen who have assembled 
together by the name of a Provincial Congress, and must premise 
that I cannot consider that meeting as Constitutional ; but as the 
requeft is expressed in such loyal and dutiful terms, and the end 
propofed being such as every good man must most ardently wish 
for, I will certainly appoint a Day of Fasting and Prayer, to be ob- 
served throughout this province. 

JA WRIGHT. 

Savannah, the 7th of July, 1775." 

A motion was made and seconded, that the thanks of 
this Congress be given to his Excellency the Governor, 
for his answer to the Message of the Congress, and his 
ready compliance with their requeft, which being put, 
unanimoufly passed the affirmative. Ordered — That 
Dr. Zubly, John Smith and Joseph Clay be a committee 
for the purpofe. 

A motion was made and seconded, that five persons 
be chofen to reprefent this province in the Continental 
Congress, appointed to be held at the city of Philadel- 
phia, on the 10th May last, and the queftion being put, 
is passed unanimoufly in the affirmative. 

The Congress then proceeded to the choice, when John 
Houstoun and Archibald Bulloch, Esq's, the Eev. Dr. 
Zubly, Noble Wimberly Jones and Lyman Hall, Esq's, 
were duly .elected. 

Resolved, therefore, That the said John Houstoun and Archibald 
Bulloch, Esq's, the Rev. Dr. Zixbly, Noble Wimberly Jones and 
Lyman Hall, Esq's, be the Delegates of this province to represent 
the same in said Continental Congress, and that any three of them 
be a quorum. 

By order of the Congress. 

A true copy of the Minutes. 

GEO. WALTON, Secretary. 



10 Proceedings of the Georgia Provincial Congress. 

Saturday, 8th July, 1775 

Resolved, That this Congress are of the opinion, that the resolves 
delivered in to this Congress on the second day of its meeting 
ought not to have been entitled or dressed in the form of resolves, 
but rather as recommendations, or in the nature of a petition or 
address to the Congress. 

Resolved, nevertheless, From the defire this Congress hath to 
promote union and to be considered as coming from a distinct or 
independent body, that, therefore, the matter contained in same 
(being such as is in the general agreeable to us), shall be duly con- 
sidered and attended to. 

By order of the Congress. 

A true copy from the Minutes. 

GEO. WALTON, Secretary. 



"Whereas, By the unrelenting fury of a despotick Ministry, and 
with a view to enforce the moft oppressive acts of a venal and cor- 
rupted Parliament, an army of mercenaries, under an unfeeling 
Commander, have actually begun a civil war in America. 

And Whereas, The apparent iniquity and cruelty of these ob- 
structive measures have however had this good efifect, to unite men 
of all ranks in the common caufe. 

And Whereas, To consult means of safety, and the method 
of obtaining redress, the good people of this province of Georgia 
have thought proper to appoint a Provincial Congress. The Del- 
egates met at the said Congress, now assembled from every part of 
the province, besides adopting the resolutions of the late Contin- 
ental Congress, find it prudent to enter into such other resolutions 
as may belt express their own senfe, and the senfe of their constit- 
uents, on the prefent unhappy situation of things, and therefore 
thought fit and necessary to resolve as follows: 

Resolved, That we were born free, have all the feelings of men, 
and are entitled to all the natural rights of mankind. 

Resolved, That by birth or incorporation we are all Britons, and 
whatever Britons may claim as their birthright is also ours. 

Resolved, That in the British Empire, to which we belong, the 
constitution is superior to every man, or set of men, whatever, and 
that it is a crime of the deepest dye in any instance to impair or 
take it away, or deprive the meanest subject of its benefits. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Provincial Congress. 11 

Resolved, That, that part of the American continent which we 
inhabit was originally granted by the Crown, and the charter ex- 
pressly from Charles the 2nd, makes its constitution dependence 
on the Crown only. 

Resolved, That those who now would subject all America, or 
this province, to dependency on the Crown and Parliament, are 
guilty of a very dangerous innovation which in time will appear as 
injurious to the Crown as it is inconsistent with the liberty of the 
American subject. 

Resolved, That by the law of nature and the British Constitution, 
no man can legally be deprived of his pi'operty without his consent, 
given by himself or his representative. 

Resolved, That the Acts of the British Parliament, for raising a 
perpetual revenue on the Americans, by laying a tax on them with- 
out their consent, and contrary to their protestations, are diamet- 
rically oppofite to every idea of property, to the spirit of the con- 
stitution, and at one stroke deprive this vast continent of all lib- 
erty and prosperity, and as such muft be detefted by every well 
wifher of Grreat Britain and America. 

Resolved, That the subsequent laws made with a view to enforce 
thefe acts, viz: the Boston Port Bill, and Alteration of their Char- 
ter, the Act to carry beyond Sea for Trial, and what refines upon 
every species of cruelty, the Fishery Bill, are of such a complexion 
that we can say nothing about them for want of words to express 
our abhorrence and detestation. 

Resolved, That the loyalty, patience and prudence of the inhab- 
itants of New England, under their unparalleled pressure, having 
been construed into timidity, and dread of regular troops, a civil 
war, in support of acts extremely oppressive in themselves, hath 
actually been begun, and that there is too much reafon to believe 
that plans have been in agitation big with everything horrible to 
other provinces, plans as rash, barbarous and destructive as the 
caufe which they were intended to serve. 

Resolved, That in thefe times of extreme danger, our Affembly 
not being permitted to sit, we muft have either been a people 
without all thought or council, or have affembled, as we now are, 
in Provincial Congress, to confult upon meafures which, under God, 
may prove the means of perpetual union with the Mother Country, 
and tend to the honour, freedom and safety of both. 

Resolved, That this province bears all true allegiance to our own 
rightful Sovereign, King George III, and always will, and ought to 
bear it agreeable to the eonftitution of Great Britain, by virtue of 



12 Proceedings of the Georgia Promncial Congress. 

which only the King is now our Sovereign, and which equally binds 
Majesty and Subjects. 

Resolved, That we are truly senfible how much our safety and 
happiness depends on a conftitutional connection with Great Brit- 
ain, and that nothing but the being deprived of the privileges and 
natural rights of Britons could ever make the thought of a separa- 
tion otherwise than intolerable. 

Resolved, That in cafe his Majefty, or his suceeffors, shall at any 
time hereafter, make any requifition to the good people of this 
province, by his Reprefentatives, it will be juft and right that such 
sums should be granted as the nature of the service may require, 
and the ability and situation of this province will admit of. 

Resolved, That this province join with the provinces of America 
now met by delegates in Continental Congress, and that John 
Houston and Archibald Bulloch, Efqs., the Rev. Dr. Zubly, Lyman 
Hall and Noble Wimberly Jones, Efqs., be the delegates from this 
province for that purpose. 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed whofe duty it shall be 
to see to it that the refolutions of the Continental and Provincial 
Congress be duly obferved, and that every perfon who shall act in 
oppofition thereto have his name tranfmitted to the Continental 
Congress, and his mifdeeds be publifhed in every American paper. 

Resolved, That with all such perfons, except the indifpenfable 
duties that we owe all mankind (bad men and enemies not ex- 
cepted), we will have no dealings nor connection, and we extend this 
our refolution alfo to all such perfons or corporations in Great 
Britain who has shown themfelves enemies to America. 

Resolved, That we will do what in us lies to preferve and pro- 
mote the peace and good order of this province ; and should any 
perfon become an innocent sufferer on account of thefe grievances, 
we will do whatever we juftly may for his relief and affiftance. 

Resolved, That in such calamitous times as the prefent every 
poffible indulgence ought to be given to honeft debtors; that it 
would be ungenerous (unless there appear intention of fraud) in 
any Gentleman of the Law to fee without previous notice, and any 
perfon so feed may apply to the Committee, and should it appear 
to them that the creditor is in no danger of lofing his money, or 
can be properly secured, they shall interpofe their friendly offices 
to perfuade him to drop the profecution, and every prosecutor that 
shall appear to take advantage of the confufion of the times to 
diftress his debtor, ought to be publickly pointed out and held in 
abhorenee. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Provincial Congress. 13 



Besolved, That notwithftanding in a late Bill for reftraining the 
trade of several provinces in America, this province is excepted. 
We declare that we look upon this exception rather as an insult 
than a favour, as being meant to break the union of provinces, and 
as being grounded on the suppofition that the inhabitants of such 
excepted province can be bafe enough to turn the oppreffion of 
America into a mean advantage. 

By order of the Congress, 

A true copy from the Minutes. 

GEORGE WALTON, Secretary. 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



GEORGIA COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, 3d November, 
1775. 

PRESENT : 

William Ewen, Joseph Clay. Edward Telfair. 

President. George Houstoun.* Geo. Walton. 

John Smith. Samuel Elbert. Wm. Le Conte. 

The President laid before the Board a letter from the 
Honorable Archibald Bulloch, John Houstoun and John 
Joachim Zubly,* three Continental Delegates at Phila- 
delphia, containing the resolution of the Continental 
Congress relative to the two cargoes of goods arrived in 
this Province after the 6th day of July and before the 
6th day of August last. 

Resolved, That the said resolution and letter be referred to the 
consideration of the General Committee. 

The President reported that he had paid to Philip Box 
and Wm. Gibbons, Esqrs., the Provincial Treasurers, 
the sum of eight hundred and four pounds ten shillings 
Stg., as per copies of their receipts annexed. 

Savannah, 19th Sept., 1775. 
Rec'd of Wm. Ewen, Esqr., President of the Council of Safety, 
five hundred and fifty-five shilling bills, being one hundred and 
thirty seven pounds 10s., which we promise to be accountable for 
when thereunto required. 

Philip Box. 
550.5s. £137 10s. Wm. GIBBONS. 

♦Afterwards joined the Royalists. 



16 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety on Monday, De- 
cember 11th, 1775. 

PRESENT. 
George Walton. Francis Henry Harris. John Smith. 

Edwd. Telfair. Oliver Bowen. Wm. Ewen. 

Stephen Drayton. Sainl. Elbert, John Martin. 

Ambrose Wright. 

The Council proceeded to the election of a President 
by ballot, when George Walton, Esqr., was found to be 
duly elected and took his seat accordingly. 

Mr. Edward Langworthy being proposed as Secretary, 
was unanimously elected and was also elected as Secre- 
tary to the General Committee. 

Resolved, That Edwd. Langworthy be allowed pounds per 

annum for the above service. 

Congress resolved that the Council of Safety 

for the payment of the Secretary to pay the doorkeeper 

and messenger during the sitting of Congress in 

this Board, in consideration the Secretary, do resolve 

paid to him for sum of ten pounds be paid the messenger 

and the sum of eight pounds the doorkeeper for their attendance 
on the late Congress. 

Ordered, that the President do write letters to the sev- 
eral persons elected to sit at this Board, who have not 
taken their seats, requiring that they do forthwith give 
their attendance. 

Ordered, that a committee be appointed to draw up 
rules and regulations for the direction of this Board, and 
that Mr. Drayton, Francis Henry Harris and Wm. Ewen 
be that committee. 

Resolved, That the Greneral Committee be requested to meet to- 
morrow morning at ten o'clock to proceed to the election of fit per- 
sons to supply the vacancies at this Board. 

Mr. Clay attended and declined taking his seat at this 
Board. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 17 

Mr. Drayton from the committee appointed to draw up rules, &c., 
for this Board 

Besolved, That the Council 

Monday on ten o'clock in 

Room. 

2d. That every member 

hour of adjournment 

an 

3d. That when the President takes the chair, each member shall 
take their seats, under a fine of two shillings and six pence. 

4th. No member shall speak on a subject, but by addressing 
himself to the President, uncovered and standing; that only one 
member shall be allowed to speak at a time ; that when two shall 
arise, the determination, who shall proceed, shall lye with the 
President. 

5th. No member, without leave first obained, shall attempt to 
speak in the same debate above twice. 

6th. That the President shall have power (notwithstanding the 
first resolve) to call the Council of Safety as often as the emergency 
of affairs may require, and that if the member, upon such extra- 
ordinary notice given for their attendance, shall neglect to attend, 
they shall be fined the sum of twenty shillings, without a reasona- 
ble excuse. 

7th. That no member shall be absent from the Council more than 
a week without first obtaining leave so to do. 

Besolved, That the foregoing be the standing Rules of this Board. 

In consequence of sundry applications, the President 
delivered commissions to the following gentlemen, viz, : 

Thomas Dowd, Third Lieutenant, dated December. 

James Galache, Second Lieutenant, dated 12th December. 
Andrew Maybank, Captain, dated 12th December. 
James Cochrane, First Lieutenant, dated 12th December. 
Moses May, Second Lieutenant, dated 12th December. 
Joseph Woodruffe, Captain, dated 12th December. 
John Morrison, First Lieutenant, 13th December. 
Jacob Blunt, Second Lieutenant, 13th December. 

Hezekiah Wade, Captain, dated December. 

Jeremiah Beale, First Lieutenant, dated December. 

Zephaniah Beale, Second Lieutenant, dated December. 

George Philips, Third Lieutenant, dated December. 

William Bugg, Senior Second Lieutenant, dated December 

Joshua Smith, Third Lieutenant, dated December. 

John Dooly, Captain, dated December. 

Thomas Dody, First Lieutenant, dated December. 



18 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 



MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 

George Walton. Edwd. Telfair. John Martin. 

"William Ewen. John Bohun Girardeau. Oliver BoAven. 

Stephen Drayton. John Smith. Ambrose Wright. 

Noble Wm. Jones. Jonathan Bryan. Samuel Elbert. 

Basil Cowper. * William Gibbons. Joseph Habersham. 

Francis Henry Harris. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, on Thursday- 
morning, December J 4th, 1775. 

PRESENT: 
George Walton. Francis H. Harris. Ambrose Wright. 

Saml. Elbert. William Ewen. Edwd. Telfair. 

Stephen Drayton. Oliver Bowen. 

Resolved, That the Messenger do summons the Members of the 
General Committee to meet to-morrow at three o'clock in the after- 
noon on special Business. 



At a special meeting of the Council of Safety on 
Saturday, December 16th, 1775. 

PRESENT. 

George Walton. Oliver Bowen. John Martin. 

Stephen Drayton. William Ewen. Ambrose Wright. 

Edwd. Telfair. William Gibbons. Saml. Elbert. 

Francis Henry Harris. 

A petition was laid before the Council of Safety, in 
behalf of' Capt. John Conyers and the Company he 
commanded ; setting forth, that he, with twenty-five 
Men, had marched to Augusta and there joined Capt. 
Elbert, that the petitioner with his men were at con- 
siderable expense and trouble; and therefore expected 
not only to be paid per diem, but also to be reimbursed 
such necessary expenses, etc. 

Resolved, That the said John Conyers and his men be paid at 
the rate of 4 shillings per diem, and likewise the expenses of the 
expedition. 

♦Aftewards j oined the Royalists. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 19 

The president presented an account of Ann Johnston 
for horse hire on the expedition to Augusta; ordered that 
the said Ann Johnston be paid forty shilhngs for the 
same. 

Dr. Jones, attending the Council of Safety, took his 
seat according to his election. 

The chairman of the General Committee informed 
the Board that the General Committee had met on yes- 
terday, and in pursuance of a resolution of Congress, 
and agreeable to the request from this Board, had pro- 
ceeded and elected Basil Cowper,* John Bohun Girardeau 
and William Gibbons, Esqrs., as members to sit in the 
Council of Safety in the room of William Le Conte, 
William Young* and Joseph Clay, who declined taking 
their seats. 

William Gibbons, Esq., attending the Council of 
Safety, and being informed of his election as a mem- 
ber of this Board, by the General Committee, took his 
seat accordingly. Basil Cowper, Esq.,* likewise at- 
tended and took his seat. 

Whereas, It has been impracticable to get the proceedings of the 
late Congress published, agreeable to their directions, and as the 
said Congress is to expire on the last day of this instant, and mem- 
bers to form a new Congress, to be chosen immediately thereafter, 
it is necessary that a few extracts from the said proceedings should 
be published, before the pamphlet can be printed, which will con- 
tain the most material part thereof. 

IN CONGRESS, DECEMBER 8th, 1Y75. 

Resolved, That this Congress do expire on the last day of the 
present month of December, and that the inhabitants of the several 
districts and parishes within this province, do proceed to the elec- 
tion of other delegates, to form and sit in a new Congress, between 
the first and twelfth days of January next; and that the persons so 
to be elected do meet and form a Provincial Congress at Savannah, 
or elsewhere, on the first day of June next, or sooner if the hon- 
orable the Council of Safety shall think it expedient to summon 
them. 

♦Afterwards Joined the Royalists. 



20 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Whereas, Some diflBculties may arise in electing the several mem- 
bers, in the several parishes and districts, who are to compose the 
next Provincial Congress, for the prevention thereof, it is 

Resolved, That the chairman of the several parochial and dis- 
trict committees do give public notice thereof for at least ten days 
before such election, and that all persons paying towards the gen- 
eral tax shall have power to vote, and that the delegates shall be 
freeholders in this province, and shall be chosen by ballot. 

Resolved, Also, that the mode of delegation recommended by the 
late Congress be adopted and signed by the electors of members to 
form and sit in the next Congress ; and also that all polls of election 
shall be open at ten o'clock in the morning and continue so till five 
in the afternoon, at which time, and not before, it shall be closed, 
or adjourned till next day; and that no poll shall be continued 
open longer than two days. 

Extracts from the minutes. 

Ed. Langworthy. 

It is therefore strongly recommended to the inhab- 
itants of the several districts and parishes within this 
Province to proceed to the election of members to form 
and sit in the next Congress, at the time and in the 
manner as are recommended by the last; and, in order 
that there may be no inadequate or clashing powers 
delegated to the elected: It is ordered that the Secretary 
do procure a sufficient number of the said forms of 
delegation to be printed and forthwith transmit them 
to the parochial and district committees. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, on Monday, De- 
cember 18th, 1Y75. 

PRESENT : 

George Walton. Noble Wimb. Jones. William Gribbons. 

Stephen Drayton. Jonathan Bryan. Edward Telfair. 

Basil Cowper.* William Ewen. Ambrose Wright. 

John Martin. Oliver Bowen. Samuel Elbert. 

The President presented to the Board a letter from the 
Council of Safety at Charlestown, which being read, it 

♦Royalist.. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 21 

was agreed to answer it by a deputation. Ordered that 
Mr. Cooper and Mr. Drayton be that deputation. 

Resolved, That Dr. Jones, Capt. Elbert and Captain Martin be a 
committee to draw up instructions for the deputies. 

The President presented an account of Cuthbert & 
Piatt for the supply of the Indians, £6 3s. 9d. Ordered 
that the said Cuthbert and Piatt be paid accordingly. 



At a special meeting of the Council of Safety on Tues- 
day, Deer. 19th, 17Y5. 

PRESENT : 

George Walton. Noble W. Jones. Oliver Bo wen. 

William Ewen. Francis H. Harris. Edwd. Telfair. 

Stephen Drayton. Archibald Bulloch. Ambrose Wright. 

Basil Cowper.* Samuel Elbert. Jonathan Bryan. 

John Martin. William Gibbons. John Joachim Zubly.* 

Resolved, That the General Committee be requested and directed 
to emit and lodge in the Treasury the sum of twenty -five hundred 
pounds for the necessary service and defence of this Province ; and 
that the Chairman of the said committee do produce to this Board 
the Treasurer's receipts for the same as soon as possible. 

A motion was made and seconded to reconsider the 
letter received from the Council of Safety at Charles- 
town, whether it shall be answered by a letter or dep- 
utation. 

Mr. Cooper declined going to Charlestown as a dep- 
uty; Mr. Ewen was appointed in his room. 

Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., laid before the Board the 
following resolution of the Continental Congress. 

In Congress, INovb. 4th, 1775. 
Resolved, That for the defence of the Colony of Georgia there be 
one battalion kept up there at the Continental expence, to be com- 
posed as the battalion for the defence of CaroUna, viz: To consist 
of 728 men, officers included. This to be divided into 8 companies, 
each company to consist of one Captain, two Lieutenants, one En- 

*Royalist. 



8S Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 



sign, 4 Sergeants, 4 Corporals, two drums or fifes and seventy-six 


privates. 




The pay of Colonel, 


50 dollars p. calender month. 


Lieutenant Col., 


40 ditto p. do 


Major, 


33J ditto p. do 


Captain. 


26f 


Lieutenant, 


18 


Ensign, 


13i 


Sergeant, 


8 


Corporal, 


7i 


Fife and Drum, 


7i 


Private, 


H 


Adjutant, 


18i 


Quarter Master, 


18i 


Chaplain, 


20 



Resolved. That the above resolution be taken under consider- 
ation on Tuesday, the 2nd January, 1776. 

The Council adjourned to to-morrow morning 9 
o'clock. 



Wednesday, Decemr 20th, 1YY5. 
The Council of Safety met according to adjournment. 

PRESENT : 
Geo. Walton, Stephen Drayton. Archibald Bulloch. 

President. Ambrose Wright. Oliver Bowen. 

Samuel Elbert. John Martin. Edwd. Telfair. 

Noble Wimb. Jones. 

Mr. Girardeau attended the Council, took his seat. 

The Board being informed that the Chief Justice had 
made a rule of Court, whereby every attorney who shall 
pay obedience to the regulations of the late Congress, in 
respect to law proceedings, should be struck off the roll. 

The Board deeming such proceeding by the Chief 
Justice, not only highly derogatory to the authority of 
Congress, but arbitrary and illegal in respect to the 
attorneys. 

Ordered, that Mr. Bowen and Mr. Girardeau be a com- 
mittee to search the Prothonotary's office if any such 
rule is filed therein. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 23 

Mr. Bowen and Mr. Girardeau having searched the 
Prothonotary's office, reported that no such rule is filed 
therein. 

Resolved, That the chairman of the General Committee be re- 
quested to call a meeting of the same, this afternoon at 4 o'clock, 
the Board having particular business to lay before them. 

Resolved, That the members to be elected to form and sit in the 
next Congress be summoned to meet at Savannah on the 20th of 
January next, to form the same, in order that the proceedings of 
the Continental Congress may be laid before them. 

Ordered, That the President do write to the committees for the 
several districts and parishes within the Province, acquainting 
them therewith. 

Resolved, That the President be empowered to hire expresses to 
communicate the same. 

Adjourned to to-morrow morning nine o'clock. 



Thursday, December 21st, 1Y75. 
The Council met according to adjournment. 
present: 

George Walton, Noble Wimb. Jones. Oliver Bowen. 

President, Edward Telfair. John Martin. 

Basil Cowper.* Ambrose Wright. Samuel Elbert. 

Wm. Gibbons. 

Resolved, That all military oflBcers of the First Regiment, acting 
uuder authority of Congress, be required to do patrol duty during 
the Christmas holidays, agreeable to the directions of the Acts of 
Assembly. 

Ordered, that the President do forthwith write to the 
Captains of the First Regiment, acquainting them with 
the foregoing resolution. 



At a special meeting of the Council of Safety on Sun- 
day, Dec. 24th, ITTS. 



•Royalist. 



24. Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

PRESENT: 

George Walton. John Smith. Oliver Bowen. 

Edwd. Telfair. Wm. Gibbons. Basil Cowper.* 

Saml. Elbert. Francis Henry Harris. John Martin. 

The President laid before the Board a letter from John 
Wereat, Esq., informing that several vessels are loading 
vfiih. lumber up Sapelo and other rivers at the south- 
ward, with palpable intention of supplying the West 
India markets, contrary to the restraints of Congress. 
The Board taking the said letter into consideration, re- 
solved that the committees for the southern parishes be 
required to take effectual measures to prevent such 
wicked and daring attempts. Ordered, that the men 
employed and the necessary charges and expenses at- 
tending the same be paid by the public. Ordered, that 
the President do write to the southern parishes, ac- 
quainting them therewith. 



At a special meeting of the Council of Safety on Wed- 
nesday, December 27th, 1775. 

PRESENT: 

George Walton. Oliver Bowen. John Smith. 

Edwd. Telfair. Samuel Elbert. William Gibbons, 

Francis Henry Harris. Basil Cowper.* Archibald Bulloch. 

Joseph Habersham, Esq., attended on this Board and 
took his seat. A motion was made and seconded that 
a committee be appointed to propose some expedients 
for supplying the Province with arms and ammunition, 
and that they make their report on Friday next, which 
being agreed to, it was ordered that Capt. Elbert, Mr. 
Oliver Bowen, Mr. Edward Telfair, Mr. Joseph Haber- 
sham and Mr. Basil Cowper be a committee for that 
purpose. 

Adjourned to Friday morning 10 o'clock. 

♦Royalist. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 25 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety on Tuesday, 
Jan. 2, 1776. 

present: 

George Walton. William Gibbons. Joseph Habersham. 

Archibald Bulloch. Samuel Elbert. Francis Henry Harris. 

John Martin. Basil Cowper.* Ambrose Wright. 

John Bohun Girardeau. 

Captain William Manson* presented to this Board a 
petition setting forth that since his arrival from Great 
Britain several of his indented servants had been enticed 
from him and enlisted into the provincial service of 
South Carolina, to his great loss and damage. 

That a number of armed men, among whom were 
some of the recruits belonging to Captain Spencer, and 
four of his indented servants, violently attacked his 
house, pulled down his fence, and would have proceeded 
to further violence if not prevented by people in the 
house; that he was necessitated to take two of the above 
mentioned servants into custody; that conceiving his 
person and property to be in imminent danger, puts 
himself under the protection of this Board, &c. 

The Board having taken the premises into consider- 
ation issued the following order. 

GEORGIA. 
In the Council of Safety, 

Savannah, 2d January, 1776. 

To Mr. John Spencer, a recruiting officer, acting under the author- 
ity of the Council of Safety of the Province of South Carolina, 
and under the protection of this Board : 
It appears to this Board that you have enlisted four indented 
servants of Capt. Wm. Manson, who has lately brought over from 
England a number of tradesmen and others to settle in the frontier 
parts of this Province, at a very considerable expense; and, as we 
deem the enlisting of men in that situation not warranted by the 
regulations of the honorable Continental Congress, we require that 
you forthwith either surrender the men so enlisted, receiving back 

♦Royalist. 



S6 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

their enlisting money, or pay the expenses of indenting and bring- 
ing them to America. 

The Board further injoins. that Mr. Spencer will use his utmost 
endeavours to prevent any outrage to Capt. Manson, his people, 
or property, or any other person in this Province, by any of his 
men. 

Mr, Spencer declaring that he could not surrender up 
Capt. Hanson's servants, the following order was imme- 
diately issued. 

To Lieutenants Beth John CutJibert and William Moore : 

You are hereby ordered and required forthwith to arm and array 
a sufiicient number of men belonging to the companies to which 
you respectively belong, and to rescue from Mr. John Spencer the 
following persons, viz : 

William Budge, Francis Wallace, Thomas Pui*dy and John Doug- 
lass, being indented servants to Captain William Manson, and by 
him enlisted contrary to the regulations of the Continental Con- 
gress ; which men you are to deliver to Capt. Manson. 

By order of the Council of Safety. 

Geo. Walton, President. 

2d January, 1776. 

The committee appointed to propose expedients for 
supplying the Province with arms and ammunition 
brought in their report, which the Board proceeded to 
consider and came to the following resolutions. 

Whereas, It has been resolved by the Continental Congress, 
that for the better furnishing these Colonies with the necessary 
means of defending their rights, eveiy vessel importing gunpowder, 
saltpetre, sulphur, provided they bring with the sulphur four times 
as much saltpetre, brass field pieces or good muskets fitted with 
bayonets, within nine months from the date of this resolution, 
shall be permitted to load and export the produce of these Col- 
onies, to the value of such powder and stores aforesaid, the non- 
exportation agreement notwithstanding. 

Resolved. Therefore, that a sum of money be provided for the 
purpose of obtaining arms and ammunition for this Province. 

Resolved. That Saml. Elbert, Edwd. Telfair and Joseph Haber- 
sham be a committee to agree with a proper person to undertake 
to supply this Province with arms and ammunition. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 27 

Resolved, That such person shall have power to draw on the 
said committee for the sum necessary to be paid for such arms and 
ammunition, who are empowered and required to accept the same 
upon the faith of the public of this Province. 

Resolved, That the holder of any such bills may send any vessel 
or vessels to any port of this Province, which shall be permitted to 
load and carry off any produce of this Province to the amount 
thereof. 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the committee to contract 
for the supply of 400 stand of arms, with bayonets, as nearly to the 
size recommended by the Continental Congress as possible, 20,000 
lbs. of gunpowder, 60,000 lbs. of ball, bullets, bar lead, grape, swan 
and goose shot, properly proportioned. 

Resolved, That all the military stores at the Fort of Frederica be 
immediately secured and lodged in some place of security. 

Resolved, That the President be empowered to issue orders by 
authority of the Board to some person willing to undertake the 
same. 

Resolved, That the expense attending the taking and securing 
such stores be paid by the public of this Province. 

Adjourned to five o'clock p. m. 



At a Special Meeting of the Council of Safety, Sun- 
day, January 7th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

George Walton. Samuel Elbert. William Gibbons. 

Stephen Drayton. Ambrose Wright. Button Gwinnett. 

Archibald Bulloch. Jonathan Bryan. Francis Henry Harris. 

Edward Telfair. Joseph Habersham. John Martin. 

The President informed the Board, that in consequence 
of information received from the secret committee, in- 
forming that two ships of war and one transport had 
sailed from Rebellion Road, which, there was good rea- 
son to believe, were destined to this Province, in order 
perhaps to plunder it of live stock, &c., or to support the 
merchants in the exportation of produce contrary to the 
Continental restraints. That in consequence of this in- 
formation he looked over the list of names of the mem- 



S8 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

bers of the Council of Safety and found there would be 
difficulty in getting a Board, and fearing the public 
safety would be endangered by a delay, and therefore 
issued the following orders. 

Orders to David Zubly* John Stirk, &c., &g. 

It is deemed necessary for the public safety, that a part of the 
militia should be draughted to do duty at and about the Town of 
Savannah. You are therefore ordered and required immediately 
to draught one-third of the men in your company and to march 
them to Savannah by 12 o'clock to-morrow, with their arms and 
accoutrements and lodging apparel ; for which the officers and men 
will be paid agreeable to a resolve of Congress. 

Geo. WALTOisr, 
President of the Council of Safety. 

The Board, highly approving of the conduct of the 
President, do resolve that the foregoing orders be valid, 
as if particularly directed by the Board. 

Mr. Drayton represented that he was ready to make 
the report of his deputation to Charlestown, when the 
Board thought it proper to defer it till to-morrow 
morning. 

A motion was made and seconded that officers be ap- 
pointed to command the militia ordered upon duty by 
the President. 

Resolved, That Samuel Elbert, Esqiure, be Colonel and Chief in 
Command, Stephen Drayton, Esquire, Lieutenant Colonel and 
Second in Command, and Joseph Habersham, Esqiure, Major and 
Third in Command, and that the President be empowered to issue 
and sign commissions for them. 

Resolved, That sufficient number of small craft be forthwith sent 
down to Cockspur to lighten the Ship Inverny, McKenzie, Master, 
now riding in the road there, in order that the ship may be brought 
up to Savannah. 

Resolved, That it be given in charge to the commanding officer 
at (Cockspur, to use his utmost endeavours to effect this purpose, 
and in case he shall find it impracticable and that the vessel and 
cargo must otherwise fall into the hands of our enemies, that then 

♦Royalist. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 29 

and not till then, in order to prevent the same, he shall have power 
to scuttle her. 

Resolved, also, That it be further given in charge to the said 
oflScer to put the ship as soon under way as possible, and that he 
uses the utmost dispatch in bringing her and her cargo up to Sa- 
vannah. 

Resolved, That the President do commissionate Peter Bard and 
William O'Bryan, Gentlemen, for this purpose. 

Resolved, That the commanding officer at Savannah, for the time 
being, have power to restrain any Crown officer from going without 
the limits of Savannah, if he should deem it expedient. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Monday, Jan. 
8th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

George Walton. Samuel Elbert. Button Gwinnet. 

William Ewen, William Gibbons. Stephen Drayton. 

Edwd. Telfair John Bohun Girardeau. Ambrose Wright. 

Noble Wmb. Jones. Francis Henry Harris. Archibald Bulloch. 
Jonathan Bryan. 

A letter was presented to the Board respecting some 
disturbances that have lately happened between an In- 
dian and some white people. 

Resolved, therefore, That the President do write to the several 
committees bordering upon the Indian countries and direct them to 
apprehend any white person who shall molest or disturb any Indian 
amity with this Province. 

Stephen Drayton and William Ewen, Esquires, dep- 
uties appointed by this Board to make a representation 
of the state of this Province to the Council of Safety in 
South Carolina, and to confer with them on the subject 
of exportation, having returned, attended and made 
their report. 

Resolved, That no rice shall be exported from this Province after 
this day, until the first day of March next, except such as was 
shipped previous to the arrival of the prohibition by the Contin- 
ental Congress, and not then, without permission by this Board. 



30 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Resolved, That the General Committee be required to issue and 
lodge in the Treasury one thousand pounds over and above the 
last requisition; and that it be recommended to the chairman to 
use his utmost endeavour to expedite the same. 

Resolved, That Levi Sheftal* be commissary, as appointed by the 
President, to provide necessaries for the several companies of men 
that are ordered out upon duty at and about Savannah. 

A petition was presented to the Board by William 
Panton, setting forth that he had purchased goods, &c., 
belonging to Kellsall & Co., together with the goods and 
gunpowder intended for the Indian trade, and that he 
desired to receive his proportion of the same; that he 
has a sloop now stopped by the Parochial Committee in 
this harbour, on board of which he has shipped a small 
quantity of rice, rum, salt, strands, <Sr.c., that he there- 
fore prays that this Board will order him his proportion 
of the said gunpowder and permit his sloop immediately 
to depart with the same together with the other articles. 

The Board, taking the premises into consideration, 
resolved that, consistent with the public safety, they 
could not spare him any powder and that they could 
not permit him to carry any produce to Florida. 

Ordered that the President do inform him of the 
same. 

Resolved, That the President do write to the Council of Safety 
in Carolina and represent the particular circumstances of the ves- 
sel and cargo lately taken and carried to Beaufort by their order; 
and that he request that the same may be returned to this Prov- 
ince; and that he pledge the faith of the Province that she shall 
not sail with her cargo contrary to the Laws of Congress. 

Resolved, That the President do issue his warrant to the com- 
manding oflflcer at Cockspur, commanding him to take the body of 
Captain "William Colviile and bring him before this Board, or, in 
case of its recess, deliver him to the commanding officer in Sa- 
vannah. 

Resolved, That the President do write to the committee for the 
Parish of Saint John, requiring that they use the utmost vigilance 
in watching the motions of the pilots for the harbour of Sunbury; 

♦Afterwards a Royalist. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 31 



and that, in particular, they send for Captain William Lyford, and 
question him as to his piloting into any port in this Province any 
ship or vessel of war of our enemies, and that they take such steps 
with him, if he appears inimical to the common interest, as will be 
a suflBcient security against his aiding our enemies. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Jan. 8th, 
1776, p. m. 

PRESENT : 

Greorge Walton. John Martin. Archibald Bulloch. 

Stephen Drayton. Edward Telfair. John Bohun Girardeau. 

William Ewen. Francis Henry Harris. William Gibbons. 

Jonathan Bryan. Samuel Elbert. Ambrose Wright. 

Mr. Baker, from Saint John's Parish, presented to the 
Board a return and election of officers to command a 
company of riflemen, and recommended John Baker, 
Esqr., as Captain, Mr. John Bacon, Senr., as First Lieu- 
tenant, Mr. William Baker, Senr., as Second Lieuten- 
ant and Mr. Thomas Bacon as Third Lieutenant of same. 

Ordered, that commissions be made out for the above 
gentlemen accordingly. 

Resolved, That houses of all overseers and negroes throughout 
the Province, together with those on the plantations in South Car- 
olina, bordering upon Savannah River, below Purisburgh, be 
forthwith searched, and all guns and ammunition (except one gun 
and thirteen cartridges for each overseer) which shall be found 
therein, shall be taken and lodged in the hands of the committee 
for the several Parishes and Districts. 

Ordered, That the commanding oflBcer at Savannah be directed 
to send a party of men to search the said plantations in South Car- 
olina and to have the guns and ammunition, which they shall find 
and take therein, lodged in the public store in Savannah. 

Resolved, That the President do write to the Council of Safety 
in South Carolina, and represent the necessity that obliged this 
Board to order their plantations to be searched. 



SS Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Jan. 9th, 17Y6. 

PRESENT : 
George Walton. John Martin. William Ewen. 

William Gibbons. Stephen Drayton. Joseph Habersham. 
Noble Wimb. Jones. Archibald Bulloch. Ambrose Wright. 
Edwd. Telfair. Jonathan Bryan. 

A motion was made and seconded that the letters 
from the Continental Delegates be read, which was or- 
dered accordingly. 

Wm. Baker, one of the officers of Saint John's Eifle 
Men, represented to the Board that many of the men 
were in want of powder and therefore applied for same. 
Ordered that 25 lb. wt. be delivered unto him. 

The following resolves of the Continental Congress 
were received enclosed in the letters from our delegates. 

In Congress, Octo. 6th, 1775. 
On motion made : 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the several Provincial As- 
semblies or Conventions and Councils or Committees of Safety, to 
arrest and secure every person in their respective Colonies, whose 
going at large may in their opinion endanger the safety of the Col- 
ony or the liberties of America. 
A true copy from the Minutes. 

Charles Thomas, Sec. 

In Congress. Thursday, 26th, 1775. 
Resolved, That it be recommended to the several Provincial As- 
semblies, Conventions or Councils of Safety of the United Colonies, 
to export to the foreign West Indies, on account of risque of their 
respective Colonies, as much provision or any other produce except 
horned cattle, sheep, hogs and poultry, as they may deem necessary 
for the importation of arms, ammunition, sulphur and saltpetre. 

Ordered, That a copy of the above be transmitted by the Del- 
egates to their respective Assemblies, Conventions or Committees 
of Safety. 

A true copy. 

Charles Thompson, Secy. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. S3 

The President having informed the Board that, from 
the accounts received, informing that ships of war were 
destined to this coast, he had issued orders to remove 
the cannon from the Island of Cockspur. 

Resolved, That this Board do approve of the said orders, and that 
the President do issue further orders for collecting and cleaning 
the cannon in and about the Town of Savannah, and that the 
commanding oflBcer be appointed to do the same, 

Mr. John EUiott, from the Parish of Saint John, pre- 
sented to the Board a return of an election of officers for 
a company of Rangers, and recommended James Scriv- 
en, Esqr., as Capt., Mr. Dan'l Roberts as First Lieuten- 
ant, Mr. John Scriven as Second Lieutenant, and Mr. 
John Elliott as Third Lieutenant. Ordered that com- 
missions be made out accordingly. 

[Extract of a Letter from the Honorable Henry Laurens. Esqr., President of 
tlie Council of Safety for South Carolina, to Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., dated 
2nd January, 1776.] 

But, Sir, my principal business at present, for otherwise I should 
not have troubled you before Mr. Drayton's return, is to inform 
you that the Tamar, Cherokee, Sandwich Packet and an Armed 
Schooner made sail this morning in Rebellion Road and attempted 
to go over the bar, but the wind failing they are all come to 
anchor again, From undoubted intelligence we learn they are in- 
tended for your river in order to obtain provisions (of bread par- 
ticularly) which, since the practice of harbouring and protecting 
our negroes on board the Cherokee, we have refused to supply 
them with. Perhaps, too, there may be a concerted plan between 
the two Great Men for covering the loading of all the ships, which 
now are and which may come into your river, for overawing the 
friends of liberty and for giving energy to the projects of our 
enemies, in award for every mischievous and no good purpose 
towards the former. These will receive the warning, enquire what 
quantity of bread and flour, beef and pork is in the Town and act 
a part, we hope, that will do them honor, 

I have the honor, &c., 

Henry Laurens. 



34 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Friday, Jan- 
uary 12th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

George "Walton. Edward Telfair. Ambrose Wright. 

Samuel Elbert. Joseph Habersham. Archibald Bulloch. 

Stephen Drayton. John Martin. William Ewen. 
William Gibbons. 

The President laid before the Board a letter from Luke 
Mann, Esquire, which, among other things, informed of 
the election of officers for a company of men in the 
Upper District of Saint Philip, and recommended Luke 
Mann as Captain, Israel Bird, First Lieutenant, Frederic 
Rester, Second Lieutenant, and Joshua Stafford, Third 
Lieutenant. Ordered that commissions be made out 
and sent to them accordingly. 

Capt. James Goldwire and Lieutenant Richard Scruggs 
attended the Board and represented that they had re- 
ceived the orders of the President, commanding Capt. 
Goldwire to make a draught of one third of the com- 
pany and to march them down to Savannah; that in 
consequence of these orders, they draughted one third 
of the company and assembled them and ordered them 
forthwith to march to Savannah, and that not only 
every man draughted, but every man in the whole com- 
pany, except William King, absolutely refused obeying 
the said orders, whereby they could not comply with 
them. 

They also represented that they had often heard James 
Pace, tavern keeper, and John Hall, planter, declare 
that they were King's men, and that all the men in the 
Congress and Council of Safety were Rebels; and that 
they would oppose all their measures and that they were 
welcome to try it when they pleased. They further ob- 
served that James Pace and John Hall excited the men 
of the said company to disobedience by their means and 
prevented some of them from coming to town and that 
they were of opinion that unless some immediate steps 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 35 

are taken they will certainly do great harm to the pub- 
lic, and they also considered themselves in personal 
danger from the said James Pace and John Hall, if they 
were suffered to go at large; therefore, 

Resolved, That James Pace, of the Parish of Saint Matthew, tav- 
ern keeper, and John Hall, of the same place, are inimical to the 
liberties of America ; and that the public safety is endangered by 
their going at large. 

Resolved, therefore, That Colonel Drayton be appointed to com- 
mand the militia of the Parishes of Saint Matthew, Saint George 
and Saint Paul ; and that as soon as he can assemble a suflBcient 
force, he shall arrest and take the said James Pace and John Hall 
and bring them to Savannah ; and that he shall suppress and dis- 
perse by force all and every person who shall appear in arms 
in opposition to the measures of Congress, or who shall declare 
against the liberties of America. 

Resolved, That Edwd. Telfair, Esquire, be appointed to go with 
and to aid and assist Colonel Drayton in the measures necessary to 
be pursued in order to the execution of the foregoing resolutions. 

Resolved, That all the oflQcers and men in the Parishes aforesaid 
are bound to pay obedience to the orders which may be issued by 
Colonel Drayton, and that neglect or disobedience shall be pun- 
ished agreeable to the Regulations of Congress. 

Resolved, That the militia shall be paid at the rates that were 
allowed to the militia called out to suppress the insurgents in 
South Carolina, and that they draw rations in the same manner 
while employed in this service. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Jan. 13th, 
1776. 

PRESENT : 

George Walton. Edwd. Telfair. John Martin. 

Noble Wimb. Jones. Ambrose Wright. William Gibbons. 

Archibald Bulloch. Basil Cowper.* Stephen Drayton. 

Samuel Elbert. William Ewen. John Smith. 

A motion was made and seconded, that a committee 
be appointed to wait on the Reverend Mr. Piercy, to re- 
quest him to preach a sermon on Monday the 22d in- 
stant, at the opening of the Congress. 

♦Royalist. 



36 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Ordered, that Archibald Bulloch, Esqr,, and Colonel 
Elbert be a Committee for that purpose. 

Mr. Bulloch, applied to the Board in behalf of the 
inhabitants of the Sea Islands for leave to form a 
separate and distinct company; Resolved, that they have 
leave so to do. 

Ordered that they meet at Skidaway Landing on the 
Island of Skidaway on Friday the 19th of this instant 
to elect officers to command the said company agreeable 
to a Resolve of Congress. 

The President sent a letter to the Council of Safety 
for South Carolina, informing them of the arrival of the 
Tamar off Tybee Light house and that the other vessels 
were in the Offing, and had fired several guns, but 
whether from the haziness of the weather, or their be- 
ing in distress, we could not be certain. 

Adjourned till Monday morning. 



At a Council of Safety at Mrs. Tondee's, January 

16th, me. 

present: 

George Walton. William Ewen. Edward Telfair. 

Stephen Drayton. Francis Harris. Basil Cowper.* 

Samuel Elbert. Ambrose Wright. Joseph Habersham. 

Archibald Bulloch. John Smith. William Gibbons. 

Whereas, It appears to the Board, that the inhabitants of the 
District of Great Ogeeche, in the Parish of Saint Matthew, were pre- 
vented from proceeding to the election of a Delegate to represent 
them in the next Congress by being obliged to obey the orders of 
this Board in draughting a third of them to come to Savannah, the 
Board, therefore, and in order that the said inhabitants may be 
represented, do hereby require the said inhabitants to proceed to 
the election and delegation of a person to represent them in the 
next Congress, the twelfth day of this instant being elapsed not- 
withstanding. 

*Royalist. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 37 

Resolved, That it shall be considered as an offense in any person, 
who shall idly fire a gun in the Town or Common of Savannah ; 
and the commanding officer for the day shall have power to take 
the arms of any such person and detain them until he shall be as- 
sured that such person will not repeat the like offense. 

Resolved, That Col. Drayton recommend it to the Committee for 
the Parish of St. Matthew to advertise a meeting of the inhabi- 
tants resident near Tuckisaw-Kings, being within the District of 
Capt. Goldwire's company of Militia, and to require them to pro- 
ceed to the election and delegation of a fit person to represent 
them in the next Congress. 

Ordered, that Capts. Howell and Chisolm do attend 
Col. Drayton on the expedition to the Back Country 
with the detachments under their command. 

John Houstoun, Esqr., attended on the Board, and 
took his seat. 

Whereas, The inhabitants of the Lower District in the Parish 
of Saint Philip have not applied to this Board for commissions for 
any officers to command them. These are, therefore, to order and 
require the said inhabitants to proceed to the election of one Cap- 
tain and three Lieutenants for that purpose. 

A motion was made, seconded and agreed to, that a 
committee be appointed to examine the printer's office, 
to see whether there was not something to be published 
this week, that might endanger the public safety. 

Ordered, that Major Habersham and Capt. Harris be 
that committee. 

Capt. Wells presented to the Board an account against 
the public for moving a quantity of ammunition from 
Savannah to Ebenezer, and for removing Capt. McKen- 
zie's ship from the Road of Cockspur to Savannah, and 
the expense attending the same amounting in the whole 
to £16, 10s, 9d, which passed and was ordered to be 
paid. 

Resolved, That the Militia now upon duty be paid the sum of 
one shilling and six pence p. diem to each man. 



88 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

At a special meeting of the Council of Safety Jan. 
16th, OT6, p. m. 

present: 
George Walton. Basil Cowper.* William Ewen. 

Archibald Bulloch. Ambrose Wright. Joseph Habersham. 

John Houstoun. Samuel Elbert. Francis Harris. 

Resolved, That the President issue orders to Joseph Rice, that 
he immediately go down to Capt. Stirk, in the schooner on Provin- 
cial service, now on her way to Savannah, and that he take with 
him the Riflemen from Saint John's, and that when on board they 
act in obedience to the directions of Capt. Stu'k. 

Ordered, that Col. Elbert be made acquainted with 
the foregoing Resolution and that he be desired to send 
an officer with a detachment of men to keep a lookout 
at Causton's Bluff, and to give the earliest information 
to this Board, of any boats which may be sent from the 
men of war. 



At a special meeting of the Council of Safety Jan. 
18th, 1776, p. m. 

PRESENT: 

George Walton. Archibald Bulloch. Samuel Elbert. 

Joseph Habersham. Ambrose Wright. William Ewen. 

John Martin. John Houstoun. Francis Harris. 

Resolved, That the persons of his Excellency, Sir James Wright, 
Baronet, and of John Mulryne, Josiah Tattnall and Anthony 
Stokes, Esqrs., be forthwith arrested and secured and that all non- 
associates be forthwith disarmed, except those, who will give their 
parole, assuring that they will not aid, assist or comfort any of the 
persons on board his Majesty's ships of war, or take up arms 
against America in the present unhappy dispute. 

Resolved, That the commanding officer do secure the Governor, 
and Council till further orders from this Board. 

ORDERS. 
To Col. Drayton and Edwd. Telfair, Esqr. 

You are hereby required forthwith to order a draught of at 
least one-third of the Militia within the Parishes over which we 
♦Royalist. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 



39 



have delegated to you our power ; and to have them immediately 
marched to Savannah, together with every other person, who may 
choose to come down as a volunteer and that you inform the per- 
sons so draughted and voluntarily coming down, they shall be paid 
the sum of one shilling and six pence to each for every day, in 
which they shall be employed on this service. These orders are 
not directly to militate with your expedition, but we particularly 
recommend it to you, to finish the business of that as soon as 
possible. 

By Order of the Council of Safety. 

Geo. Walton, President. 



At a special meeting of the Council of Safety Jan. 



18th, at 11 o'clock at night, 17Y6. 

present: 

George Walton. Noble Wimb. Jones. 
Wm. Gibbons. Francis Henry Harris. 

Basil Cowper.* Saml. Elbert. 

Joseph Habersham. 



Ambrose Wright. 
Archibald Bulloch. 
John Houstoun. 



Resolved, That the Members of his Majesty's Council be per- 
mitted to go to their respective homes upon their parole assuring 
that they will attend his Excellency the Governor's house, at nine 
o'clock to-morrow morning and there consider themselves as in 
their present condition, and upon his Excellency the Governor, 
giving assurance to Major Habersham, that the peace of the town 
shall not be disturbed by any persons from the ships of war. 

Ordered, that Mr. Cooper and Dr. Jones attend Major 
Habersham to his Excellency the Governor, with the 
foregoing resolution. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Jan. 19th, 
1T76. 



Geo. Walton. 
Francis Harris. 
Noble Wimbl. Jones. 
Basil Cowper.* 



PRESENT : 
Joseph Habersham. 
Ambrose Wright. 
Archibald Bulloch. 
Wm. Gibbons. 
John Smith. 



Sam'l Elbert. 
John Girardeau. 
William Ewen. 
John Houstoun. 



♦Afterwards a Royalist. 



^O Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Resolved, That his Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, his 
Majesty's Council, and the Crown OfBcers in general, be enjoined 
upon their parole of honor not to go out of the Town, or hold any 
correspondence with any of the oflScers or others on board the 
ships of war now at Tybee, without permission of this Board, and 
that should either or any of them refuse to give such parole, such 
person or persons shall immediately be arrested and confined 
under guard. 

Resolved, That John Mulryne and Josiah Tattnall, Esquires, 
arrested by order of this Board, be also enjoined, upon their parole 
of honor, to the like effect. 

Resolved, That in case any ships or boats of war should appear, 
or land in or near Town, before the resolution of Congress in 
regard to the said ships of war can be entered into, and published, 
that then the persons aforesaid shall be immediately removed to 
and confined in the country. 

Ordered, that Mr. Smith and Mr. Gibbons do wait on 
them with a copy of the foregoing resolutions. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Jan. 19th, 1TY6, 
p. m. , 

PRESENT : 
George Walton. Noble Wimb. Jones. William Ewen. 

Samuel Elbert. John Smith. Francis Henry Harris. 

Basil Cowper.* John Houstoun. William Gibbons. 

John Bohun Girardeau. 

Mr. Smith and Mr. Gibbons reported that they had 
served his Excellency the Governor and his Majesty's 
Council with the Resolution entered into this morning, 
and that they requested to furnish them with a copy 
thereof, which accordingly they did. 

Capt. Harris informed the Board that in pursuance of 
a Resolution of the same, he had arrested and had now 
in custody the body of John Mulryne, Esqr., whereupon 
Mr. Cowper and Mr. Girardeau were ordered to require 
his parole of honor, which he pledged in the following 
manner: That he will not aid, assist or comfort the 

♦Royalist. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 41 

officers or others on board his Majesty's ships of war, 
now in this Province, by holding any intercourse or cor- 
respondence with them ; that he will not supply them 
with any provisions whatsoever, and that he will not 
take up arms against America on the present unhappy 
contest with the mother country. 

Ordered, that Capt. Harris serve Col. Mulryne with a 
copy of the above ; which he having done the Colonel 
assured him, on his honor, that he would strictly abide 
by the same. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Feb. 20th, IYT6. 

PRESENT : 

Archibald Bulloch. William LeConte. Edward Telfair. 

Ambrose Wright. William O'Brien. George Walton. 

Joseph Clay. William Ewen. John Girardeau. 

Benjamin Andrew. 

"^ The Council proceeded to the election of a President, 
when Elisha Butler, Esqr., was found to be unani- 
mously elected. 

Ordered, that the Secretary do immediately write to 
him, to require his attendance accordingly. 

Mr. William Ewen took the chair pro tempore in the 
room of Elisha Butler, Esq. 

Messrs. Joseph Clay and John Smith declined taking 
their seats. 

Resolved, That Mr. Archibald Bulloch, Mr. George Walton and 
Mr. William LeConte be appointed a committee to enquire into 
the cause of the discontent among the Country Militia now in 
Town. 

Mr. John Martin and Mr. John Stirk were elected 
members of this Board, in the room of Messrs. Clay and 
Smith. 



Jfi Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Feb. 21st, 1Y76. 

PRESENT : 
Wm. Ewen, Prest. John Martin. Archibald Bulloch. 

John Girardeau. Benjamin Andrew. Wm. LeConte. 

George Walton. William O'Brien. John Houstoun. 

Ambrose Wright. John Stirk. 

The Hon. James Edward Powell, Esqr., attended on 
this Board, and delivered two letters from Capt. Barclay 
and Gov. Wright, which are as follows: 

Scarborough at Cockspur, Feb. 19th, 1776. 

Sir: — Yesterday I received yours enclosing a letter from the 
Congress to the gentlemen of the Council in answer to what I 
wrote them, and desired might be communicated to the Congress 
and people in general. This letter I cannot consider as an answer 
to mine, as they have not taken any notice of the most serious 
part, with respect to themselves and the Province ; but if they will 
not be their own friends, the Province will blame them and not me, 
who thro' friendship put it in their power to be happy. 

Inclosed you have a letter received from Capt. Barclay in conse- 
quence of one wrote him by direction of the Congress, the contents 
of which you will be pleased to acquaint them with, and I am sur- 
prised they should suppose he could or would accept the propo- 
sition. I am, with perfect esteem, Sir, 

Your very obedient servant, 

(Signed) J, Wright. 

Hble. J. E. Powell, Esqr. 

Scarborough, Feb. 19th, 1776. 

Sir: — Having represented to your Excellency upon my arrival 
here, that 1 was very desirous of having a free intercourse 
between his Majesty's ships under my command and the Town of 
Savannah, and desiring at the same time, I might be supplied with 
provisions and other necessaries, by paying the market price for 
the same, which I had great reason to expect in any part of his 
Majesty's dominions. 

I beg leave to acquaint your Excellency that I have received a 
letter from Savannah signed by Archibald Bulloch, a copy of 
which I herewith enclose you, and the manner of intercourse men- 
tioned therein between the Town and King's ships, I can by no 
means accept of. 

I beg your Excellency will make the Town acquainted therewith. 

I have the honor to be your Excellency's most obedient humble 
servant. (Signed) And. Barclay. 

His Excellency Sir James Wright. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 43 



Resolved, That Captains Martin and Stirk be a committee to 
examine tlie public accounts, and that they receive no accounts 
otherwise than upon oath. 

The Hon. RawliDs Lowndes, Col. Parsons and Thomas 
Savage, Esqr., from the Congress for South CaroHna, 
waited on this Board and laid before it the following 
resolve, recommending a similar one to be adopted by 
this Province: 

South Carolina, in Congress, 14 Feby., 1776. 
Whereas, The Continental Congress, on the 1st day of Novem- 
ber last, prohibited exportation from the United Colonies until the 
1st day of March next; and, 

Whereas, By reason of the distance of several of those Colonies 
from Philadelphia, the Resolution of the said Congress, relative to 
exportation after that day, may not be known for some time ; and 
it may be injurious to the common cause of America if exportation 
should be permitted in any Colony, before such Resolution shall be 
known there. 

Resolved, That the said prohibition shall continue and be of 
force in this Colony until the 1st day of May next, unless an 
authentic account of the determination of the Continental Con- 
gress relative to exportation after the said 1st day of March, shall 
be sooner received and published by the Council of Safety. 

A true copy. 

Peter Timothy, Secretary. 

Ordered, that the consideration of extending the Reso- 
lution of the Continental Congress in such manner as 
recommended be deferred till to-morrow morning. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety Feb. 22d, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

William Ewen. John Houstoun. John Girardeau. 

William LeConte. Edward Telfair. John Stirk. 

George Walton. Archibald Bulloch. John Wereat. 

Wm. O'Brien. John Martin. 

Agreeable to the order of the day, the Board proceeded 
to consider the propriety of extending the Resolution of 



44 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

the ContiDental Congress in a similar manner to that of 
South Carolina. 

Ordered, that it be further postponed till to-morrow- 
morning. 



[Reed., Savannah, 25th October, 1775, of William Ewen, Esqr., 
President of the Council of Safety, the sum of six hundred and 
sixty-seven pounds, str., which we promise to be accountable for 
to the Council of Safety when thei-eunto required. 

Philip Box. 

Wm. CxIBBONS. 

1000 3|6 £125.- 

35 20 I 35.- 

14 60 I 42.- 

600 10 I 300.- 

250. 5 I 62.-10 I 

500 1 I 6 37.-10 I 

13 £ 5 I 65.- 

£667.- 
137.-10 



See other side. £804.-10] 

(The above in brackets appears on a page in the min- 
utes of the Council of Safety just at this point, and 
is here given as in the original manuscript). 



At a meeting of Council of Safety, the 30th day of 
April, 1776. 

present: 

John Wereat. Benjamin Andrew. George Walton. 

John Girardeau. Samuel Saltus. Jonathan Bryan. 

Daniel Roberts. 

Resolved, That the following address be presented to his Excel- 
lency the President, and that Messrs. Wereat and Roberts do wait 
on his Excellency to know when he will be pleased to receive the 
same. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. Ji5 

GEORGIA: 

To His Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esquire, President and 
Commander in Chief of the Promnce of Georgia: 

THE ADDRESS OF THE COUNCIL OP SAFETY FOR 
THE SAID PROVINCE. 

May it please your Excellency: 

The long session of the late Congress, together with the season 
of the year, called particularly for a speedy recess, and the House 
having adjourned while you was out of town, it becomes more par- 
ticularly necessary for us to address your Excellency: We there- 
fore, with unfeigned confidence and regard, beg leave to congratu- 
late not only your Excellency on your appointment to, but your 
country on your acceptance of the supreme command in this 
Province. 

It would be needless and tedious to recount the various and yet 
m.ultiplying oppressions which have driven the people of this 
Province to erect that Government, which they have called upon 
you to see executed: Suffice it then to declare that it was the only 
alternative of anarchy and misery, and by consequence the effect 
of dire necessity. 

Tour Excellency well knows that it was the endeavor of the Con- 
gress to stop every avenue of vice and oppression, lest the infant 
virtue of a still more infant Province might in time rankle into 
corruption: And we doubt not but that by your Excellency's 
exertions, all the resolutions made, or adopted by Congress will be 
enforced with firmness, without regard to any individual, or any 
set of men ; for no Government can be said to be established, while 
any part of the community refuse submission to its authority. 

In the discharge of this arduous and important task, your Ex- 
cellency may rely on our constant and best endeavors to assist and 
support you. 

Messrs. John Wereat and Dan'l. Roberts waited on 
the President, who informed them that he would be 
ready to receive their address on to-morrow morning at 
nine o'clock. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, 1st May, 1Y76. 

PRESENT : 
Jonathan Bryan. John Houstoun. John Wereat. 

Sam'l Saltus. George Walton. Dan'l Roberts. 

Benjn. Andrew. John Girardeau. 



J^6 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

The Board waited on his Excellency the President 
with their Address, to which he was pleased to give the 
following answer : 

To the Honorable the Members of the Council of Safety of the Pro- 
vince of Georgia. 

Honorable Gentlemen: 

I am much obliged to you for your kind expressions of congratu- 
lation on my appointment to the supreme command of this Colony. 
When I reflect from whence the appointment is derived, that of 
the free and uncorrupt suffrages of my fellow-citizens, it cannot fail 
to stimulate me to the most vigorous exertions in the discharge of 
the important duties to which I am called, by the late wise and 
salutary regulations adopted by our Provincial Congress. 

While I have the advice and assistance of gentlemen of known 
integrity and abilities, I doubt not but I shall be enabled to 
enforce and carry into execution every resolve and law of Con- 
gress; and, as far as lies with me, my country may depend I will, 
with a becoming firmness and the greatest impartiality, always 
endeavor to cause justice in mercy to be executed. 

Archd. Bulloch. 

His excellency the President waited on the Board and 
took the chair. 

GEORGIA: 

By Ms Excellency the President in the Council of Safety. 
To the Treasurers : 

Pay George Walton, Esqr., for the use of the First Troop of 
Horse the sum of fifty pounds sterling, out of any monies of the 
General Fund. (Signed) A. Bulloch. 

Ordered, that Mr. Charles Middleton be immediately 
commissionated as Second Lieutenant of the First Troop 
of Horse. 

Ordered, that the causeway at Great Ogeeche Ferry 
be forthwith repaired, and that the Governor's negroes 
be employed for that purpose, and that James Maxwell 
and Fowler Brisbane, Esqr., be appointed Commission- 
ers to superintend the same. 

Ordered, that Hepworth Carter be commissionated as 
Third Lieutenant of the Saint John's Rangers. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 47 

Ordered, that the sum of fifty pounds be borrowed 
from the Colony Fund, and lent to the fund ordered for 
the supply of the Troops of Horse until bills can be 
emitted. 

Ordered, that permission be granted to John Graham, 
Esqr., to depart the Province with his family, with 
necessary servants and provisions for the voyage, leav- 
ing his property behind him for the security of his 
creditors, and he has leave to return. 

That Thomas Tallemack also be permitted to depart 
the Province, giving security in the sum of one hundred 
pounds against any claims which may be brought 
against him. 

GEORGIA: 

By Ms Excellency ArcMhald Bulloch, Esqr., President and Com- 
mander in Chief of the Colony aforesaid, in the Honorable the 
Council of Safety. 

To the Hon. Major Walton: 

Sir: — It has been represented to me in Council that there are 
many disaffected persons possessed of and are now building and 
erecting divers forts and fortifications, without any leave or 
authority for the same. Yon are, therefore, requested and em- 
powered as well to make the necessary inquiry with respect to the 
premises, as in general to inquire into the state of the frontier part 
of this Province, and to make report of the same to me. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

Like orders were also sent to Col. Robert Rae, Chair- 
man of the Committee for the Town and District of 
Augusta. 

The inhabitants of the Town and District of Augusta having ap- 
plied to me, by their Committee, for a new election of Delegates to 
serve in Provincial Congress, and being willing to do all in my 
power to quiet and content the minds of the people, do hereby, 
with the advice of the Honorable the Council of Safety, order and 
direct that the inhabitants of said Town and District do proceed to 
a new election of Delegates in manner as is directed by Resolutions 
of Congress. 



48 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Ordered, that two hundred weight of gunpowder and 
four hundred weight of lead be delivered to Col. Wells, 
for the use of the Town and District of Augusta. 

N. B. — G. P. deliv'd y's ord'd to a boatman, w'ch he lost, and ye 
ammunition was never received. 

John Glen,* Esqr., waited on the Board and qualified 
as Chief Justice of this Province. 

William Stephen,* Esqr., also qualified as Attorney- 
General. 

James Jackteon, likewise qualified as Clerk of the 
Court of Sessions. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, May 2d, 1Y76. 
present: 

Arehb. Bulloch, Prest. Daniel Roberts. Benjamin Andrew. 
Willm. Le Conte. John Houstoun. Samuel Saltus. 

John Bohun Grirardeau. John Wereat. Jonathan Bryan. 

Mr. John Simpson having applied to the Board for 
leave to depart the Province, it was granted him. 

Ordered, that the Council of Safety do meet on the 
second and last Tuesday of every month. 

Ordered, that Daniel Roberts, Esqr., and Willm. Le 
Conte be a committee to examine what dry goods are 
now in the Town of Savannah. 

Col. Elbert made application for an order to procure 
such arms, bayonets and gun locks as may be in charge 
of Capt. Jacob Walthour at Ebenezer, for the use of 
the Battalion, which was granted. 

Ordered, that John Graham do give a bond of 10,000 
as security to the public on his departure from the 
Province. 

Mr. Murry also is permitted to depart the Province on 
the same terms. 



♦Afterwards a Royalist. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 49 

Ordered, that twenty pounds be advanced to Capt. 
Brown, to enable him to enlist more men for the service 
of the Scout Boat. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esquire, President and 
Commander in Chief of the Province of Georgia, in Council: 

A PROCLAMATION. 

"Whereas, The honorable Continental Congress have among 
other things, Resolved, that the Venders of dry goods ought not 
to take advantage of the scarcity that might be occasioned by the 
non-importation agreement under pain of being declared inimical 
to the liberties of America. And, whereas, the Provincial Con- 
gress have. Resolved, that whoever shall depreciate the Currency 
of this Province, shall forfeit all right to protection from the said 
Congress, or any authority acting under it ; and. 

Whereas, It hath been represented to me in Council, that 
several persons in the Province do, notwithstanding the above 
Resolutions, sell their goods at a most exorbitant price, to the great 
prejudice of the inhabitants of this Province, especially the poor. 
I have therefore thought fit, with the advice and consent of the 
Council aforesaid, to issue this my proclamation, notifying to all 
persons, whom it doth or may concern, that if they persist in their 
unwarrantable proceedings, they will be subject to the pains and 
penalties annexed to the foregoing Resolutions and their names 
published accordingly. 

(Signed) Arcd. Bulloch. 

Ordered, that orders be forthwith issued to elect 
members to sit in Congress for such Parishes and Dis- 
tricts, as may be unrepresented, by the appointment of 
their members to places of profit, etc: And that on 
Monday seven night they proceed to the election of 
Parochial Committees as well as such members. 

Ordered, that a letter be wrote to Mr. Eae to recall 
the orders for a new election in the Town and District 
of Augusta, alledging the reasons why the present 
members must be still continued. 

Capt. Ellijah Steel made application for payment of 
the rum taken from him in February last, and in con- 



50 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of /Safety. 

sideration of the low price of the same, it was agreed 
he should be paid in Continental Currency. 



At a Council of Safety the 14th day of May, 17Y6. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the Prest. Wm. LeConte. George Mcintosh. 
Benj. Andrew. John Baker. Jonathan Cochrane. 

John Bohun Girardeau. John Wereat. John Adam Treutlen. 

Received and read letters from Messrs. John and 
George Walton, with an inclosed deposition of John 
McCormick, that Harry Stewart had arrived at Toquah 
Town on the 26th April last, with twenty horse-load of 
ammunition as presents for the Cherokees ; that they 
had lost four Indians of their party, together with a 
considerable quantity of their ammunition in an engage- 
ment (on their march) with some of the Western tribes 
of Indians. » 

This deponent further observed that just before he 
left the Nation, a party of Cherokees returned from 
Wataga, or some other of the back settlements of Vir- 
ginians that are nearest them, and say they have killed 
eight white persons, and that they intend to continue 
killing until they drive them quite off the land. And 
this deponent further saith that the Indians had a war 
dance 'round the scalps before he left the Nation. 

Read also an intercepted letter of Andrew McLean 
from Alexander Cameron, which letter was laid before 
the Committee at Augusta, who not being satisfied 
with Mr. McLean for carrying on a correspondence 
with the professed enemies of our country, ordered him 
to appear before his Excellency and this Board, which 
he promised to perform on or before Tuesday next. 
Mr. John Walton also informs of the murder of an 
Indian by one Few and a party of men under his com- 
mand. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 51 

Ordered, that Mr. Yorke and Mr. Sykes, two gentle- 
men from Philadelphia, be permitted to pass to Cock- 
spur and to return. 

Capt. Wm. Mcintosh having informed his Excellency 
that Messrs. Wrights have a strong fort at their planta- 
tion, with twenty white men and all their slaves 
armed, and also a considerable quantity of provision 
and ammunition. 

That Mr. Martin JoUie, upon St. Mary's River, keeps 
a magazine of provisions to supply our enemies, and 
that he was creditably informed that he had sixteen 
barrels of gunpowder now in his possession, and was 
lately appointed Colonel of all the troops he can raise 
between St. John's and Mary's ; that there were also a 
number of vessels in the River St. Mary's that might be 
easily taken, if there are no men-of-war there to pro- 
tect them ; 

That it will be necessary to build a log house, or pun- 
cheon fort, wherever it may be thought proper to sta- 
tion a detachment of the First Troop of Horse on the 
Altamaha, which place Capt. Mcintosh will point out — 
the same likewise to be done on St. Mary's ; 

That one Anderson had a great stock of cattle in East 
Florida, that he thought it requisite that orders should 
be immediately issued to the said Anderson to remove 
his stock into this Province ; 

That if a boat was stationed at Gaskins it will answer 
the purpose of a stationed boat. 

GEORGIA: 

By Ms Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., President and Com- 
mander in Chief of said Province. 

To Capt. William Mcintosh: 

You are hereby ordered and required to go with the Troop of 
Horse under your command and take the fort now in possession of 
Germain and Charles Wright, and to disarm and take all the white 
men you may find there; and also all negroes with arms, and secure 



52 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

them till further orders, together with all provisions, arms and 
ammunition. 

You are then to proceed to St. Mary's, or wherever else you may 
deem it necessary in any part of East Florida, and particularly to 
apprehend and bring to Savannah the body of Martin Jollie, after 
securing the provisions he now has in his magazine, and all the 
gun powder, arms and ammunition he may have in his possession ; 
and likewise to apprehend and send to Savannah any other per- 
sons whose going at large may endanger the liberties of America. 
And, further, if you find it practicable, you may take such ves- 
sels as are now lying in St. Mary's River, and do such other 
things as may appear to you necessary for the good of public 
service. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

Ordered that one hundred weight of gunpowder and 
four hundred weight of ball be delivered to Capt. Wil- 
liam Mcintosh. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, the 15th day 
of May, 1776. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. John Girardeau. Benjamin Andrew. 

George Mcintosh. Jonathan Bryan. John Cochrane. 

John Adam Treutlen, John Wereat. Col. Baker. 
Willm. Le Conte. 

Mr. Thomas Ried presented a petition to the Board, 
respecting the indigo taken in the river by Capt. Brown. 

Ordered, that it be referred to the consideration of the 
Congress. 

Read a letter from Mr. Galphin directed to Mr. John 
Wereat, proposing that he would go to the northward 
with some of the principal men of the Creeks and 
Cherokees in order to keep the Indians peaceable, etc. 

Ordered, that a letter be sent to Mr. Galphin, alledg- 
ing such reasons for his not going at present, as may be 
satisfactory to him, and that orders be issued to the 
Captains of the two Troops of Horse, that they exert 
their utmost endeavors to prevent the murder of any 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 6S 

Indians in the Back Country, and that they use their 
utmost efforts to apprehend the man, who lately killed 
the Indian. 

Ordered, that commissions be made out for John 
Hardy as Captain of the Artillery Company at Sunbury, 
and Nathaniel Saxton as Captain of the Volunteer Com- 
pany of Militia at Sunbury. 

Ordered, that commissions be made out for Peter 
Shand, as Captain, James Roberts, First Lieutenant and 
Theophilus Lucday as Second Lieutenant of a Volun- 
teer Company of Militia in the Parish of Saint George. 

Mr. James Hovenden presented his account to this 
Board, amounting to £8, 0, 0, sterling, which was passed 
and ordered payment. 

Mrs. Agnes Rambsay petitioned for leave to depart 
the Province in Capt. George Wardell's Brig, which 
was granted her. 

Ordered, that a rowingboat, cockswain and six men 
be forthwith procured for the service of the public. 

Ordered that the Militia now doing duty at Ebenezer 
be discharged. 

Ordered, that the Secretary do forthwith write to the 
several Parishes and Districts within this Province, in 
order to convene the Congress on the first Tuesday in 
June next. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Arch. Bulloch, Esquire, President and Com- 
mander in Chief of the said Province: 

Whereas, The season of the year particularly rendered it neces- 
sary for the late Congress to be adjourned, that the country mem- 
bers might have an opportunity of finishing their planting busi- 
ness and settling their other domestic concerns; and in consequence 
thereof, sundry affairs of great importance to the public were 
postponed to future consideration. 

I have, therefore, thought fit by and with the advice of the 
honorable the Council to summon the members of the said Con- 
gress at Savannah, on Tuesday the fourth day of June next, in or- 



54 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 



der to proceed to finish the said business, and to dispatch such 
other matters, as may appear requisite for the preservation and 
maintenance of the peace, welfare and security of the Province. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, May 16th, 17Y6. 

PRESENT: 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Cochrane. John Wereat. 

John Adam Treutlen. Colonel Baker. William Le Conte. 

John Girardeau. Benjamin Andrew. George Mcintosh. 

Jonathan Bryan. 

Capt. Phoenix presented a petition to the Board re- 
questing that he might be appointed Adjutant to one of 
the Battahons of Mihtia: 

Ordered that it be referred to the field officers. 

Mr. Andrew McLean made application for permission 
to go down to Cockspur: which being considered, it was 
refused. 

ORDERS TO CAPTAIN WM. M'INTOSH. 

Sir : — You are hereby ordered and required to build a log house, 
or puncheon fort, on the place, where you find it necessary to 
station a detachment of Horse under your command on the Alta- 
maha River, and likewise to do the same at the most convenient 
place on Saint Mary's. And you are further required to remove 
the stock belonging to one Anderson from East Florida into this 
Province, and in like manner to remove all the stock of such per- 
sons as reside among us — and to see that a boat be stationed at 
Gaskins. And as there has been information made of the murder 
of an Indian by one Few, and a party of men under his command, 
you are therefore ordered to use your utmost efforts to apprehend 
the said Few and to bring him to Savannah, and at all times to do 
whatever may be in your power, to prevent the murder of any In- 
dians in the Back Country. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

ORDERS TO CAPTAIN LEONARD MARBURY. 

Sir: — Whereas information has been received that one Few, and 
a company under his command, have killed an Indian and several 
accounts received respecting the Indians are very unfavorable, you 
are therefore ordered and required to use your utmost efforts to 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 55 

prevent the murder of any Indians in the Back Country and to 
apprehend the said Few, or any person that may be guilty of the 
above mentioned murder, or who may in any wise disturb the 
peace, or render himself obnoxious to the friends of liberty in the 
Back Country. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

Messrs. John Baker, George Mcintosh, Jonathan 
Bryan, John Girardeau, William Le Conte, Benjamin 
Andrew, Jonathan Cochrane and Adam Treutlen took 
the following oath as Justices of the Quorum : 

I, A B, do swear, that as a Justice of the Peace for 

I will faithfully and impartially do equal right to the poor and to 
the rich, to the utmost of my power and ability. And that I will 
take nothing for my oflBce of Justice of the Peace, but what is al- 
lowed by the laws of the Province ; and I will not direct, nor cause 
to be directed any warrant, or precept (by me to be made) to the 
parties, but I will direct them to a lawful Constable or Constables 
to do execution thereof ; and I will endeavor at all times to pre- 
serve the public peace, and maintain the Constitutional Authority 
of this Country, as established by Congress. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, 17th May, 1776. 

PRESENT : 
His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. John "Wereat. 
John Girardeau. Benj. Andrew. John Adam Treutlen. 

Jonathan Cochrane. George Mcintosh. 

Mr, Andrew McLean waited on the Board and assured 
the Board, on his word of honor, that the letter sent by 
the Committee at Augusta was the very last he ever 
received from Mr. Alexander Cameron, and that since 
he signed the Association he never has kept up any cor- 
respondence with him, or Mr. John Stewart, or any 
other professed enemy to America, 

Mr. John Hill presented a petition from the inhabi- 
tants of the Ceded Lands, requesting that another Troop 
of Horse might be raised for the defense of the back 
settlement. 

Ordered, that it be referred to the consideration of 
the Congress. 



56 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

At a meeting of the Council May 23d, 1Y76. 

PRESENT: 
His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. John Wereat. 
Samuel Saltus. James Seriven. John Girardeau. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. John Houstoun. Jonathan Cochrane. 

Mr. James Eobertson and Mr. William Stephens laid 
before the Board a petition from James Butler and Mar- 
garet Crocker, which being read and considered it was 
ordered to be referred to the Congress. 

Read a letter from the Chief Justice, John Glen, 
Esqr., requesting that some person or persons may be 
appointed to procure the jury box now at Ebenezer, and 
also that the Court House might be cleaned and re- 
paired, in order the Court of General Sessions may 
be held there. 

Ordered that Mr. John Wereat and Mr. James Jack- 
son do repair forthwith to Ebenezer for the said jury 
box, and that the Provost Marshal be directed to put 
the Court House in order. 

Messrs. Samuel Saltus, James Seriven and Adam 
Fowler Brisbane took the oath appointed, as Justices 
of the Quorum. 

Ordered, that orders be forthwith issued to Capt. 
Hardy to employ men and boats and to draught as 
many of the Militia as may be necessary in order to 
assist them in bringing the cannon, etc from Frederica. 

Andrew Elton Wells waited on the Board and took 
the oath appointed, as Justice of the Peace for the 
Parish of St. Philip; and also delivered in sundry ac- 
counts which were ordered to be referred to the Con- 
gress. 



At a meeting of the Council 28th May, 1776. 
present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Daniel Roberts. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Samuel Saltus. John Wereat. 

James Seriven. Fowler Brisbane. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Bafety. 57 



Mr. Daniel Roberts took his oath as one of the Jus- 
tices of the Quorum. 

Capt. Lee laid before the Board his account current, 
by which it appeared there is a balance of £158, 17s. 8|d. 
due to him, but as there is no money at present in the 
treasury, it was agreed that the President should ad- 
vance to him part of the same, till the meeting of Con- 
gress. 

Information being made that a quantity of goods be- 
longing to Mr. Robert Smith is now on board Captain 
Inglis, ordered that it be referred to the Parochial Com- 
mittee to secure the said goods for the use of the people 
of this Province. 

Mrs. Sybilla Neidlinger laid her account before the 
Board, amounting in the whole to £30, 3s., Od. 

Ordered, that his Excellency the President do dis- 
charge the same. 

Ordered, that letters be wrote to the several Parochial 
Committees throughout the Province, ordering them to 
collect the fines from non-associates. 



At a meeting of the Council May 29th, 1776. 

PRESENT: 
His Excellency the Prest. Daniel Roberts. Samuel Saltus. 

Adam Fowlei- Brisbane. John Wereat. John Girardeau. 

James Seriven. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board 
the following receipts, viz. : 

Rec'd, Savannah, 23d May, 1776, of his Excellency the President, 
nine hundred pounds sterling, for the use of the Georgia Battalion. 
;^900. Joseph Habersham, Major. 

Rec'd May 23d, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, on account of the public, 
three pounds, for my husband's wages. 

Sarah Kirk. 

Rec'd May 28th, 1776, of his Excellency Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., 
five pounds on account of the public, in part of my husband's 
wages. 

19 Elizb. Langford. 



58 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Rec'd May 23d, 1776, of his Excellency Archibd. Bulloch, Esqr., 
the sum of eight pounds, on account of my husband, John Brown. 

^ Frances Brown. 

Rec'd May 29th, 1776, of his Excellency Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., 
the sum of three pounds, ten shillings, for George Richardson, 
riding expenses. 

^ Frederick Rossbergh. 

Ordered, that Mr. Ambrose Wright do deliver to the 
Commanding Officer of the Battalion forty blankets for 
the use of the men. 

Whereas it is necessary that the Court House should 
be repaired and cleaned, that the Court of Session may 
be held there, ordered, therefore, that the Guard be 
moved from the said Court House to Mr. Hume's house, 
the late Attorney General, or any other house that may 
be agreeable to the gentlemen of the Battalion. 

FORM OF AN OATH FOR CONSTABLES 

You shall well and truly serve in the office of Constable for the 

Parish of for the year ensuing, or until you shall 

be lawfully discharged therefrom, or until another shall be sworn 
in your place, you shall also well and truly do and execute all 
things belonging to the said office, according to the best of your 
skill and knowledge, and at all times do your utmost to support 
the Constitutional Authority of this Province, as established by 
Congress. So help me God. 



At a meeting of the Council, May 30th, 1T76. 
present: 

His Excellency Archd. BuUoch. John Wereat. Benjn. Andrew. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Samuel Saltus. James Scriven. 

Jno. Bohun Girardeau. Danl. Roberts. 

The President laid the following letters before the 
Board : 

Sir : — I received a note from Mr. Langworthy to desire the keys 
of Mr. Hume's house, as you had ordered it should be made use of 
as a Guard house during the sitting of the sessions. The house has 
received very great damage from the companies that have been in 
it (during the alarm), such as ripping down the whole of the paper, 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 59 



burning the chimney piece in the best room, etc. The Attorneys 
were just about fitting it up, for the reception of a family, there- 
fore would be very glad if some other house could be thought of, 
that might answer full as well, without the same inconveniences. 
I am sir, yours, etc. . 

James Houstoun. 

Wednesday, 5 o'clock. 
His Excellency, Etc., to Doctor Houstoun: 

Sir: — I was this moment favored with yours of this date, in an- 
swer to a note received from Mr. Langworthy — his request to you 
was in consequence of the unanimous opinion of the Council this 
morning and from which I cannot depart. I am sorry for any loss 
that individuals may sustain, but the public good must be con- 
sidered. 

I am, etc. , 

A. Bulloch. 

Savannah, 29th May, 1776, 
To the Commanding Officer of the Guard. 

Sir: — It was the unanimous opinion of the Council that Mr. 
Hume's house should be made use of as a guard-house, and upon 
application to Dr. James Houston for the keys, it seems there are 
none to be procured. You will, therefore, endeavor by the best 
means in your power to enter the house and make use of it 

accordingly. 

A. Bulloch. 

His Excellency laid before the Board an order amount- 
ing to £14-0-0 due to Mrs. McFarlin, which it appeared 
he had paid; also the following receipt: 

Received May 30th, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, seven pounds, for 
going express to Charlestown on public service. 

his 

RODOLP X Strohager. 

mark. 

His Excellency paid Mrs. Neidlinger ten pounds in 
part of an account due to John Neidlinger, her husband, 
for acting as Sexton of this Parish. 

Received June 3d, 1776, of his Excellency Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., 
the sum of fifty pounds, on account of the public. 

^ Thos. Lee. 

His Excellency paid Capt. Joseph Davlin thirty pounds 
in part of an account due to his volunteer company at 
Augusta. 



60 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

At a meeting of the Council, June 5th, 1776. 
present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. Jonathan Cochrane. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Benjn. Andrew. William LeConte. 
John Bohun Girardeau. John Wereat. George Mcintosh. 

Ordered, that orders be forthwith issued to the com- 
manding officer of the First Regiment of Militia to 
draught and bring to town the several Companies in the 
Parish of Christ Church, and that they be in barracks. 



At a meeting of the Council June 8th, 1776. 

PRESENT: 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Cochrane. John Wereat. 
Jno. Adam Treutlen. George Mcintosh. John Houstoun. 

William Le Conte. Benjn. Andrew. 

Ordered, that orders do issue to Col. Baker to hire a 
number of negroes to finish in a more proper manner 
the intrenchments about Sunbury, 

That Col. Mcintosh do reinforce the present detach- 
ment now there with as many of the battalion as will 
make a company. 

That Capt. Saxton do draft one-half the Company 
of the District residing in or near the Town, and that he 
be directed to summon them to appear under arms every 
day, till the present alarm ceases, or the President and 
Council shall think proper to direct otherwise. 

Mrs. Ann Nichols presented a petition to the Board. 
Ordered, that it be referred to the Congress. 

Ordered, that a quarter cask of rum be redelivered to 
Mrs. McKnight. 

Ordered, that commissions be issued for the following 
gentlemen, viz.: John Fieri, as Captain; Christopher 
Cramer, First Lieutenant; Jacob Ihle, Senr., Second 
Lieutenant; Christian Steiner, Third Lieutenant, of a 
a Company in the Lower District of the Parish of St. 
Matthew, Second Battalion in the First Regiment. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 61 



Received, June the 8th, 1776, of Archibald Bulloch, seventy-eight 
pounds, sixteen shillings, for a hogshead of rum for the use of the 
public. 

James Gray. 

His Excellency laid before the Board a receipt in full 
for Capt. Davlin's account, the whole amounting to 
forty-five pounds, sixteen shillings. 

Received of Arehd. Bulloch one hundred pounds, for Capt. Mar- 
bury's Troop of Horse. I say received this 8th June, 1776, on ac- 
count of the public. 

Jos. Walker. 

Received June 10th, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, thirty pounds, on 

account of the public. 

Luke Mann. 

Ordered, that a commission be issued for Mr. Patter- 
son, as Second Lieutenant of Capt. Cuthbert's Company. 



At a meeting of the Council Tuesday, June 11, 1776. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. John Wereat. George Mcintosh. 

Jonathan Cochrane. John Girardeau. Benj. Andrew. 

Dan'l Roberts. 

Whereas, it appears that the men in Capt. Cuthbert's 
Company are dissatisfied with the return of a Lieuten- 
ant; ordered, therefore, that orders be issued for a new 
election. 

' Received, June 11th, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., one hundred 
and fifty pounds, on account of the public. 

Wm. McIntosh. 

Received, June 13th, 1778, of Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., three pounds, 
on account of the public. 

■^ RODOLPH STROHAGER. 

Received, 13th June, 1776, from his Excellency the President, the 
sum of twenty pounds, being an order from Major Habersham. 

19 John Hoi/Mbs. 



6S Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 



Received, June 15th. 1776, of Archibald Bulloch, fifty-two pounds, 
on account of the public. 

Thos. Lee. 

Received, June 15th, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, eighteen pounds, on 
account of the public, for Luke Mann, Commissary. 

Sam'l Miller. 



At a meeting of the Council June 18, 17Y6. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. John Bryan. Jonn. Cochrane. 

John Wereat. John Girardeau. George Mcintosh, 

John Adam Treutlen. Benjamin Andrew. John Houstoun. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. 

His Excellency the President laid before this Board a 
letter from Jno. Rutledge, Esqr., informing us that 
General Lee desired that we would send two of our 
Council to Charlestown, which being considered it was 
agreed to send Messrs. Jonathan Bryan and Houstoun, 
and also Colonel Lachlan Mcintosh. 

Daniel McMurphy, Francis Stringer ai5d David Lewis 
waited on the Board and qualified as Justices of the 
Peace for the Parish of St. George. 



At a meeting of the Council, June 19th, 1T76. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency, Archd. Bulloch. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Wm. LeConte. Jonathan Cochrane. 

John Adam Treutlen. George Mcintosh. Benjamin Andrew. 
Jonathan Bryan. John Wereat. 

Mr. John Hill waited on the Board and took the test 
as a lieutenant of the Troop of Horse. 

James Goldwire and Philip Howell, Esqrs., waited on 
the Board and qualified as Justices of the Peace for the 
Parish of St. Matthew. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 63 

Wm. Jackson, Esq., waited on the Board and quali- 
fied as Justice of the Peace for the Parish of Saint Paul. 

Capt. Woodruffe attended the Board and laid before 
them sundry papers and affidavits, respecting a vessel 
that arrived in Sapelo Eiver, loaded with rum, sugar, 
osnabergs, etc., that as the said sloop was registered at 
St. Augustine, he, the said Woodruffe took possession 
of the said vessel, etc. 

The Board taking the premises into consideration is- 
sued the following orders to Capt. Woodruffe. 

Sir : — You are hereby ordered immediately to discharge the sloop 
and schooner with their cargoes which you boarded in Sapelo 
River and brought round to Sunbury, as also all the hands and 
every other thing belonging to the said vessels. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 



At a meeting of the Council, June 20th, 17Y6. 

present: 

His Excellency, Archd. Bulloch. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jonathan Cochrane. John Wereat. 
John Adam Treutlen Benjamin Andrew. Jonn. Bryan. 

John Bohun Girardeau. George Mcintosh. 

Received, June 19th, 1776 of Archd. Bulloch, one hundred and 
fifteen pounds, being the sum he received from Captain Pooler for 
the use of the public. 

EWEN & O'Bryan, Treasurers. 

Ordered, that every man liable to bear arms shall do 
militia duty in the Parish, or District where he resides, 
unless he shall be enrolled in some volunteer company. 

Resolved, that orders be issued to Capt. Saxton at 
Sunbury, requiring him immediately to attend on this 
Board. 

Ordered, that the inhabitants of the Cherokee Hill 
District do militia duty in Capt. Richd. Wylly's company. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board 
the following memorandum: 



64 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Please to let me have my orders in what manner I am to act in 
regard to vessels, as also in what manner I am to provide provisions 
for my people; and shall be glad your honor would impower to 
press a boat for the service of the country, as occasions may re- 
quire and if I am still to continue my station on Sutherland Bluflf, 
and shall be glad your excellency would grant me somiething to 
show that I have done no more than my duty, as also an order to 
the keepers of the Gaols to discharge the negroes at the public ex- 
pense, and to the commissary at Sunbury for a supply of pro- 
visions to carry us home, 

The Board ordered the following to be delivered to 
Capt. Woodruffe. 

Savannah, June 20th, 1776. 

Sir : — The council took into consideration this morning the sun- 
diy matters mentioned in the memorandum you delivered to me, 
and ami to inform you in the first place, that with regard to vessels 
you are to conduct yourself according to the resolves of Congress; 
and as to providing provisions for your people, it is the opinion of 
the Council, that when there are any detachments of men on duty, 
the commanding ofiQcer is to provide for them and make the same 
a public charge. 

The pressing a boat for service is already allowed by Congress ; 
and you have no occasion to continue your station on Sutherland 
Bluff, as a party of the battalion are doing duty on the Altamaha. 

The expenses attending the negroes, to the time orders were de- 
livered to you, wUl be paid, and you may be supplied by the com- 
missary at Sunbury with necessary provisions to carry your men 
home which will be likewise defrayed. 

I am sir, your humble servent, 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

Capt. Woodruffe. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 
proved as Justices of the Peace for the Parish of St. 
Paul: John Walton, Robt. Rae, Wm. Goodgion, James 
Grierson, Saml. Jack, Jacob Beal, Charles Crawford, 
Henry Downs, Robert Hamilton and George Wells. 

GEORGIA: 
By His Excellency, Archd. Bulloch, Esquire, President and Com- 
mander in Chief of the said Province. 
To any of the Constables of the Parish of St. George : 

Whereas, It has been represented to me, that notwithstanding 
orders were issued the thirteenth day of March last for the delivery 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 65 



of a parcel of negro slaves to Quintln Pooler, merchant of Savan- 
nah, which said negro slaves by a suflQeient deed in the law were 
conveyed to the Said Quintin Pooler by one William McDaniel, yet 
it appears that John Green and AVilliam Christie of Saint George's 
Parish, planters, disregarding the said orders, detain and keep in 
their possession the said negroeg; therefore by and with the advice 
of the Council, I do hereby oroer and require the said John Green 
and William Christie to deliver the said negroes to you or any of 
you, that the said negroes may continue in the possession of 
Quintin Pooler, until it shall be determined otherwise by the laws 
agreeable to the Constitution of the Province. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 
proved as Justices of the Peace for the Kiokee District: 
William Jackson, William Candler, Abraham Ayres, 
William Few, Junior, Edwd. Cartledge and Dionysius 
Wright. 



At a meeting of Council, June 21st, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the Prest. John Wereat. Benjamin Andrew. 

Jonathan Bryan. Geo. Mcintosh. Jonn. Cochrane. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jno. Adam Treutlen. William LeConte. 

Mr. John Jones waited on the Board and qualified as 
Justice of the Peace for the Town of Sunbury. 

Ordered, that his Excellency the President do issue 
orders to Colonel Scriven in order to draught part of the 
militia to bring the cannon from Frederica. 

Capt. Miller and Mr. JoUie waited on the Board and 
were interrogated respecting some rice that Capt. Miller 
had sold to Mr. Jollie in East Florida, when it was the 
opinion of the Board that Mr. Jollie be detained in this 
Province, on his parole. 



66 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

At a meeting of the Council, June 25th, 1TT6. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. John Wereat. Jonathan Cochrane. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Benjamin Andrew. Wm. LeConte. 
John Bohun Girardeau. John Adgpn Treutlen. 

Savannah, 24th June, 1776. Received of his Excellency Archi- 
bald Bulloch, Esq., five pounds, for the use of the Battery on 
Saltus' Island. 

WiLLM. O'Bryan. 

Received, June 24th, 1776, of Archibald Bulloch, fifty pounds, on 
account of the public. 

SAM'ii Elbert, Lt. Col. 

Received of Archd. Bulloch, forty shillings, the balance of an ac- 
count due from the public, in full of all demands. 

RiCHD. Kennedy. 

Received, June 24th, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, fourteen shillings, 
on account of the public. 

Sam'l Seeds. 

Received, June 22d, 1776, the sum of nine shillings, on account ot 
John Arnold. 

^ Lucy Tondee. 

Received, June 22d, 1776, of Archd. Bulloch, one pound, five 
shillings. 

^ Frederick Rossbergh. 

Ordered that commissions do issue for Mr. Stephen 
Dickenson, First Lieutenant; Mr. John Kell, Second 
Lieutenant, and Mr. John Lawson, Jr. Third Lieuten- 
ant of a company of mihtia commanded by Captain 
Nathaniel Saxton. 

GEORGIA: 

Bp his Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., President and Com- 
mander in Chief of the said Province. 
To Col. Sam'l Elbert: 

You are hereby directed to order all the out detachments of the 
Battalion to march without loss of time to headquarters at Savan- 
nah, and the Militia of the Parish where they are stationed are 
required to do duty in their room. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 



67 



Ordered, that commissions do issue for Abraham Rav- 
ott, as Captain; Thomas Garnet, First Lieutenant; Dan- 
iel Howell, Second Lieutenant, and James Dell, Third 
Lieutenant, of a Company of Militia, Second Battalion 
First Regiment, Upper District of St. Matthew's Parish. 



At a meeting of the Council, June 26th, 1776. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. John Wereat. William LeConte. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jonathan Cochrane. Benjn. Andrew. 

John Adam Treutlen. 

Doctor Nathan Brownson waited on the Board, and 
took his seat in the room of Col. Baker. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board 
the Address of the Congress respecting those whose 
going at large is dangerous to the liberties of America, 
when the following list was proposed as containing per- 
sons of this character: 



Alexander Martin. 
John Douglass. 
John Hume. 
Andrew Johnson. 
Henry Preston. 
James Kitching. 
Willm. Read. 
John Patton. 
Thomas Johnson. 
Charles Wm. McKinen. 
Thomas Reid. 
Philip Yonge. 
William Lyford. 
Alexander Begby. 



Peter Edwards. 
George Kincaid. 
Nathaniel Hall. 
Philip Moore. 
Jno. B. Randell. 
James Spalding. 
Benj. Wilson. 
George Baillie. 
Thomas Netherclift. 
Alexd. McGoun. 
Robert Reid. 
James Mossman. 
Wm. Panton. 
William Skinner. 
Francis Knowles. 



Samuel Douglas. 
Thomas Moody. 
Lewis Johnson, Junr. 
Joseph Farley. 
James Robertson. 
John Martin. 
William Thompson. 
John Jamieson. 
Edwd. Telfair. 
Doctor Zubly. 
Andrew Hewat. 
Robert Porteous. 
John Inglis. 
John Foulis. 



The Council were of opinion that his Excellency 
should issue orders agreeable to the Resolve of Congress. 



68 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

At a meeting of the Council, July 1st, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the Prest. John Wereat. Nathan Brownson. 
John Adam Treutlen, Wm. LeConte. Jonathan Cochrane. 
Benj. Andrew. John Girardeau. 

Whereas it appears to this Board, that Doctor Zubly* 
and Mr. Edw. Telfair*, who were in custody, agreeable 
to a resolve of Congress, were improperly and illegally 
dismissed by the Chief Justice: It is therefore the opin- 
ion of this Board, that the said Doctor Zubly and Mr. 
Telfair be taken again into custody, until it shall other- 
wise be determined. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency, Archd. Bulloch, Esquire, President, Etc. 
To Major Thomas Boss: 

Sir: — You are hereby ordered and required to take into safe cus- 
tody the bodies of Doctor Zubly and Edward Telfair (as their go- 
ing at large will, it is thought, endanger the public safety) and 
them safely keep until further orders, and for so doing this shall 
be your warrant. 

(Signed) Archd. Bulloch. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 2nd, 1776. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Cochrane. John Wereat. 
John Adam Treutlen. Benjamin Andrew. William Le Conte. 
John Bohun Girardeau. Nathan Brownson. 

His excellency laid before the Board a letter from 
Lieutenant Colonel Mcintosh, which being considered, 
it was ordered, that no officer shall send any of the 
militia to East Florida to make reprisals without orders 
for that purpose from the President. That Colonel 
Scriven be ordered to support Lieutenant Colonel Mcln- 

*Edw. Telfair was afterwards zealous in the cause of liberty and became 
Governor of the State. Doctor Zubly remained a royalist to the end, and his 
property was confiscated after the war. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 69 

tosh with a sufficient number of his men to make a 
stand against the troops of Indians from Augustine. 

That Col. Mcintosh be ordered to make a stand with 
the men under his command at Satilla's, and if he can- 
not maintain his post there to retire to the Altamaha, 
etc. 

That Captains Marbury and Hovenden do leave a 
party of men, with a subaltern, to the westward, and 
with the rest of their men do join with and assist Col. 
Mcintosh. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 
proved of as Magistrates for the lower districts of Saint 
George's Parish, viz: Nathaniel Miller, Thomas Burton, 
Peter Shawn, Francis Hancock, William Lord, Henry 
Jones, Nathan Hooker, John Smith, Thomas Baulch, 
Mirick Davis and ye Rev. Josiah Lewis. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 
proved of as Magistrates for the District of Queens- 
borough, viz: Daniel McMurphy, James Flyming, 
Thomas Little, James Black, Thomas Lewis, Roger Law- 
son, Abraham Wammock and Charles Harvey. 

Ordered that commissions do issue for Jacob Tusing, 
as Captain; Matthias Rahn, First Lieutenant, and Casper 
Griener, Second Lieutenant of Bethany Company of Mili- 
tia, the Second Battalion First Regiment. Also for Is- 
rael Bird, as Captain; Frederick Restar, First Lieuten- 
ant, and Joshua Stafford, Second Lieutenant, of a Mili- 
tia Company in the Lower District in the Upper Division 
of Saint Philip's Parish. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 
proved of as Magistrates for the Parish of Saint Mat- 
thew: John Adam Treutlen, Philip Howell, James Gold- 
wire, John Stirk, Jacob Casper Waldhauer, Abraham 
Ravot, Daniel Bonnell, Benjn. Lanier and John Gold- 
wire. 

The following gentlemen were recommended and ap- 
proved of as Magistrates for the Parish of Saint John's: 



70 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Benjamin Andrew, Samuel Saltus, Daniel Roberts, John 
Jones, Job Colcock, James Scriven, John Baker, Senr., 
Parmenas Way, John Mitchell, Samuel Miller, John 
Sandiford, Gideon Dows and William Fox. 

Ordered, that commissions be issued for Francis Hand- 
cock, as Captain; Charles Williams, First Lieutenant; 
James Red, Second Lieutenant; and Edward Weathers, 
Third Lieutenant, of a Company of Militia in the Lower 
District of St. George's Parish, Fourth Battalion. 

That commissions be issued for John Dukart, as Cap- 
tain; Thomas Lewis, First Lieutenant; and Levi Em- 
manuel, as Second Lieutenant, of a Company of Mili- 
tia in the Lower District of Saint George, etc. 



At a Council, July 5th, 17T6. 

present: 

His Excellency Archibald Bulloch. 
Jonathan Bryan. John Houstoun. John Girardeau. 

Daniel Roberts. Nathan Brownson. John Wereat. 

Benjamin Andrew. John Adam Treutlen. William LeConte. 

Ordered, that commissions be issued for Francis 
Stringer, as Captain; John Ryal, First Lieutenant; Wil- 
liam Godby, Second Lieutenant; and William Ryal, 
Third Lieutenant, of a Company of Militia in Lower 
District of St. George's Parish. 

That a commission be issued for Joseph Atkerson, as 
Captain of a Company of Militia in the Lower District 
of St. George's Parish, &c. 

Mr. Jonathan Bryan, John Houstoun and Col. Mcintosh 
waited on the Board and reported what they had repre- 
sented to General Lee relative to the state of the Provin- 
ces, which was as follows, viz. : 

The Deputies sent hj desire of General Lee from the 
Colony of Georgia, to confer with him upon the state of 
that Colony, and the mode of putting it in the best pos- 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 71 

ture of defense against all enemies, external and in- 
ternal, are of opinion, That it is evident that that Pro- 
vince is in a most weak and defenceless situation; and 
besides that the intrinsic value of the lands, of other 
property in the Province, its situation as a frontier, fine 
inlets, harbours and rivers, and plenty of provision, 
makes it of the utmost consequence, perhaps equal to 
any other on the continent in the great Cause of 
America, that as it is not only liable to be attacked by 
sea on the east, in common with the other colonies, but 
from the south and west by the garrisoned Province 
of the Floridas and the most numerous tribes of savages 

in America, and far less able than any of them to bear it, 

* * * 

The Deputies sent from Georgia by desire of his Ex- 
cellency General Lee, to confer with him upon the state 
of that Colony, in order to devise the best method of 
putting it in a proper posture of defence, beg leave to 
represent, That from the weak and defenceless situation 
of the Colony, surrounded as it is with enemies, it stands 
in immediate need of assistance from the General Con- 
gress, and when they consider that however small the 
Colony may be of itself, in a comparative point of view, 
yet that from the great plenty of provisions, numerous 
stocks of cattle, excellent inlets, harbours and rivers 
(perhaps equal to any upon the Continent) with which 
the Colony abounds; and, above all, the firm attachment 
of its inhabitants to the American Cause, they are led 
to trust that the protection and security of that Colony 
will be held an object of considerable importance. 

Not one of the thirteen United Colonies is so weak 
within, or so much exposed from without. To the east 
the inhabitants suffer the ravages of British cruisers, 
their negroes are daily inveigled and carried away from 
their plantations; British fieets may be supplied with 
beef from several large islands, well stocked with cattle, 
which line their coasts and around which large ships 



7S Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

may sail. To the south they have the Province of 
East Florida, the inhabitants and soldiery of which 
must of necessity make inroads upon Georgia for the 
article of provision with which they have been here- 
tofore chiefly supplied. Georgia here stands as a barrier 
to South Carolina, and effectually secures that Province 
against like depredations. The southern parts of Geor- 
gia contain vast stocks of cattle, and our most valuable 
rice plantations lie that way. By some late computa- 
tions there are said to be upwards of thirty thousand 
head of black cattle in the Province, and hogs without 
number. 

We have certain accounts of there being at this time 
upwards of one thousand British troops in Saint Augus- 
tine. To the west and almost down upon the Georgia 
line are the most numerous tribes of Indians now in 
North America, viz. : the Creeks, Cherokees, Choctaws, 
and a number of small tribes, in the whole at least 15,000 
gun men. All these nations have been much tampered 
with by the emissaries of Government, and without the 
utmost exertions of prudence on our side, it is feared 
may be brought to act against us. They are so situated 
as to make it extremely convenient for our enemies to 
supply them from East and West Florida with ammuni- 
nition and everything that they want. Our last ac- 
counts from the Indians are rather unfavorable, and 
when we consider their natural principle of infidelity, 
and how much more able our enemies are to purchase 
their friendship by presents, &c., than we are, there 
seems to be the greatest reason to apprehend a rupture 
with them. In such a case the fate of Georgia may be 
easily conceived. Add to all these considerations the 
vast numbers of negroes we have, perhaps of themselves 
sufficient to subdue us. In point of number the blacks 
exceed the whites, and the ready channel of supply and 
secure retreat which Saint Augustine affords, render 
them much to be dreaded. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 73 

The conquest of Georgia would be considered as a 
great acquisition by Great Britain. It is a most excel- 
lent provision country, abounds with ship-timber and 
lumber of all kinds, and is most conveniently situated 
for a place of rendezvous to their shipping. Under all 
these circumstances, it must certainly appear indispens- 
ably necessary that measures be immediately taken for 
the defence and security of that Province; but the low 
situation in point of means or ability of its inhabitants 
puts it out of their power to do it of themselves, more 
especially as they have been already put to a very great 
expense in consequence of the late descent upon them. 
The great object seems to be men, fortifications, and a 
good understanding with the Indians. We would, 
therefore, beg leave to propose: 

1st. That his Excellency General Lee be requested to 
state the peculiar situation of the Province of Georgia 
to the General Congress, and to obtain directions from 
them to raise and take into Continental pay so many 
men as may be conceived to be sufficient to defend the 
Province. (In our opinion less than six battalions will 
not answer the purpose.) But as we do not conceive 
any of these men can be recruited in Georgia, we would 
apprehend it full as eligible (if that can be done) to 
order some of the regiments already raised to march 
thither. And, further, that the four troops of horse 
already raised be augmented to a regiment and put 
upon the Continental Establishment. Part of these 
battalions and troops may be so stationed as to serve 
equally for the protection of Georgia and South Caro- 
lina against the Indians, and above all may entirely 
shut up the communication between them and our ene- 
mies to the southward, which, in our opinion will be 
the most effectual means of preventing an Indian war. 

2d. That the sum of £ sterling be granted by the 

General Congress for building fortifications and guard 
boats in the Province of Georgia. The reason why we 



74 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

conceive this ought to be a general charge, is because it 
is evident the same will serve against attacks from the 
south and for cutting off the communication between 
East and West Florida and the Indians, upon which the 
peace of the back inhabitants of Georgia, South Caro- 
lina, North Carolina and Virginia depends. Besides, it 
seems to be a part of the plan of Administration to 
throw forces into the Indian country, where they expect 
to be joined by a considerable number of the savages, 
and in this event there is no Province or place thro' 
which they could so conveniently pass as thro' Georgia. 
3d. It is a fixed principle with the Indians to be paid 
for their good offices, and in this controversy we con- 
ceive they will expect to be well paid, even for neutral- 
ity. The articles they prefer will doubtless be ammuni- 
tion and clothing, but these we have it not in our power 
to give them. We would then propose cattle as a sub- 
stitute, and are inclined to think, if the communication 
between them and our enemies were cut off, they would 
soon be brought to be well satisfied with a present of 
this kind. It is, therefore, submitted to the General 
Congress whether it would not be worth while to give 
direction that head of cattle be purchased and dis- 
tributed among the Indians by the Commissioners. We 
are of opinion this step would answer many valuable 
purposes, and would have a tendency not only of attach- 
ing them to our interest from gratitude, but would also 
be a means of civiHzing them, and by fixing the idea of 
property would keep them honest and peaceable with 
us for fear of reprisals. 



At a meeting of the Council, July Yth, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonn. Bryan. John Wereat. 

Archibald Bulloch. Daniel Roberts. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Wm. LeConte. Jonathan Cochrane. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 76 

His Excellency the President, laid before the Board 
several letters and affidavits received per express from 
Augusta, containing a most alarming account of the In- 
dians, breaking out, killing some, and carrying others off 
as prisoners; upon mature consideration thereon, it was 
agreed, that his Excellency should issue his orders to 
the several field officers throughout the Province to hold 
themselves in readiness to march where the service 
might require, and to write to Col. Rae and Capt. Mar- 
bury. 

His Excellency laid before the Board a receipt of ten 
pounds, being cash he had paid to Mr. Edgcombe. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 8th, 17T6. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the Prest. Daniel Roberts. Benjamin Andrew. 
John Bohun Girardeau. Jonn. Cochraue. John Wereat. 
Jonathan Bryan. Willm. LeConte. 

His Excellency laid before the Board sundry dispatches 
from Col. Rae, and Capt. Marbury, which being consid- 
ered, ordered, that a letter be sent to Col. Rae to inform 
him that a bench warrant is out against Col. George 
Wells, which if he does not pay obedience to, he must 
support the same with a draught from his Regiment 
and that the Committee of which he is chairman is to 
be considered as the only Committee of that District, 
that a letter be also wrote to Sherwood Bugg, chairman 
of the pretended Committee, forbidding him to assume 
the powers of a committee, etc. 

The inhabitants of Queensborough presented a peti- 
tion to the Board for a supply of ammunition. 

Ordered, that fifty pounds weight gun powder and 
one hundred weight lead be allowed to them accordingly. 

Ordered, also two hundred weight gun powder and 
five hundred weight lead be delivered to Col. Rae for the 
District of Augusta, etc. 



76 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Mr. William Belcher waited on the Board and quali- 
fied as Justice of the Peace for the Parish of Saint 
Philip, and also took the test appointed for all the male 
inhabitants of this Province. 

He also informed the Board of sundry dangerous 
practices of William Love and Charles Hall of St. Phil- 
ip's Parish. 

Ordered, that his Excellency do issue orders to appre- 
hend the said William Love and Charles Hall, and that 
Col. Mcintosh be requested to send a detachment from 
the Battalion for that purpose. 

That orders issue to take the arms at Mr. Montague's, 
and Mr. Harris's, and also the swivels on board the brig 
at Sapalo River and two two pounders at Mr. Bailies. 

It was agreed to issue the following order to Quintin 
Pooler. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., Etc. 
To Quintin Pooler of Savannah, Esqr. 

You are hereby required and commanded to yield and deliver up 
to Thomas Burton, Esquire, of the Parish of St. George, all and 
singular the negroes, which you shall have in your possession, be- 
longing to the estate of William McDaniel late of the same place, 
planter, deceased, or which were in his possession at the time of 
his death, and have been since taken into your custody, particular- 
ly certain negro slaves, which you lately took into your custody 
under claim of a certain deed. The said Thomas Burton being ap- 
pointed Executor for the time, and until it shall appear who is en- 
titled to the administration of the estate of the said deceased — 
hereof fail not. Given under my hand, etc. 

PROVINCE OF GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., Etc., Etc. 
To Thomas Burton, of Saint George's Parish, in the Province 
Aforesaid, Esqr. 

Whereas, William McDaniel, late of the same Parish and Prov- 
ince, planter, deceased, was in his life time, and at the time of his 
death, as it has been represented unto us, possessed of divers 
negroes and other personal estate to a considerable amount. And, 
whereas, in consequence of the late distracted situation of this 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 77 



Province the Courts of Ordinary, as well as all other Courts were 
entirely shut, by reason whereof, no will could be proved, or letters 
of administration of the said estate granted to any person M'hatso- 
ever; and, whereas, it has been suggested unto us, that the estate 
of the said deceased hath been much injured and some part there- 
of carried away from the plantation of the said deceased, where- 
by those entitled thereto may be considerable losers. Wherefore, I 
have thought proper, by and with the advice and consent of the 
honorable the Council of Safety, to appoint you, and you are here- 
by appointed Executor for the time of the aforesaid estate. And 
you are directed to collect and gather together all and singular the 
pergonal estate of the said deceased. And to keep the same 
in and upon the plantation of the said deceased, in the best order 
and condition and to take care that no damage happen thereto. 
And all persons whatsoever are hereby required to yield and de- 
liver up to you whatever part of the said estate they shall have in 
their hands, for all which, this shall be your warrant. This ap- 
pointment to continue, until my further order. 

Given under my hand and seal at Savannah, this eighth day of 
July, one thousand seven hundred and seventy six. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 9th, 1T76. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. John Houston. Jonathan Cochrane. 

John Bohun Girardeau. John Wereat. Dan'l Roberts. 

Benj. Andrew. Wm. LeConte. 

His Excellency laid before the Board sundry letters 
from Col. Candler and others respecting the Indians. 
Ordered, that similar orders be sent to Col. Candler as 
was sent to Col. Eae yesterday. 

The district of Little Ogeechee made a return of officers 
that were elected the 8th inst., viz. : Stephen Dean, Esqr., 
Captain; Charles Odingsell, First Lieutenant; Benjamin 
Farley, Second Lieutenant; and David Fox, Third Lieu- 
tenant, and commissions were ordered for them accord- 
ingly. 

The following was received from the prisoners now 
in confinement: 

The gentlemen confined at Mr. Mossman's house by oi-der of your 
Excellency, having been informed that the Congress has left it to 



78 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

you to grant them such allowance as you may think suflBcient for 
their support, request that you will please to take the same under 
consideration and give your orders accordingly. 

It was the opinion of the Council that the prisoners 
should only be allowed the rations, as the Militia of ye 
Province. 

Ordered, that fifty weight of gunpowder and one 
hundred weight of lead be delivered to Col. Candler, for 
the use of the back settlements. 

Capt. James McFarland qualified as Justice of the 
Peace for the District of Wrightsborough. 

Barnard Herd, Esqr., qualified for the Middle District, 
Ceded Lands. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 11th, 1776. 

present: 

His Excellency Archd. Bulloch. 
John Wereat. Jonathan Cochrane. Benjn. Andrew. 

Wm. LeConte. Jonathan Bryan. Dan'l Roberts. 

John Bohun Girardeau. 

Ordered, that Mr. Kelly's bill be paid, amounting to 
one pound, three shillings and six pence, for bringing a 
deserter to Savannah, lately from Saint Augustine, and 
also fourteen shillings expended during his stay in Sa- 
vannah. 

Mr. Kelly desired of the Board to have leave to make 
reprisals on the Province of East Florida, for depreda- 
tions they have made on this Colony, and to have a 
commission for that purpose, which was granted him. 

Ordered, that commissions be issued for Joseph Far- 
ley, Junr., as Second Lieutenant, and James Alexander, 
Third Lieutenant of the volunteer company of Militia 
commanded by Capt. John Martin. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 79 

Capt. Lee waited on the Board and made application 
for a boat, which was granted him; also, it was agreed 
that he should enlist men, giving them the same bounty 
as he was heretofore allowed, provided they enlisted for 
the space of eighteen months. 

That a line be wrote to Mr. James Butler, informing 
that he may repair the Ogeechee causeway, and that it 
will be allowed in ye public work. 

That an order be issued to Mr. Shem Butler to permit 
Mr. Croker to have the use of his late father's house, &c. 

Ordered, that Mr. Wright do deliver to Mr, Jonathan 
Bryan one dozen Romal handkerchiefs for Indians, and 
that Mr. Martin do also deliver fifty weight of bullets, etc. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board a 
letter from Mr. James Robertson, respecting his confine- 
ment. Ordered, that the commanding officer of the 
guard be directed to give him his enlargement. 

Samuel Livingston laid before the Board an account, 
amounting to four pounds, sixteen shillings, which was 
ordered payment. 

Mr. Thomas Johnston presented a petition to the 
Board; which being read and considered, ordered, that 
Mr. Johnston remain as a prisoner at Mr. Mossman's, 
where he now is. 

Mr. John Inglis' letter being considered, it was agreed 
that orders should be issued for his enlargement, and 
also for the enlargement of Benjamin Wilson. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board 
sundry letters, and a petition from Sherwood Bugg, as 
Chairman of Committee at Augusta, which being read 
and considered, it was the opinion of the Board that 
they could have nothing to do with Sherwood Bugg, as 
Chairman, and therefore laid aside the petition, &c. 



80 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

At a meeting of the Council, July 16th, 1Y76. 

PRESENT: 

His Excellency Archd. Bulloch. 
Jonathan Cochrane. John Girardeau. Wm. LeConte. 

Jonathan Bryan, Adam Fowler Brisbane. John Houstoun. 

Daniel Roberts. 

His Excellency proposed to the Board the purchase of 
some indigo from Mr. Lavien, for the purpose of pro- 
curing arms and ammunition on the risque of the Pro- 
vince, and that it should be paid for in Carolina or Con- 
tinental currency, which was agreed to. 

Mr. Houston represented some matters to the Board 
respecting Mr. Shem Butler and Mrs. Croker, which be- 
ing considered, it was ordered that Mrs. Croker do at- 
tend the Board on Friday morning next. 

Mr. George Baillie presented a petition to the Board 
requesting that he might be indulged so as to be re- 
moved from Mr. Mossman's house to his own, as it can 
make no material difference, if he is confined therein, 
which was granted him. 

Ordered, that his Excellency the President, Mr. Coch- 
rane and Mr. Girardeau be a secret committee for the 
purpose of bringing arms and ammunition into the Pro- 
vince on the risque of the public. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 19th, 1T76. 

PRESENT : 
His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. Benjamin Andrew. 
John Bohun Girardeau. Daniel Roberts. Willra. LeConte. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. John Houstoun. 

Thomas Ross, Esqr., waited on the Board and quali- 
fied as Justice of the Peace for the Parish of Christ 
Church. 

The Board being informed that Mr. Quintin Pooler 
had refused to obey their orders by keeping in his pos- 
session the negroes that lately belonged to Mr. Willm. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 81 

McDaniel, deceased; it was their opinion that orders do 
issue to apprehend and take into safe custody the said 
Quintin Pooler. 

That the officers taken prisoners be not permitted to 
go at large on their parole, but that a genteel lodging be 
provided for them with a guard. 

Mr. Shem Butler and Mrs. Croker waited on the Board 
and made representation of their affair, which being 
considered it was the opinion of the Board, that Mrs. 
Croker be permitted to reside at Rosedew Plantation, 
but that she do not tamper with the negroes and have 
nothing to do with plantation business and give security 
to that purpose, and that James Butler and Dr. Younge 
be not admitted on the plantation. 

Ordered that the following gentlemen, viz: Nathl. 
Adams, George Houstoun, Doctor Jones, David Fisher, 
and John Houstoun, be appointed Commissioners of the 
White Bluff Road, and that they be served with a copy 
of this order. 

Mr. William O'Brien waited on the Board, and quali- 
fied as Justice of the Peace for the Parish of Christ 
Church. Also William Stephens, Esqr., qualified as 
Justice of the Quorum. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., President and Com- 
mander in Chief of the said Province, in Council. 
To the Provost Marshal of the said Province, Greeting: 

Whereas, Quintin Pooler of Savannah, in the said Province, 
gentleman, hath not only refused to comply with the orders issued 
from this Board, sitting and acting agreeable to the Constitution 
of the said Province ; but hath also been guilty of a contempt of 
the said Board. 

These are therefore to command and require you the said Pro- 
vince Marshal without delay to take into your custody the body 
of the said Quintin Pooler, and him safely detain in close confine- 
ment, until he shall be therefrom discharged by orders issued from 
me in Council. For which this shall be your warrant. 

Given under my hand and seal in Council, this nineteenth day of 
July, 1776. 

(Signed) Arch. Bulloch. 



82 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency, Etc. 
To the Provost Marshal, Etc. 

Whereas, Quintin Pooler of Savannah, in the said Province, 
Gentleman, hath taken into his possession and secreted sundry 
negroes belonging to the estate of William McDaniel, deceased. 
These are therefore to command and require you the said Provost 
Marshal to make diligent search after the said negroes, and to take 
the same and deliver them into the hands of Mr. Thomas Burton 
of the Parish of Saint George ; for which this shall be your warrant. 

Given under my hand and seal, etc. 

(Signed) Archd. Bulloch. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 25th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. Daniel Roberts. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Nathan Brownson. Wm. LeConte. 
John Bohun Girardeau. Jonathan Bryan. 

Mr. Robert Hamilton waited on the Board and repre- 
sented sundry matters respecting the Town and District 
of Augusta, and requested liberty for the said Town and 
District to elect a new Parochial Committee; when it 
was the opinion of the Board, that all the Parishes and 
Districts within this Province be ordered, at the same 
time they choose Delegates, to elect new Parochial Com- 
mittees: He also requested an order that the Com- 
mander of the Militia should take possession of Mr. 
Gordon's Fort, and also made representation of some 
goods in possession of Capt. Manson, which being con- 
sidered, it was thought proper to defer the same till fur- 
ther inquiry. 

Mr. Robert Hamilton qualified as Justice of the Peace 
for the Parish of Saint Paul. 

Capt. Daniel Roberts laid before the Board sundry 
accounts against the public of Capt. Nathl. Saxton, 
which, being examined, were ordered payment. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 83 

It was the opinion of the Board that orders should be 
immediately issued to take into possession all the goods 
that may be found secreted on Savannah River, or in 
any stores whatever in the Province. 

Mr. Thomas Burton presented a petition to the Board, 
and Col. Stirk being sent for in consequence thereof, 
exculpated himself from some charges against him. It 
was ordered that Col. Stirk do assist the Provost Mar- 
shal in taking Quiutin Pooler and the negroes belonging 
to the estate of Mr. McDaniel. 

Nathan Brownson, Esqr., qualified as Justice of the 
Quorum for the Province of Georgia. 

Mr. John Houstoun and Mr. William Stephens attended 
on the Board as counsel concerned for Mr. Shem Butler 
and James Butler, and oath of James Hamilton Casey 
being read and the substance thereof debated, it was the 
opinion of the Board that a warrant do issue to take into 
custody the bodies of James Butler and Doctor Charles 
Younge, and to bring them before this Board. 

Ordered, that James Maxwell, David Huguine, James 
Butler, James Mackay, John Hern, Benjamin Stiles and 
Adam Fowler Brisbane be Commissioners of the Road 
for the Parish of Saint Philip. 

Mrs. Wereat presented a petition to the Board inform- 
ing of an advertisement for the sale of the plantation 
and negroes belonging to James Hume, Esqr., and that 
the said James Hume was greatly indebted to her hus- 
band, and therefore requests that the sale might be 
stopped. Ordered, that the said sale be stopped, and all 
others of the like kind. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 26th, 1776. 
present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. Daniel Roberts. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Nathan Brownson. Jonn. Bryan. 

John Houstoun. Willm. LeConte. 



84 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Ordered, that William O'Brien and Thomas Ross, 
Esqrs., do take a Constable or Constables with them 
and proceed 'round the Town of Savannah and tender 
the Test, ordered by our Provincial Congress, to all the 
male inhabitants of the said Town, and those who re- 
fuse to take the said Test, they are immediately to com- 
mit to safe custody, agreeable to the Resolve of Con- 
gress. 

Ordered, that Mr. Wm. LeConte and Mr. Jonathan 
Bryan be a committee to raise the scout boat. 

Philip Dell presented a petition to the Board request- 
ing leave to go to Saint Augustine in order to seek after 
his son, supposed to be in confinement there. Ordered, 
that Philip Dell have permission accordingly. 

Mr. John Stewart qualified as Justice of the Peace for 
the Parish of Saint Paul. 

Mr. William Connell was appointed Adjutant of the 
BattaUon of Militia commanded by Col. Jones. 



At a meeting of the Council, Savannah, July 30th, 

1776. 

PRESENT: 

His Excellency the Prest. Daniel Roberts. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Bohun Girardeau. William LeConte. Samuel Saltus. 
John Adam Treutlen. John Houstoun. 

Ordered, that commissions do issue for Daniel Bun- 
nell, as Captain, Robert Dixon, First Lieutenant, and 
Thomas Mills, second Lieutenant of a Company of Mili- 
tia in the Upper District of Saint Matthew's Parish, 2d 
Battalion, 1st Regiment. 

Ordered, that Col. Mcintosh, Col. Scriven, Capt. 
Baker and Capt. Woodruff e be recommended to go as 
volunteers on an expedition to East Florida, and that 
his Excellency do issue orders accordingly. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 85 

Messrs. James Butler and Charles Younge presented 
a petition to the Board requesting to be heard by the 
Board, by themselves or their counsel. 

James Whitefield, Esqr,, was appointed Register of 
Probate. 

Whereas, it has been represented to this Board that 
the public papers belonging to the Secretary's office at 
Ebenezer may receive damage; it is, therefore, thought 
necessary to depute James Whitefield, Esqr., to bring 
the same to Savannah, and that he take them in charge, 
giving any person leave to examine the said papers, 
they paying such fees as were usually paid to the Secre- 
tary of the Province. 

Dr. James Dunwoodie was chosen member of this 
Board in the room of John Wereat, Esqr., who is absent. 

Mr. Douglass waited on the Board and represented 
that Capt. Wm. Bryan had taken, among the things at 
his planation, some nails, hoes, &c. Ordered, that such 
necessaries as shall appear to be designed for Mr. Doug- 
lass' private use, be re-delivered to him. 

Ordered, that a commission do issue for Mr. John 
Stewart, as Lieutenant of the Troop of Horse com- 
manded by Capt. Hovenden. 

Mr. Andrew requested for an order of one hundred 
pounds, in part of an account, for erecting a battery in 
the Town of Sunbury, which was granted. 



At a meeting of the Council, July 31st, 1YY6. 
present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. William LeConte. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Samuel Saltus. John Houstoun. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Daniel Roberts. 

Mr. Hazard waited on the Board and made claim to a 
negro wench and two children lately taken near Wright's 
Fort, which being considered, it was the opinion of the 



86 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Board that she and her children could not be sold, but 
that the other negroes taken with her should be sold at 
vendue by Mr. Jacobs. 

Mr. Bryan laid an account before the Board for hire 
of negroes, &;c., which was ordered payment. 

Sundry accounts were also ordered payment, being 
wages for the boat of observation. 



At a meeting of the Council, August 1st, 17Y6. 

PEESENT : 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. Daniel Roberts. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. William LeConte. Samuel Saltus. 
John Bohun Girardeau. John Houstoun. Colonel Scriven. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board his 
account current with the public, which being examined, 
it appeared that the sum of thirteen pounds fourteen 
shillings and seven pence was the balance due to His 
Excellency. 

Received August 1st, 1776, of His Excellency, Archibald Bulloch, 
Esquire, the sum of two thousand six hundred and twenty-eight 
pounds fourteen shillings and seven pence in full of all demands 
due to the public. By order of the Council. 

Edwd. Langworthy, Secretary. 

Whereas, it appears by the estimate of Congress, that 
the sum of one thousand pounds was provided in order 
to enable His Excellency the President and Council to 
stop up the back river; and, whereas, upon enquiry it is 
found that the said service is impracticable; and it hav- 
ing been represented to Council, that the Congress have 
not voted a sum sufficient for the contingent expenses 
of government. The Council, therefore, resolve that the 
Treasurers do pay out of the said sum of one thousand 
pounds provided for the stoppage of the back river, any 
sums of money for the public service that may be or- 
dered by His Excellency the President in Council, and 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 87 

that we will indemnify the Treasurers for so doing. 
Mr. Strothers applied for leave to pass through the 
Creek Nation in order to go to the Mississippi, promising 
to use his influence with the Creeks, and to give security 
of his return; it was the opinion of the Board that he be 
permitted agreeable to his request. 

Mr. James Butler and Doctor Charles Younge ap- 
peared before this Board with their counsel, in order to 
clear themselves of an accusation, respecting the con- 
tempt thereof, and being heard, it was the opinion of the 
Board, they should be dismissed, first taking the follow- 
ing oath: 

GEORGIA-ss. : 

James Butler and Charles Younge of the Province aforesaid, 
make oath and say that they have not, nor hath either of them 
said, or done anything mentioned in the affidavit of James Hamil- 
ton Casey, and Shem Butler, \fhich they meant or intended as any 
contempt or reflection, upon the proceedings of the President and 
Council of this Province, and that they had no notice of the or- 
ders of this Board, requiring them to keep away from Rosedew 
Plantation. 

(Signed) James Butler. 

Charles Younge. 

Mr. James Butler was forbid to go on Rosedew Plan- 
tation, and Dr. Charles Younge promised not to go, but 
as a physician to the family, and then not to intermed- 
dle with the affairs of the plantation. 

James Whitefield, Esqr., waited on the Board and 
qualified as Register of Probates, and also as Justice of 
the Peace for the Parish of Christ Church. 

Mr. James Robertson represented to the Board that 
sundry household goods at Mr. Hume's plantation would 
receive damage and be destroyed, and therefore requested 
leave to sell the same. It was the opinion of the Board 
that Mr. Robertson have permission to sell the said 
goods, but to be accountable to this Board for the 
amount thereof, if required hereafter. 



88 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Savannah, Aug. 1st, 1776. 
Gentlemen: — I herewith send yoa a copy of what passed in 
Council this morning. There are notes to the amount of sixteen 
hundred pounds that have been expended mostly on account of the 
Battalion and Troops of Horse. What monies are deficient to take 
up these notes, you are to pay out of the thousand pounds, pro- 
vided for the stoppage of the back river, as expressed in the copy I 
have now sent you, and the overplus is appropriated to contingent 
services. 1 am, sir, yours etc, 

Edwd. Langworthy. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Aug. 2d, 1YY6. 
present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjn. Andrew. Daniel Roberts. 

John Bohun Girardeau. William LeConte. Samuel Saltus. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. James Scriven. 

Ordered, that the Light Infantry and Grenadier Com- 
pany be discharged from doing duty in the Town of 
Savannah. 

Ordered, that the Treasurers do pay to Mrs. Frances 
Brown, Sarah Kirk and Ehzabeth Langford the sum of 
five pounds each. 

Jacob Jacobs presented an account to the Board, 
when it was their opinion that he could not be paid his 
charge, as Clerk of the Battalion. 

His Excellency represented to the Board the great 
want of guards on several rivers and inlets in this Pro- 
vince. Ordered, that Col. Mcintosh do send detach- 
ments of his battalion to Ogeechee and Skidaway. 

Ordered, that such merchants as have any goods still 
remaining in store, be forthwith directed to dispose of 
the same for the use of the public. 



At a meeting of the Council of Safety, Aug. 8th, 17T6. 
present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. Jonathan Bryan. 
John Bohun Girardeau. Samuel Saltus. John Houstoun. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Daniel Roberts. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 89 

♦■. 

The President laid before the Board a letter from the 
Honorable John Hancock, Esqr., together with a copy 
of the Declaration of Independency, which being read 
it was agreed that it be proclaimed in this Town on 
Saturday next at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, and 
that orders do issue to the Commanding Officers of the 
Militia to assemble the people accordingly. 

Mr. Thomas Young presented a petition to the Board 
setting forth that when he was last at Saint Augustine 
he purchased a quantity of goods from one Archibald 
Lundy and that he now stands actually engaged for the 
payment of the said goods to the amount of upwards of 
three thousand five hundred pounds sterling, etc. 

GEORGIA: 

To His Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esquire, President, and to 
the Members of the Honhl. the Council for the Province afore- 
said. 
The Memorial and Presentation of Thomas Young of the said 
Province. 

Showeth : — That your memorialist sometime ago was applied to 
by a secret Committee appointed by your Board to procure from 
the neigboring Province some articles of clothing and other neces- 
saries for the use of the Battalion in this Province. 

That when your Memorialist went to Saint Augustine for the 
said purpose, he discovered that one Archibald Lundy had con- 
siderable stock of goods lying in this Province, imported within 
the continental regulations, but unknown to any but those con- 
cerned in the care of said goods. 

That the said Arch. Lundy was not disposed to retail the said 
goods in this Province, under the present situation of things, but 
seemed determined by some means or other to sell them off by 
wholesale. 

That your Memorialist conceive that such a stock of goods would 
be of infinite service to the inhabitants of this Province, and that 
in consequence of the present urgent demand for goods, they would 
turn out to good account to any person who should purchase them, 
and therefore concluded a bargain with the said Archd. Lundy for 
the whole of said goods. 

That your Memorialist avers he did not know of the said goods, 
till after he went to Saint Augustine, and that the bargain of agree- 
ment between him and Lundy was fairly and bona-fide made. And 



90 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 



that your Memorialist now stands actually engaged for the pay- 
ment of the said goods to the amount of ui^wards of three thous- 
and five hundred pounds sterling. 

That your Memorialist begs leave to suggest that he conceived 
the faith of the Province pledged to him and all others, who should 
bring in for sale to this Province any sort of goods not prohibited 
by the Association and other resolve of Congress. And further 
that at this time when we are striking out a new channel of Trade 
and our distresses for goods already become great, he apprehends 
every indulgence ought to be shown to the merchants and. prop- 
erty in trade held the most sacred of all property. 

That your Memorialist now finds, that the said goods are by or- 
der of your Honorable Board seized and taken into custody. 

That your Memorialist is led to believe this must have been done 
under an idea that they were the goods of Lundy, or one Taylor 
(who acted for Lundy), but this he begs leave to assure Your Ex- 
cellency is not the case — he having as before set forth actually pur- 
chased them, and the property vested in him. 

That your Memorialist begs leave to assure Your Excellency and 
Honors that he purchased the said goods with a full intention of 
selling them in this Province, and had no view of anything 
clandestine, or unbecoming the merchant and fair dealer, and will 
now pledge himself, that should the said goods be returned to him 
he will dispose of them all within the Province, and will in the first 
place let Your Excellency and Honors have whatever necessaries 
may be thought wanting for the public service. 

Your Memorialist therefore, under the particular circumstances 
of the case, and as it must appear that the said order was founded 
upon a mistake, as to the property of the said goods, prays that 
there may be an order from your Honorable Board for the redeliv- 
ery to him of all the said goods, wares and merchandise. 

And your Memorialist, etc. 

Ordered, that the goods be still retained in possession of 
the Commissary and sold by him to the people, and that 
this Board will be answerable to Mr. Lundy for the 
amount of the goods that come into their hands. 

Ordered, that the Declaration of Independency be 
read at the Assembly House, Liberty Pole and the Bat- 
tery. 

Ordered, that Mr. Thomas Reid be directed to bring 
his goods to Savannah and to sell them to the inhabi- 
tants. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 91 

Mrs. Ann Cuthbert presented a petition to the Board, 
setting forth, that very lately some person, or persons, 
without leave of your petitioner, have taken upon them 
to cut a new road to Newington, in order to make that 
road somewhat shorter than the old road, though it will 
be very prejudicial to the owners of the forty-five acre 
lots in general and particularly so to your petitioner, as 
it runs through the best of her land; that the old road 
runs on the line of the said lots and consequently doth 
very little damage. 

Ordered, that Messrs. William Gibbons, Noble Wimb. 
Jones, Edward Telfair and John Joachim Zubly be sum- 
moned to attend this Board on Monday morning next, 
in order to explain the premises of the above petition. 

Ordered, that no person in the Town and District of 
Savannah, shall be permitted to retail spirituous Liquors 
without a proper license. 

Ordered, that a proclamation do issue forbidding all 
persons from selling any goods, etc., on the Sabbath day, 
and that the Magistrates do use their utmost endeavors 
to prevent all irregularities and profaneness. 



At a meeting of the Council, Aug. 9th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 
His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. Samuel Saltus. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Daniel Roberts. Jonathan Bryan. 

John Girardeau. John Houstoun. 

Thomas Young, Esqr., waited on the Board and re- 
quested that his affairs respecting the goods of Mr. 
Archibald Lundy might be reconsidered, when it was the 
determination of the Board, that it be referred to the 
consideration of the next Congress. 

Capt. Roberts, Messrs. Girardeau and Saltus being ap- 
pointed a Committee to agree with some gentlemen 
about loading, etc., some vessels for the service of the 



92 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

public, reported that they had, agreeable to orders, met 
at Mr. Lavien's; that they agreed with Mr. Philip Moore 
on the following terms, viz. : That he should have one- 
half penny per pound freight on Indigo and ten pounds 
per cent commissions for buying and selling. That the 
public should guarantee the vessel against the weather, 
in proportion to what they ventured in her, and as Mr. 
Moore's vessel runs no risque, the Committee recom- 
mend that two thousand pounds be ventured in her, 
which was agreed to. They also report that Mr. Ra- 
toone offers his vessel to the public; that she is upwards 
of seventy ton burden, well built, rigged and fit for sea, 
and that he asks for her no more than two hundred and 
sixty five pounds. 

They also recommend that this vessel be purchased 
and that Commissioners be appointed to procure a load 
of rice for her, and send her off — and that Messrs. 
Thomas Maxwell, Senr., John Winn, Senr., and John 
Kell be Commissioners for that purpose — which being 
considered, it met with the approbation of the Board. 

Orders were issued that Mr. Edward Telfair have per- 
mission and authority to take any quantity of pitch 
pine plank, that may be upon Mr. Rae's wharf, or 
elsewhere in and about Savannah, for the purpose of 
building a galley, and that he be obliged to take a sworn 
measurer to take an account of it previous to a removal, 
and pay the proprietors, at the rates and prices of such 
plant, heretofore used for the public service. 

It was the determination of the Board, that the goods 
belonging to Archibald Lundy and claimed by Mr. Thos. 
Young, be sold by the Commissary at £75 per cent. 



At a meeting of the Council, 19th August, 1Y76. 

PRESENT : 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. John Houstoun. Saml. Saltus. 
John Adam Treutlen. Jonathan Bryan. Wm. LeConte. 
Jonathan Cochrane. Daniel Roberts. Nathan Brownson. 

Benjamin Andrew. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 93 

Gen. Lee waited on the Board and proposed the fol- 
lowing questioA for consideration: 

First — Whether as the Post on St. Mary's is now abandoned and 
the whole country between that river and Saint John's broke up, 
and as there is no possibiHty of transporting cannon, ammunition, 
provisions, or collecting a sufficient number of men for the Siege 
and reduction of Augustine, an irruption into East Florida can be 
productive of so important advantages to the general cause, or to 
this State of Georgia in particular, as to compensate for the trouble 
and expense ; and what these advantages are ? 

What are the means of certainly supplying the troops with grain 
and meat ? How their baggage is to be transported. Whether it 
can be safely transported by water ? 

If it cannot, whether wagons can pass, if the road is practicable 
only to horses, how pack saddles are to be provided ? 

Ordered, that Messrs. Jonathan Bryan and Nathan 
Brownson be a Committee to answer the questions pro- 
posed by Gen. Lee. 

Sir: — The Council having taken into consideration your Excel- 
lency's questions, this day laid before them, are clearly of the opin- 
ion that an irruption into the Province of East Florida will be at- 
tended with the most salutary consequences to this Province and, 
of course, render service to the whole Continent. The reasons 
which weigh with them are as follows: 

First — That they conceive the reduction of St. Augustine to be 
a very considerable object with the Continent in general, but to 
this Province in particular. 

Second — They are led to hope that if the whole country around 
is ravaged, the cattle on the east side of Saint John's drove off and 
the inhabitants obliged to evacuate their plantations and fly into 
the Castle, the scarcity of provisions and the want of fresh sup- 
plies of many articles from the country wUl of itself oblige the Gar 
rison to submit to our arms. 

Third — That supposing this last consequence not to happen, yet 
the driving our enemies so far from our country will be of infinite 
advantage — in this that it will be a means of preventing the loss of 
negroes, either by desertion or otherwise by land. 

Fourth — That the country being in our possession will, not only 
from principles of dread, attach the Indians to our interest, but 
will also put it in our power to prevent our enemies from holding 
any intercourse with these savages, or having any opportunity to 
tamper with them, or supply or stir them up against us. And we 
conceive that after the Province shall be so broke up a single Troop 



94 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

of Horse appointed to range on the west side of the River St John 
will be quite sufficient to cut ofif all communication between the 
Creek Indians and the people of East Florida. 

Fifth— By carrying distress and war into the country, we incline 
to think the inhabitants of East Florida will find themselves so 
much engaged at home, as not to be able to fit out Privateers against 
this Province, till we are better prepared for them. This Province 
has been harassed and they expect to be much more so with Priva- 
teers in case some vigorous blow is not struck against East Florida, 
and we are inclined to think the plunder which will fall into the 
hands of the soldiers will well compensate them for the difficulty 
and toil attending their march. 

As to the other questions, viz: 

What are the means of certainly supplying the Troops with grain 
and meat, how is the baggage to be transported, and whether can 
it be transported safely by water ? We are of the opinion that 
while the troops remain on this side of the River Altamaha, there 
will be no occasion to do more than send a commissary ahead to pro 
vide rice and beef at different stages, as the troops advance. The 
country all along abounding with provisions, after they pass this 
river, we think it will be necessary to send a quantity of rice in 
boats with directions to meet the troops at different places, and we 
aa*e informed that these boats may go with great safety, there being 
an excellent inland passage to a place called Picallatto Creek within 
twenty miles of Saint Augustine. We imagine these boats must be 
procured in or about Savannah, or Sunbury, and therefore we 
would recommend that the troops send such of their baggage as 
they can't conveniently carry in their boats. Some horses will cer- 
tainly be necessary for the troops upon their march, which together 
with pack saddles we think may be got in this place. Wagons wiU 
be useless as they cannot proceed above fifty miles from this town. 

Ordered, that the sum of thirty pounds be advanced 
to Mr. John Sutcliffe for the use of Gen. Lee. 

Doctor Dunwody took his seat, as a member of this 
Board, and quahfied as a Justice of the Quorum for the 
Province. 



At a meeting of the Council, August 20th, 1776. 

PRESENT: 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Daniel Roberts. Samuel Saltus. 

John Adam Treutlen. Benjamin Andrew. Jonathan Bryan. 
John Houstoun. Nathan Brownson. William LeConte. 

John Girardeau. John Dunwody. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 95 

The Board being of opinion, that the intended expedi- 
tion against the Province of East Florida is a measure 
in which the welfare of this Province is particularly in- 
terested, and that if the same is successful, it cannot 
but produce the most happy effects to the inhabitants of 
Georgia. 

Resolved, That this Board will give all assistance in their power 
to forward the said Expedition, as the same shall be directed by 
his Excellency General Lee, and that a committee be appointed to 
wait upon the said General Lee and know of him what will be 
requisite for the said expedition, which this Province can afford, 
and to assure him of our hearty and ready disposition to join and 
concur with him in all matters which may have a tendency to re- 
duce the said Province of East Florida, or promote an irruption 
into the same, and that Messrs. Jonathan Bryan and Cochrane be 
that Committee. 

Ordered, that Capt. Sam'l Miller do have a piece of 
sail duck No. 8 delivered to him, he paying for the 
same. 

It being suggested that a number of boats will be 
wanted for transporting the troops and their baggage, 
in case they should proceed to the Southward, and that 
some boats proper for that service were just going away 
from this port; 

Ordered, that Capt. Thomas Morris be directed and 
have full power to go to the river side in and about Sa- 
vannah or elsewhere, and there view and inquire about 
all such boats as he apprehends will be fit for the said 
service, and that he do lay a restraint in nature of an 
embargo upon the same. And in case he apprehends 
there is danger of their being carried away, that he 
take the same into his possession, and apply for a guard 
from Capt. Woodruffe to take care of the same. This 
to continue until the further order of this Board. 

Estis, Esqr., waited on the Board and made applica- 
tion for the loan of two thousand pounds to pay off 
some of the Continental troops belonging to Col. Ken- 
non, which being considered it was the opinion of the 



96 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Board that the application ought to be made thro' his 
Excellency the General, or at least ought to be backed 
with a certificate from him. 

Ordered, that Doctor Brownson and Jonathan Coch- 
rane be a Committee to take proper security from Capt. 
Samuel Miller for the two thousand pounds allowed by 
the public for the purpose of fitting out an armed vessel. 

Edwd. Telfair. Esqr., made application for a guard 
over the row gallies now building; also, that his negro 
pilots be taken up and confined, and that some guard 
boat be stationed in Savannah River to prevent negroes 
from going down to Cockspur. It was the opinion of 
the Board that a guard be ordered to take care of the 
gallies, and also that it be recommended to Mr. Telfair 
to cause all the negro pilots belonging to him to be con- 
fined in some secure place, and that Capt. Woodruffe 
and the marines under his command be ordered to do 
duty every night in Savannah River till further orders. 

Henry Sharp presented a petition to the Board, which 
being considered, it was agreed that the said Henry 
Sharp should be discharged from confinement, he first 
giving approved security for his appearance. 

Application being made for two four-pounders to be 
sent to Ogeechee River; 

Ordered, that two four-pounders be delivered to the 
commanding officer of the Militia of the Lower District 
of Saint Philip's Parish. 



At a meeting of the Council, Aug. 22d, 1TY6. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. John Girardeau. 

John Adam Treutlen. Jonathan Cochrane. Sam'l Saltus. 
Nathan Brownson. Jonathan Bryan. John Dunwody. 

Ordered, that Col. Scriven be directed to apprehend 
and send to Savannah Messrs. Spalding and Porteous. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 97 

Capt. Leonard Marbury made application to the Board 
for leave to go with a detachment of Militia against 
some of the Cherokee towns. It was the opinion of the 
Board that orders be given to him accordingly. 

Ordered, that Capt. Thomas Morris do fit up, with all 
possible expedition, the row boats, and to get as many 
carpenters as he can procure for this purpose. 

Capt. Harvey having made information that sundry 
persons in the Back Settlements are about to leave the 
Province, and to take their property with them; it was 
the opinion of the Board that the commanding officers 
of the Militia be directed to stop and secure the property 
of such persons as are about to depart the Province, 
&c., &c. 

Ordered that commissions do issue for Andrew John- 
ston, as Captain, James Martin and Alexander Boys, 
Lieutenants, of a Company of Militia in the District of 
Queensborough. 

Also, for John McCandlas, as Captain, John Clements 
and John Patterson, Lieutenants, of a Company of 
Militia, as above. 

Likewise for William Tulley, as Captain, David Mer- 
rine and Drurey Roberts, Lieutenants, as above. 

And lastly, for Tuberfield Thomas, as First Lieuten- 
ant, and John Twittee, Second Lieutenant, of a Com- 
pany of Militia commanded by Capt. Charles Harvey. 

It was agreed by the Board that the corn flour now in 
Savannah River should be purchased by the public, at 
ten shillings per hundred. 



At a meeting of the Council, Aug. 23d, 1776. 
present: 

His Excellency Archd. Bulloch. 
John Bohun Girardeau. John Dunwody. Jonathan Cochrane. 
John Adam Treutlen. Samuel Saltus. Benjamin Andrew. 

Jonathan Bryan. Nathan Brownson. 



98 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Mr. Philip Moore laid before the Board an account of 
Mr. Andrew Lord, which was ordered to be deferred 
to the consideration of the next Congress. 

James Butler, Esqr., presented a petition to the 
Board, which being read it was ordered to be taken 
into consideration on Tuesday morning next, and that 
the parties concerned in the said petition be summoned 
to attend the Board. 

Capt. Hovenden having made a charge against Lieu- 
tenant Pugh of disobedience to orders, it was the opin- 
ion of the Board that Lieutenant Pugh do lose his com- 
mission, and also forfeit what wages may be due to him. 

General Lee sent the following to his Excellency the 
President: 

Sir :— I desire you'll furnish Mr. John Estis with eleven thous- 
and one hundred and thirty pounds South Carolina currency, and 
take his draft for the same on Col. William Kannon. 

I am, Sir, your most obt. & very humble servant, 

(Signed) Charles Lee, Major General. 
Savannah, Aug. 22d, 1776. 

To his Excellency the President. 

His Excellency the President delivered the following 
order to Mr. John Estis: 

Savannah, Aug. 23d, 1776. 
Gentlemen :— Pay to Mr. John Estis the sum of one thousand, 
five hundred and ninety pounds, and take his draft for the same 
on Col. William Kannon. 
£1590 I (Signed) Archd. Bulloch. 

To the Treasurers. 

That his Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., do issue 
orders to Lieutenant John Hardy that he be directed to 
procure immediately a boat and hands and proceed to 
the southward to reconnoitre the sounds and inlets and 
see whether there are any British Ships of War, or Priva- 
teers on the coasts, and to make his report as soon as 
possible. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 99 

It was the opinion of the Board that the pubHc should 
purchase two vessels from Capt. Samuel Miller for their 
service. 

Ordered, that Thomas Maxwell, John Kell, Thomas 
Peacock and John ^inn, Senr., be a Committee for 
loading and dispatching the vessels now in Sunbury 
purchased as above. 



In Council, August 24th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Cochrane. Samuel Saltus. 
John Girardeau. James Dunwody. John Houstoun. 

John Adam Treutlen. Nathan Brownson. 

Col. Jones having sent down sundry affidavits against 
Henry Sharp of Saint George's Parish, it was the opin- 
ion of the Board, that the said Henry Sharp should im- 
mediately be taken into custody, as being dangerous to 
the peace and good government of this Province. 

Gen. Lee sent the following card to his Excellency the 
President. 

Gen. Lee presents his compliments to his Excellency the Presi- 
dent, and acquaints him there are several wagoners who are willing 
to dispose of their wagons and teams— they came with the South 
Carolina Troops and will probably dispose of 'em to advantage. 

Gen. Lee is very sensible, the savings to the public will be great, 
and if the Province is not willing to keep 'em, they may afterwards 
be transferred for the use of the Continent in general. The bearer 
is one of these wagoners and is inclined to dispose of his team for 
five hundred pounds south : currency. 

It was the opinion of the Board that the above men- 
tioned wagons should be purchased for the public ser- 
vice. 

Commissions were issued for William Evans and Ed- 
ward Adams as Lieutenants of the First Company of 
Militia, commanded by Capt. John McLuer. 



100 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

August 28th, 17Y6. 

PRESENT: 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. Jonathan Cochrane. 
Jno. Bohun Girardeau. John Houstoun. Danl. Roberts. 
James Scriven. ' James Dunwody. 

Thomas Palmer attended on the'feoard, and being duly 
sworn, said that he saw Mr. Moorecock, a brother-in-law 
to Doctor Jones, on board of Osborne at Cockspur. That 
the people belonging to the ships of war were frequently 
pn the Island of Little Tybee, when Mr. George Barry 
was there; and that he sold them hogs, sheep, etc., but 
had not seen them there since. That Osborne had not 
forty men on board, and that Stewart, Phelps, Watson 
and Oldhis were on board. 

Ordered, that Mr. Palmer be enlarged, he first giving 
security to remain in the Town of Savannah, till fur- 
ther orders. 

Mr. George Baillie presented a petition to the Board, 
respecting some negroes belonging to the estate of Clem- 
ent Martin deceased, which had been taken off the Is- 
land of Cumberland by a detachment of Militia. 

Ordered, that it be referred to the Court of Admiralty 
and it was the opinion of the Board, that his Excellency 
the President do issue a Proclamation, ordering that all 
captures for the future be libelled in the said Court. 

Gen. Lee sent a letter to the Board respecting the re- 
moval of the stock from the Sea Islands, and also of 
falling upon the most effectual means to secure and pre- 
vent the enemies of American Freedom from injuring 
us, which being read and considered: 

Ordered, that Messrs. Daniel Roberts, Jonathan Coch- 
rane and Jonathan Bryan be a Committee to wait upon 
the General to confer upon the same. 

Titus Holinger laid a certificate from Mr. Thomas 
Morris, signifying that he had received a large deck 
boat from the said Titus Holinger, which was valued at 
one hundred and eighty pounds. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 101 

Ordered, that Titus Holinger be paid the sum of one 
hundred and sixty pounds for the said boat. 

Ordered, that the skins bought of Mr. Joseph Clay be 
given as a present to the soldiery now in Savannah. 

Mr. Jonathan Cochrane, from the Committee ap- 
pointed to consider of the best way and means of sup- 
plying the Province with dry goods, &c., reported: 

That it was the opinion of the Committee that Capt. 
Bowen be furnished with letters of recommendation to 
the Governor of Cape Francois, setting forth that he is 
empowered by this Province to open a commercial cor- 
respondence with any capital merchants of his island, 
requesting the said Governor's protection and advice in 
accomplishing the same; also, to promise, in behalf of 
this Province, the like protection and assistance to the 
merchants in his Government that may send their ves- 
sels to any of our ports; 

That answers be wrote to Messrs. Roux & Co., ac- 
knowledging the receipt of theirs, and that due atten- 
tion shall be paid to them; 

That Capt. Bowen be authorized to contract with any 
merchants at Hispaniola, or elsewhere, for armed ves- 
sels to the amount £3,000, and to pledge the faith of the 
Province for the same, the number and size your Com- 
mittee recommend to the consideration of the President 
and Council; 

That Capt. Bowen be directed to purchase arms, am- 
munition and other warlike stores to the amount £6,000, 
and to contract for as much more as this Province may 
require for its defence, and that he be empowered to 
charter vessels sufficient to carry rice or other produce 
to make good any engagements he may enter into in 
consequence of the power vested in him, or to engage 
rice, or other produce of this Province, to be delivered 
here at certain rates for purposes above mentioned, 
which ever might seem most beneficial to this Province; 



102 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

and to empower them to enlist men for the said service, 

giving £ bounty and per month, and should he 

not be able to procure such armed vessels, and find a 
probability of success, to apply for a convoy, if he 
should think it necessary; and should he obtain either 
the armed vessels or a convoy, to sell the pilot boat and 
lay out the money as before mentioned; and it is the 
opinion of your Committee that the vessel purchased of 
Capt. Rattoon be immediately loaded and sent off to 
Hispaniola, consigned to Capt. Bowen, and the proceeds 
of her cargo to be applied as before mentioned. 

As the necessary articles for building and fitting out 
vessels and gallies for the public service cannot be easily 
got in the Province, your Committee think it necessary 
that Capt. Bowen be directed to purchase such materials 
as are immediately wanted for the said purposes; also, 
an assortment of medicines suitable to the disorders of 
the climate. 

Further, that Capt. Bowen be furnished with a copy 
of the Declaration of the Independent States of America, 
and a proclamation from our President offering the 
French subjects a free trade with us. 

This report was agreed to. 



At a meeting of the Council, 29th Aug., 1776. 

PRESENT: 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Cochrane. Jonathan Bryan. 
John Bohun Gh-ardeau. James Scriven. James Dun wody. 

Daniel Roberts. John Houston. 

Whereas, it appears to this Board absolutely neces- 
sary for the safety of this Province, that all the cattle 
upon the islands should be either removed to the main 
or destroyed; therefore, it is recommended that the 
Commissaries of the several battalions in this Province 
do supply all the troops (except such as shall be stationed 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 103 

in Savannah) with meat entirely from the islands; and 
it is ordered that the owners of such cattle as are upon 
the said Islands shall remove them to the main before 
the first day of November next; otherwise they will be 
destroyed at the loss of the owners. 

Whereas, it has been discovered by sundry informa- 
tions that some perfidious persons, enemies to American 
freedom, continue to maintain an intercourse with the 
officers or commanders of the ships of war now sta- 
tioned at Cockspur; 

And whereas, such intercourse may be attended with 
the most dangerous consequence to the peace and wel- 
fare of the Independent States of America; 

It is, therefore, resolved that from and after this day 
there shall be no license or pass granted to any person 
whatsoever, for the purpose of going down to the said 
ships of war, except to those who are about to leave the 
Province never to return ; and all persons who may be 
detected in attempting to do the same clandestinely will 
be punished according to the utmost rigour of the law. 

Ordered, that the sum of five pounds sterling be paid 
to Peter Buckhalter, for his information respecting the 
ships of war at Cockspur. 



At a meeting of the Council, Aug. 30th, 1776. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. James Dunwody. Daniel Roberts. 

John Bohun Girardeau. James Scriven. John Houstoun, 

Jonathan Cochrane. 

Button Gwinnett, Esqr., waited on the Board and 
laid before them the following letter from the Honor- 
able John Hancock, Esqr. : 

Philadelphia, J uly 24th, 1776. 
Gentlemen: — The Congress being of opinion that the service of 
the United States will be promoted by taking into pay a number 
of troops, in the State of Georgia, who are to act either as infantry 



10^ Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 



or light horse, as occasion may require, have come to the enclosed 
Resolves, which I do myself the honour of transmitting, in obedi- 
ence to their command. 

In consideration that these troops will go thro' more than ordi- 
nary duty, and be put to a greater expense than others, the Con- 
gress have augmented their pay in proportion. 

I have delivered blank commissions to the Delegates of your 
State. 

With most hearty and sincere wishes for the prosperity of the 
State of Georgia, I have the honour to be, with great respect, 

Genl., Yrs., &c., 

Jno. Hancock, President. 

To the Honble. the Convention of the State of Georgia. 

In Congress, July 24th, 1776. 

Resolved, That the regiment of Rangers now in the pay of the 
State of South Carolina be placed upon Continental estabUshment, 
and that it consist of a Lieutenant Colonel Commandant, a Major, 
ten Captains, twenty Lieutenants, a Surgeon, a Pay Master, 
twenty Sergeants, and five hundred privates. 

That the pay of the Lieutenant Colonel Commandant of Rangers 
be the same as a Colonel of Post; a Major that of a Lieutenant 
Colonel; a Captain that of a Major, and the Lieutenants that of 
Captains, and Sergeants that of Ensigns of foot of the Continental 
forces; that the Surgeon be allowed 33^^ dollars per month, the Pay 
Master 26f and the privates 12| dollars per month to provide them- 
selves with horses, guns and provisions for themselves and horses. 

That the said Rangers be liable to act on horse back or foot, as 
occasion may require. 

That the like number of Rangers be raised in the State of Geor- 
gia and put upon Continental establishment. 

That these be entitled to the same pay and subject to the same 
duties as the Caroliina Rangers. 

By order of the Congress, 

John Hancock, President. 

In Congress, June 5th, 1776. 

Resolved, That the pay of the Regimental Surgeons be augmen- 
ted to thirty-three dollars and one-third of a dollar a month. 

Resolved, That prisoners taken by Continental Arms be not ex- 
changed by any other authority but the Continental Congress. 

July 5th. 
The Committee appointed to consider the State of Georgia 
brought in their report, which was taken into consideration, there- 
upon; 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 105 



Resolved, That for the defense of the Colony of Georgia, there 
be an addition of two Battahons, one of them to consist of Rifle- 
men, to be raised on the same terms on which other Continental 
Battalions are now ordered to be raised. 

Resolved, That blank commissions for the field oflQcers be sent to 
the Convention of Georgia to be filled up with the names of such 
persons as the said Convention shall judge proper. 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the Assemblies, Conven- 
tions, or Council of Safety, of the Colonies of Virginia, North and 
South Carolina, to permit the raising of troops for the purpose 
aforesaid within their respective Colonies, and if requested to afford 
their advice and assistance, with regard to suitable persons in the 
said Colonies for Captain and Subalterns, and that blank commis- 
sions be dehvered to the Delegates. 

Resolved, That four gallies be built at the expense of the United 
States, under the direction of the Convention of Georgia, for the 
further defense of said Colony. And; 

Whereas, The Delegates of the said Colony of Georgia have 
represented to said Committee that it will be necessary that two 
forts be erected in said Colony, the one at Savannah and the other 
at Sunbury. 

Resolved, That two Companies of Artillery be raised, consisting 
of fifty men each, oflBcers included, for the purpose of garrisoning 
such forts, in case they shall be erected at the expense of the said 
Colony, and that blank commissions be delivered to the Delegates 
for the officers, to be fixed up by the Assembly or Convention of 
said Colony. 

That a Chaplain be appointed to each Regiment in the Conti- 
nental Army, and their allowance be increased to thirty-three dol- 
lars and one-third of a dollar a month. 

July 8th. 
Resolved, That an order for sixty thousand dollars be drawn on 
the Treasurers in favor of the Delegates of Georgia, for the use of 
the Continental Battalions, the Colony to be accountable. 

July 16th. 

That there be appointed by the Commanding OflBcer of each 
Regiment in the Continental Army, a Sergeant Major, Quarter- 
master Sergeant, Drum Major and Fife Major, who shall respect- 
ively hold no other appointment but those before mentioned, and 
that their pay be one dollar a month each more than that allowed 
to a Sergeant, Drum or Fife in said Regiment. 

That a Pay Master be appointed to each Regiment in the Army 
of the United States, with a salary of twenty-six dollars and two 
thirds of a dollar a month. 



106 Proceedings of the Qeorgia Council of Safety. 

June 26th, 1776. 
Resolved, That a bounty of ten dollars be given to every non- 
commissioned officer and soldier who will enlist for the term of 
three years. 

November 4th, 1775. 

Resolved, That a ration consist of the following kind and quan- 
tity of provisions, viz: 

One pound beef or three-quarter pound pork, or one pound salt 
fish per day. 

One pound bread or flour per day. 

Three pints of pease or beans per week, or vegetables equivalent 
at one dollar per bushel for pease or beans. 

One pint of milk per diem, per man, or at the rate of 1-72 of a 
dollar. 

One half pint of rice, or one pint of Indian meal, per man per 
week. 

One quart of spruce beer or cyder, per man per day, or three gal- 
lons molasses per company of 100 men per week. 

Three pound candles to 100 men per week, for guards. 

Twenty four pounds soft or eight pounds hard soap for 100 men 
per week. 

Extract from the Minutes. 

By order of the Congress, 
Charles Thompson, John Hancock, 

Secretary. President. 

His Excellency General Lee having represented that 
it was necessary to enclose the public magazine; 

Ordered, that one hundred negroes be impressed for 
that purpose. 

John Griner, Thomas Lovett and Aaron Pickron laid 
before the Board a certificate, by which it appeared that 
since the sixteenth day of October, one thousand, seven 
hundred and seventy-five, they have acted as Captain 
and Lieutenants of a volunteer Company in the Upper 
District of Halifax, St. George's Parish, and requested 
a renewal of their commissions under the present Con- 
stitution, and also a commission for John Adams Nise- 
ler, as Third Lieutenant of the said Company, which 
was granted. 

Ordered, that a commission as letter of marque be 
granted to Francis Coddington, commander of a Ber- 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 107 

mudian sloop called the Sunbury Hero, 75 tons and 80 
men. 



At a meeting of the Council, Sept. 13th, 1Y76. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. James Scriven. William LeConte. 

John Adam Treutlen. Benjamin Andrew. James Dunwody. 
John Bohun Girardeau. Jonathan Bryan. 

Mr. John Wilson, on behalf of the widow of Nathan- 
iel Hughes, applied for a proclamatian to apprehend and 
secure the body of Mr. Joseph Habersham, which being 
considered, it was the opinion of the Board that a pro- 
clamation be issued and published in the next Gazette, 
offering the sum of fifty pounds reward. 

It is the opinion of the Board that Messrs. Spalding 
and Preston be committed to the main guard, and that 
the officer of the main guard be ordered to permit no 
one to visit the prisoners without leave from his Excel- 
lency the President. 

Mrs. Murray made application for leave to send some 
person to Cockspur for her runaway negroes, which 
was not granted. 

Capt. Lee waited on the Board and requested for a 
Lieutenant to be appointed for his Artillery Company 
in the room of Lieut. Hughes, which was deferred till 
the meeting of the Convention. 

Capt. John Martin waited on the Board and requested 
leave to prevent Mr, Philip Moore from leaving the Pro- 
vince, and was referred to the Chairman of the Paro- 
chial Committee. 



At a meeeting of the Council, Sept. 14th, 1TY6. 
present: 

His Excellency the Prest. James Dunwody. William LeConte. 

John Adam Treutlen. Jonathan Bryan. James Scriven. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Benjamin Andrew. 



108 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Mr. Sutcliffe waited on the Board respecting orders 
for supplying the sick troops with necessaries, &c., 
which being considered, it was the opinion of the Board 
that Mr. Sutchffe do receive, from time to time, orders 
on the Treasurers for such sums as may be requisite for 
that purpose. 

Messrs. John and James Habersham presented the 
following petition to the Board. 

GEORGIA: 

To His Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esquire, President and 
Commander in Chief of the Provi7ice of Georgia, and the 
Honorable the Council of the sam,e Province: 

The humble petition of James Habersham and John Habersham 
of Savannah, Sheweth: 

That your petitioners have been informed by a member of your 
Board, that a Proclamation is ordered to be issued for apprehend* 
ing your petitioners' brother, Joseph Habersham,* late of the same 
Province who stands suspected of a charge of felony, and offering 
a reward for that purpose of fifty pounds. That your petitioners 
are extremely sorry to find a proceeding of that kind intended to 
be adopted against their brother, for reasons they submit to your 
consideration. They conceive their brother ever bore a fair and 
honest character, as can be witnessed by all his acquaintances. 
That he has also been a zealous friend of the Constitution now 
formed in this Country, and in his station as Major of the Georgia 
BattaUon, and as a private gentleman hath ever conducted himself 
so as to gain the esteem and regard of most people. That your 
petitioners further represent, they have reason to believe (and are 
well assured in their own breast) that their brother, by absenting 
himself, does not mean to fly from the justice of his country, but 
on the contrary, they believe he will surrender himself in a reason- 
able time, at least, so soon as his health (which when he left this 
place was in a declining way) is re-established and he recovered 
strength to attend to his own affairs, and make a proper defense to 
the charge now against him, which your petitioners believe he can 
do, so far as will remove at least a great part of imputation of the 
crime with which he is said to be charged. For all which reasons 
your petitioners hope for this indulgence from your humanity, in 

♦The whole career of Joseph Habersham would indicate that the charges here 
referred to were false, and that they were instigated by political enemies. In the 
absence of any further reference to the matter in any of the records, it is to be 
presumed that the charges were untrue. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 109 

favor of their brother, that you will accept of security, which they 
are ready to give to any amount, that their brother shall be forth- 
coming within six months from this day, unless prevented by sick- 
ness or some other unavoidable accident, which shall be made ap- 
pear (should it so happen) to your satisfaction. If this request 
cannot be granted, your petitioners hope, in justice to their broth- 
er's character as an officer and a gentleman, you will at least post- 
pone issuing your Proclamation for ten days that they may have 
an opportunity to endeavor to find him out, to lay before him the 
consequence of his not surrendering in time. 

And your petitioners are of opinion such notification would in- 
duce their brother to surrender himself rather than see a public 
Proclamation issued against him. 

Wherefore your petitioners pray you to consider of the premises 
and grant such relief as you shall, in your wisdom and discretion, 
think meet. 

And they will ever pray. 

(Signed) James Habersham, 
John Habersham. 

Savannah, the 14th September, 1776. 

Capt. Cuthbert waited on the Board and delivered in 
an account of his expenses to and from Philadelphia, to- 
gether v^^ith the account of the dollars he received from 
the Continental Congress. 



At a meeting of the Council, 20th Sept., 1776. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the Prest. Benjamin Andrew. George Mcintosh. 
John Adam Treutlen. Jonathan Bryan. John Houstoun. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Samuel Saltus. 

Messrs. Henry Preston and James Spalding presented 
petitions to the Board, which being read and considered, 
it was their opinion that they be released on giving good 
and sufficient security for their behavior in the future, 
and also that Messrs. McCredie, Porteous, &c., be re- 
leased on the same terms. 

Capt, John Rains, of Bermuda, made application 
about some hhd. rum taken from him at Saint Mary's. 



110 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

It was ordered that a letter be sent from this Board to 
Col. Maybank requiriDg him to libel the said rum. 

Major Mason made application to the Board for leave 
to press wagons, which being considered, it was the 
opinion of the Board that Major Mason do hire wagons, 
and that the public do pay so much of the expense as he 
shall be charged above the usual price. 



At a meeting of the Council, Oct. 2d, ITYG. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the Prest. Samuel Saltus. Jonathan Cochrane. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. George Mcintosh. Benjamin Andrew. 

John Bohun Girardeau. Daniel Roberts. John Adam Treutlen. 

His Excellency the President laid before the Board 
sundry papers received from Philadelphia, which were 
read accordingly. 



At a meeting of the Council, Oct. 7th, 1776. 
present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Button Gwinnett. George Mcintosh. 

Nathan Brownson. William LeConte. James Dunwody. 

John Adam Treutlen. Benjamin Andrew. Daniel Roberts. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jonathan Bryan. Samuel Saltus. 
Jonathan Cochrane. 

The President laid the following before this Board, viz: 

In Convention. 
This house having received some information which gives them 
great reason to apprehend an attack is intended against this Pro- 
vince ; and having also been informed of an armed boat being upon 
the coast, and having committed some acts of depredation upon 
the inhabitants. It is the opinion of this house that the said mat- 
ter, together with all evidence and proofs attending the same, be 
referred to the President. That he be requested by and with the 
advice of this Council to use the most vigorous, speedy and effectual 
means for putting the Province in a proper posture of defense, so 
as to repel the said attacks in case they shall be made, and prevent 
further depredations and robberies ; and to assure him that this 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. Ill 

Province will most heartily concur with him in the said measures, 
and cheerfully defray the expenses attending the same. 

Ordered, that a copy of this minute be presented to 
the President by Mr. Speaker after the rising of the 
House. 

The above being considered, it was the opinion of the 
Board that two boats of ten men each be stationed at 
the inlets of Hossaba, Saint Catharine's, Sapalo and at 
the dividings of Saint Simon's Island, for observation 
and intelligence ; and fifty men stationed at the extreme 
points of land Beulah, Hardwick, Sunbury, Sutherland's 
Bluff and Darien. 

GEORGIA. 

By his Excellency Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., President and Com- 
mander in Chief of the said State. 
To Col. Lachlan Mcintosh: 

Sir— You are hereby desired immediately to station fifty men at 
the extreme points of land at Beulah, and the same number at 
Hardwick, Sunbury, Sutherland's Bluff and Darien, or such pro 
portion as you can spare at each place, and to complete the whole 
as soon as possible ; and also to make return of both the cavalry 
and infantry within this State. And you are likewise desired to 
send off immediately an express to Brigadier General Howe, that 
he will forthwith order the troops belonging to the Georgia Bat- 
talion to march for this State, and cause the boats to be returned 
that were lent the South Carolinians to transport them to Beau- 
fort, and once more to make a requisition of the ammunition due 
to the State of Georgia. 

Dated at Savannah, the seventh day of October, one thousand, 
seven hundred and seventy-six. 

(Signed) A. Bulloch. 

It is the opinion, of the Board that orders do issue to 
the several officers of the battalions to draught the Mih- 
tia into three divisions, and that the first division be in 
readiness to march at a moment's warning; and also 
that orders do issue to Captains Morris and Woodruffe 
to make a return of the men under their command. 



lis Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

At a meeting of the Council, Oct. 10th, 1776. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Button Gwinnett. George Mcintosh. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Benjamin Andrew. James Seriven. 

John Bohun Girardeau. John Houstoun. William LeCoute. 

John Adam Treutlen. Jonathan Cochrane. James Dunwody. 

Jonathan Bryan. Samuel Saltus. Daniel Roberts. 

Ordered, that Messrs. William LeConte, George Mc- 
intosh and Jonathan Cochrane be a Committee to ex- 
amine into the election held at Wrightsboro for a Colo- 
nel to Regiment of Foot Militia. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archd. Bulloch, Esqr., Etc. 

Whereas, It hath been represented to me in Council that a 
party of men belonging to this State have lately taken into their 
possession certain negro slaves, late the property of Clement Martin 
deceased ; who died considerably indebted to the full amount (as it 
is said) of the whole estate which he left behind him. And 
that the said negroes are now held and detained by them under 
pretence of their being the property of John Martin, and are now 
advertised for sale. 

I have therefore thought fit by and with the advice and consent 
of the Council absolutely to forbid the said sale. And to require 
and command all persons whatsoever who have, hold, or detain the 
said negroes, under any pretence whatsoever (as they will answer 
the contrary at their peril) to deliver up the said negroes to Lewis 
Johnson and George Baillie, Esquire, Executors of the estate of 
the said Clement Martin (or their agent) in order that due and 
proper administration of the said estate may be made and the 
creditors receive their demands, etc., given. 



At a meeting of the Council, 18th October, 1776. 
present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. George Mcintosh. 
John Adam Treutlen. Benjamin Andrew. Daniel Roberts. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Nathan Brownson. 

The commissary of the Virginia troops applied for the 
loan of five hundred pounds, for the use of their troops. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 113 

Ordered, that the treasurers be directed to dehver him 
the said sum, on receiving a bill on the State of Virginia. 

Ordered, that Capt. Pray be directed to proceed on a 
voyage to the Island of Saint Thomas and to procure as 
many seamen, arms, ammunition and swivels as he pos- 
sibly can, and that he be permitted to mount as many 
carriage guns, as the vessel can bear on his return 
hither. 

John O'Brien presented a petition to the Board, setting 
forth that at the present sessions of the Peace held in 
Savannah, he was indicted and convicted, under an Act 
of the General Assembly of this State of uttering and 
paying away counterfeit money of the State of South 
Carolina, whereby he becomes liable to suffer very severe 
punishment. 

That he being conscious of his innocence, notwith- 
standing his conviction, is willing to make any atone- 
ment to the State, and therefore prays he may be par- 
doned, upon condition of his enlisting as a soldier in the 
service of this State and receiving no bounty money for 
the same. 

It was the opinion of the Board, that the said John 
O'Brien should be pardoned and permitted to enlist as a 
soldier. 



Sunday, October 20th, 1YY6. 
William Bryan and William Belcher were chosen 
members of this Board, in the room of Daniel Roberts 
and James Scriven, Esquires. 



At a meeting of Council, Oct. 21st, 17Y6. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. John Houston, George Mcintosh. 

John Adam Treutlen. William Bryan. Button Gwinnett. 

Jonathan Cochrane. William Belcher. Jonathan Bryan. 



lU Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Mr. Luke Mann presented his account to the Board, 
which they thought proper to refer to the Convention, 
but in the mean time agreed that he should receive an 
order on the Treasurer for five hundred pounds. 

Capt. Pray recommended Mr. Nudigate as his First 
Lieutenant, w^hich was agreed to. 

Ordered, that the inhabitants of Saint Paul be directed 
to proceed to the election of officers for the battalion of 
Militia in that Parish, on giving ten days' notice, and 
that then the officers do elect field officers for the said 
battalion. 



At a meeting of the Council, Oct. 22d, 1776. 

present: 
His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. George Mcintosh. 

Jonathan Cochrane. William Belcher. John Houstoun. 

Button Gwinnett. William Bryan. 

Mr. William Bryan and Mrs. Mary Morel presented 
the following petition to the Board: 

STATE OF GEORGIA. 

To His Excellency Archibald Bulloch, Esqr., President, and to 
the Members of the Honorable the Council of the said State. 

The petition of Mary Morel, widow and relict of John Morel, late 
of the said State, Esqr. , deceased, and William Bryan, of the same 
place, Esqr., Sheweth: 

That your petitioners have (in consequence of an order lately 
made and issued from your Honorable Board, for removing all 
cattle and other stock from the islands within this State, with 
which they are now using their utmost endeavors to comply) been 
put to very great inconvenience and loss, having no place upon 
the rpain whereto they can carry their said stock. 

That your petitioners are informed there is a tract of two thous- 
and acres of land in the Parish of Saint Philip, adjoining Red Bird 
Creek, formerly granted to John Reynolds, Esqr., then Governor 
of this State, and another tract of five hundred acres granted to 
Alexander Kellet and adjoining the above tract, which tracts 
remain unoccupied and stUl in the name of the said grantees. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 115 

That your petitioners conceive this Honorable Board will think 
them well entitled to any favor or indulgence which they can shew, 
when they consider the great sacrifice your petitioners have made 
to the common cause, and that the inconvenience they are now 
put to, and the necessity of this application, arise from such sacri- 
fice ; and, therefore, they beg leave to propose to your Honorable 
Board that a lease of the said two tracts of land pass to your peti- 
tioners in the following proportion ; that is to say, one thousand 
acres of the first mentioned tract to your petitioner Mary Morel ; 
such lease to continue until the said lands shall be otherwise dis- 
posed of by this State. And in case your petitioners shall make 
any improvements in the way of building upon their respective 
proportions of the said lands, that then (when the said lands shall 
be taken out of their hands) your petitioners be allowed for the 
same. And your, &c., &c. 

The Board having taken the foregoing petition into 
consideration, are of opinion that the same is perfectly 
reasonable and ought to be granted. 

Therefore, resolved, that the petitioners be permitted 
to take possession of the said lands as prayed for, ren- 
dering rent one pepper corn to the State yearly, and 
that the Board have no doubt that when the said lands 
shall be taken out of the petitioners' hands, any im- 
provements they may make in the way of building will 
be allowed for. 



At a meeting of the Council, Nov. 2d, 1776. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. William Bryan. Jonathan Cochrane, 
Benjamin Andrew. Jonathan Bryan. Samuel Saltus. 

John Houstoun. 



At a meeting of the Council, November 5th, 1776. 
present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. Nathan Brownson. 
John Adam Treutlen. Button Gwinnett. Wilham Bryan. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jonathan Cochrane. 

Jonathan Bryan, Esqr., laid before the Board a letter 
from Edwd. Telfair respecting the battery to be built at 



116 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 



Tybee; which being considered it was the opinion of the 
Board, that ten negroes, able axmen, be taken from each 
of Sr. James Wright's plantations and also ten from 
each of Mr. Knox's, to assist at the said battery. 

Mr. Lee Dickinson and Capt. Scott proposed to the 
Board to raise and bring into this State each a Troop of 
Horse on condition of receiving Captain's commission 
for each respective troop; it was the opinion of the Board, 
it should be granted them, and that the gentleman who 
first completed and marched his troop into this State, 
should receive the first commission. 

On considering the present alarmed state of this Col- 
ony, it was the opinion of the Board, that the Conven- 
tion be summoned to convene on Thursday, the four- 
teenth of this instant. 



At a meeting of the Council, 6th November, 1T76. 

present: 
His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Cochrane. Button Gwinnett. 
John Adam Treutlen. John Houstoun. William Bryan. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Nathan Brownson. 

Capt. Alexander Phoenix attended the Board and 
recommended George Young as Captain Lieutenant, 
James Alexander First Lieutenant, and Sey bourne John- 
son Second Lieutenant, of the Artillery Company under 
his command, which was agreed to. 

Lieutenant Colonel Habersham attended the Board 
and laid the following representation before them. 

Gentlemen:— I find by a late Resolve of the Continental Con- 
gress that it is recommended to the different States to fill their re- 
spective Regiments as soon as possible, also to renew the tests of 
those men whose time is near expiring, for which purpose we are 
authorized to give the difference between twenty dollars and the 
money that they received at their first enlisting, however, Gentle- 
men, I would submit to your consideration the present state of the 
First Regiment, of which I have the honor to be Lieutenant Col- 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 117 

onel, and whether it would not be most expedient and more for the 
service of this State, for the protection of which that Regiment was 
immediately raised, to grant the full bounty to those men, who are 
willing to renew their enUstment and serve during the war than 
for the difference of perhaps four or five dollars to lose the lueui 
their times are near expiring and they know that by remaining a 
few months longer in the service, they will be at liberty, that they 
may then go or stay as suits them, and that we must, if we want 
them again, give them the full bounty. 

I would further observe, Gentlemen, that it has cost great pains 
to bring these people into some order, and that they are just now 
pretty expert in their exercise, even supposing we could get others 
to fill their places, these we should have the same trouble with to 
give them a competent knowledge of the use of arms. 

There is another grand inducement, which, in my opinion, should 
have weight, the near prospect of an Indian War, and perhaps at 
the very time we are marching against the enemy the term 
of many of their enlistments may expire, and by that means we be 
deprived of their service. These reasons induced me to address 
your Honorable Board on the subject, and I have not the smallest 
doubt, but it will appear to you, Gentlemen, to be more for the 
service of the State, that it should pay two or three hundred 
pounds extraordinary than run the risk, especially at this critical 
juncture, to lose the men in our Regiment, or at any rate the great- 
est part of them. 

This was deferred to the consideration of the Con- 
vention. 

Ordered, that the following letter be forwarded to the 
Delegates for the several Parishes and Districts within 
this State. 

Gentlemen: — His Excellency the President and Council con- 
sidering the present alarmed state of this country, and the absolute 
necessity of our immediate exertions, in order to prevent the break- 
ing up of many of our settlements, have thought proper to direct 
that notwithstanding the adjournment of our late Convention for 
five weeks, the Delegates for the several Parishes and Districts 
within this State be forthwith summoned to meet at Savannah on 
Monday, the eighteenth day of this instant, November. I am 
therefore ordered to give you this notice, that you may convene at 
the Town of Savannah accordingly and proceed to finish so much 
of the public business, as requires immediate dispatch. 



118 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Savannah, 22d Nov., 1776. 
"Will Audley Maxwell, St. John's Parish, dec'd, to be proven and 

Executors qualified. 
Will John Stewart, Medway, dec'd, to do 

Will Gasper Garbet, Savannah carpenter, dec'd, to do 
Will George Sweiger, Eben., plantr., dec'd, to do 

Will Mary Powell, Savan., wife Capt. Powell, to do 

Letters Adminsn. for Oath. Eirick, Adm., and to qualify. 
Letters ditto for Quintin Pooler and to qualify. 
Petn. and Citation Jno. Glen for And. McLean Est. Danl. Wastcot. 

The above matters in the Court of Ordinary being all plain and 
simple, we, the subscribers, being seven of the Council and mem- 
bers of the said Court, have no objections to the same being done 
before his Excellency the President at his chambers (in conse- 
quence of his indisposition and inabiUty to attend the Court) in 
case his Excellency shall think proper so to do. This we agree to 
to prevent delay and that the parties may not be detained in town, 
and if his Excellency shall so require, we will ratify what shall be 
done herein at our next meeting. 

(Signed) Adam F. Brisbane. John Bryan. 

Wm. Bryan. Jno. B. Girardeau. 

Geo. Mcintosh. Benj. Andrew. 

Jno. Houstoun. Jas. Dunwody. 



At a meeting of the Council, Nov. 23d, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jonathan Bryan. Button Gwinnett. 

James Dunwody. John Houstoun. James Maxwell. 

John Girardeau. Benj. Andrew. George Mcintosh. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane laid before the Board some 
particulars relative to Mr. Thomas Goldsmith, when it 
was their opinion that he should be permitted to go to 
Sunbury to see his family. 

Mr. Edward Davies attended on the Board and de- 
livered the following affidavit: 

Edward Davies maketh oath that about the 25th day of October 
last, he was at St. Augustine, and that Mr. Kelsall told him that 
the Brig Beaufort, now lying in Ogeechee River, was expected 
daily to Mr. Panton's address. As the said brig belonged to the 
deponent and partners, he applied to Mr. Panton to know on what 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 119 



account she was to come away. Mr. Panton answered she was 
hcensed by Governor Tonyn for St. Augustine, and requested of 
the deponent to know where he would receive said vessel, she 
being on monthly wages, but in case of capture a valuation was to 
be paid in a sum unknown to the deponent. 
Sworn before me, Nov. 23d, 1776. 

Edw. Langworthy, J. P. 

The Board took into consideration the above affidavit, 
and directed the following orders to be issued to Briga- 
dier General Mcintosh. 

Sir: — Tou are hereby desired to issue orders immediately to the 
commanding officer of the guard on Ogeechee River, that he take 
into his possession the sails belonging to the Brig Beaufort, and 
prevent the said brig from proceeding on her voyage till further 
orders from this Board. 

(Signed) Archd. Bulloch. 

To the Honble. B. Gen. Mcintosh. 



At a meeting of the Council, Nov. 25th, 1776. 

present: 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. Jonathan Bryan. Button Gwinnett. 

James Dunwody. John Houstoun. James Maxwell. 

Benjn. Andrew. Geo. Mcintosh. Jno. Girardeau. 

The Board took into consideration the information of 
Mr. Davies respecting the Brig Beaufort, and were 
unanimously of opinion that it should be referred to the 
Convention. 

Mr. Philip Minis attended on the Board and requested 
to have an order on the Treasurers for the use of the 
Northern troops, and on account of Wm. Kennon, 
Esqr., Continental Commissary General, to the amount 
of eight thousand dollars, which was granted him as 
follows: 

Savannah, 25th Nov. 1776. 
Gentlemen : — Pay to Mr. Philip Minis, or order, eight thousand 
dollars, Georgia Currency, for value received. 

(Signed) A. B. 
To Messrs. Ewen & O'Brien. 



120 Froceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 



Savannah, Gteorgia, 25th Nov. 1776. 
Three days after sight of this my first of exchange, second of 
same tenor and date not paid, pay Messrs. Ewen & O'Brien, or 
order. Treasurers of this state, eight thousand Continental dollars, 
value received of them, for the use of the troops now in this State, 
and charge the same to the account of 

Tour humble servant, 

Philip Minis. 
To Wm. Kennon, Esq., 

Co7it. Cora. General, 

la Charleston. 



At a meeting of the Council, December 7th, I7"r6. 
present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonn. Bryan. John Houstoun. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. James Maxwell. Samuel Saltus. 
John Bohuu Girardeau. Benj. Andrew. 

GEORGIA: 

By His Excellency Archd. Bulloch, Esquire.: 
To the Provost Marshal of the said State his Bailiffs and Deputies: 

Whereas divers orders have issued from me by and with the ad- 
vice and consent of the Council for the delivery up to the Executors 
of the last Will and Testament of Clement Martin, deceased, cer- 
tain negroes belonging to the said estate which by some means or 
other have fallen into the hands of certain people (at present un- 
known) in the Parish of St. John— all which orders have been dis- 
obeyed or treated with contempt. These are therefore in the name 
and in behalf of the said State to command and require you with- 
out delay to repair to the said Parish of St. John, or wherever else 
it may be requisite, and to take into your custody all and singular 
the said negroes and to bring them to Savannah, and immediately 
deliver them into the custody of the said Executors. And in case 
any person or persons whatsoever shall obstruct or oppose you in 
taking possession of the said negroes, then you are hereby required 
to take such person or persons into your custody, and to bring him 
or them also down to Savannah to be dealt with according to law. 

And further to do hereby charge and require all persons whatso- 
ever within this State, civil and military, who are well aifected and 
wish to maintain the due authority of the same to aid and assist 
you, if it shall be found necessary, in the execution of this order, as 
they shall answer the contrary at their peril. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 121 

Given under my hand and seal in Council at Savannah, the 
eighth day of December, one thousand seven hundred and seventy- 
six. 

Ordered, that commissions be forthwith issued agree- 
able to the returns made to this Board. 

Jno. Keebler, Captain of the Grenadier Company in 
the Lower District of Saint Matthew's; Charles Mackey, 
First Lieutenant; Martin Dasher, Second Lieutenant; 
Danl. Tretler, Third Lieutenant. 

John Lamar, Captain ; James Martin, Geo. Randolph 
and Francis Folliott, First, Second and Third Lieuten- 
ants of the First Battalion, Third Regiment Foot Militia. 

George Downs, Captain; Johnson, First Lieuten- 
ant; Theophilus Davis, Second Lieutenant; John Crei- 
tingdor, Third Lieutenant. 

Robert Bonner, Captain of the Augusta Volunteer 
Company; Moody Burt, First Lieutenant; Thomas Car- 
ter, Second Lieutenant and Wm. Perrie, Third Lieuten- 
ant. 

Matthew Marshall, Third Lieutenant of the sixth 
company of Foot Militia, commanded by Capt. John 
McCanliss. 

December 24th, 17Y6. 

George Wells, Esqr., qualified as a Justice of the 
Peace for the Parish of Saint Paul. 



At a meeting of the Council, January 8th, 17Y7. 

PRESENT: 

His Excellency the Prest. Button Gwinnett. John Houstoun. 
Jonathan Bryan. James Maxwell. Benjamin Andrew. 

Wm. Belcher. Wm. Bryan. 

Mr. James Maxwell laid a letter before the Board, by 
which it appeared that Mr. Philip Moore had detained 
on board the brig Beaufort eight casks of indigo, be- 
longing to the public, which he had done for the ex- 



ISS Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

penses due to him on account of the said brig. This af- 
fair being considered it was the opinion of the Board, 
that Mr. Phihp Moore be immediately taken into close 
confinement, until he shall redeliver the said indigo. 

On considering a letter representing the present 
alarmed state of our Frontier, it was the opinion of the 
Board, that one-third of the Militia be immediately 
draughted and ordered to scout by rotation on the 
frontiers of this State. 

Ordered, that the trial of Capt. Lyford's negroes be 
postponed, and that the prosecutors be ordered to appear 
and show cause, why the trial of the said negroes should 
not be at Savannah. 



At a meeting of the Council, Jan. 9th, lYTT. 

present: 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. Button Gwinnett. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. John Houstoun. Benj. Andrew. 

James Maxwell. Wm. Bryan. 

The following was omitted in the minutes of yesterday: 

Sir — I inclose you the account of all the indigo 1 purchased on 
account of the public, amounting to £9,633, in fortytfour casks and 
one open barrel. You have, I believe, received from me thirty-six 
casks (say thirty-five casks, one keg and the open barrel) ; the other 
eight I have detained. 

If the Honorable Council are going to do anything with this in- 
digo before the meeting of the Convention, 1 beg you will, sir, be 
pleased to inform them that the motions that induced me to retain 
a part of the public property in my hands, was as security to me 
for the amount they are so justly indebted to me. You must be 
very sensible of the very many delays I met with in the Conven- 
tion, and altho' by a resolve of that Honorable House"! am entitled 
to be paid for my detention, yet, to my very great surprise, my ac- 
count was returned to me, not passed for payment, and my friend 
who gave it me declared he believed it would be impossible for me 
ever to get paid. 

1 have consulted many merchants here respecting this matter, 
who all agree I am right in taking this step and securing myself. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 123 

I have many apologies to make for the trouble I now give you, and 
am, with respect, sir, 

Your most obedt. servant, 

Philip Moore. 
To James Maxwell, Esqr. 

Ordered, that no recruiting officers from South Caro- 
lina shall enlist any men within this State, without ex- 
press permission first obtained from the Convention, or, 
in its recess, from the President and Council. 

Ordered, that Mr. Care}^ be sent to Saint Augustine 
with a flag of truce, to demand Capt. Woodruffe and 
the other prisoners, and that he offer in exchange Lieu- 
tenant Beecher, or any other prisoners now in our cus- 
tody. 

Mr. Maxwell laid the following letter before the Board 
from Mr. Philip Moore: 

Sir: — When further consideration and a doubting my own ad- 
vice, instead of my friends, I think that I have been rather prema- 
ture in delaying the indigo that I have, the property of the public. 
I therefore beg you will be kind enough, sir, to cancel my letter of 
yesterday, and receive the remaining eight casks of indigo, which 
I left under the care of the Captain of the Guard at Mr. Stone's 
house, and will depend on the honor of the Convention for the 
payment of my account. 

Indeed, if those gentlemen knew how well their indigo was laid 
in, I think they would not scruple to do it, as I am certain, were 
this parcel of indigo mine, I could get for it near 25 per cent more 
than it cost. When you have received this other parcel, I will be 
obliged to you for a receipt of it, any expenses attending getting it 
from the Ogeechee Guard shall be cheerfully repaid with many 
thanks by, sir. Tour most obedient servant, 

Philip Moore. 

James Maxwell, Esqr. 

Thursday morning. 

Messrs. Jones and Munro waited on the Board, re- 
specting some Indian prisoners now at Sunbury, which 
being considered, it was referred to the Convention. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 



At a meeting of the Council, February 21st, 1777. 

PRESENT: 
His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. Button Gwinnett. 
Adam Fowler Brisbane. William Bryan. Benjamin Andrew. 
John Bohun Girardeau. 

His Excellency the President informed the Board, that 
being not able to convene a sufficient number of Coun- 
cilors, and considering the alarming situation of this 
State, he had issued orders to the commanding officer of 
the First Battalion of the First Regiment to turn out 
the men under his command immediately, to relieve the 
regulars, who are to march to the southward. 

Also orders to Col. Sandiford to turn out the Regi- 
ment under his command, and likewise orders to the 
commanding officers of the Parishes of St. Matthew, 
St. George, St. Paul and the Ceded Lands to have their 
men in readiness to march, in case they should be or- 
dered, all which was approved of. 

Ordered, that one-third of the Militia of the Parishes 
of St. Matthew and St. George be directed immediately 
to march to Medway Meeting House and there to re- 
main, till further orders. 



At a meeting of the Council, February 22d, 1777. 

PRESENT: 

His Excellency the Prest. Jonathan Bryan. Benjn. Andrew. 
John Girardeau. Button Gwinnett. Wm. Bryan. 

Adam Fowler Brisbane. 

Whereas, the present alarming situation of this State 
makes it absolutely necessary, that every friend of 
American liberty should stand forth and support the 
same; and whereas, a great part of the Militia of this 
State, are now ordered out in service, and the remainder 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 125 

ready to turn out, at a moment's warning, it is therefore 
agreed, that the camp shall be fixed at present at Med- 
way Meeting House in the Parish of Saint John's. 

Ordered, that a letter be forthwith dispatched to Mr. 
Thomas Savage, acquainting him that we thankfully 
accept of the offer of his schooner, and that if he will 
keep the schooner within the islands he will be joined 
by Commodore Bowen, with whom he may act in con- 
currence. 



PAY OF A BATTALION IN THE CONTINENTAL SERVICE. 

Colonel 50 Dollars per month. 

Lieutenant Colonel 40 do. do. 

Major 33^ do. do. 

Captain 26f do. do. 

Lieutenant 18 do. do. 

Ensign 13^ do. do. 

Anjutant 18^ do. do. 

Quarter Master 18^ do. do. 

Surgeon 25 Raised to 33 June 5th, 1776. 

Mate 18 Dollars per month. 

Chaplain 20 Raised to 33^, July 5th. 

Sergeant 8 Dollars per month. 

Corporal, Drummer and Fife, each. . 7^ do. do. 

Private 6f Light Infantry the same. 

ARTILLERY. 

Captain 26f Dollars per month. 

Captain Lieutenant 20 do. do. 

First and Second Lieutenants 18^ do. do. 

Lieutenant Fireworker 13^ do. do. 

Sergeant %\ do. do. 

Corporal 1\ do. do. 

Bombardier 7 do. do. 

Matross 6| do. do. 

Sergeant Major 9 do. do. 

Quartermaster Sergeant 9 do. do. 

Drum Major 8^ do. do. 

Fife Major 8^ do. do. 

Regimental Paymaster 26| do. do. 



126 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Georgia— In Council, Aug. 8th, 1Y76. 

Mr. Thomas Young presented a petition to the Board, 
setting forth that when he was last at Saint Augustine 
he purchased a quantity of goods from one Archibald 
Lundy, and that he now stands actually engaged for 
the payment of the said goods, the amount of upwards 
of three thousand, five hundred pounds sterling; which 
being considered, it was ordered that the said goods be 
still retained in possession of the Commissary of this 
State, and be sold by him to the people, and that this 
Board will be answerable to Mr. Lundy for the amount 
of such goods as may come into their hands. 

August 9th, 17Y6. 
Thomas Young, Esqr,, waited on the Board and re- 
quested that his affair respecting the goods of Archibald 
Lundy might be reconsidered; when it was the opinion 
of the Board that it be referred to the consideration of 
the next Convention. 
A true copy from the minutes. 

EwD. Langworthy, Sec'y. 



Georgia— In Convention, Feb. 17th, 1777. 

The petition of Mr. Thomas Young was returned, 
with the following report of the Committee: That as 
Archd. Lundy, of Saint Augustine, from whom Mr. 
Thomas Young says, in his petition, that he bought a 
parcel of goods, has been actually concerned in levying 
war against and plundering the inhabitants of this 
State, it is their opinion that Mr. Young ought not to 
receive any compensation for the said goods, which was 
unanimously agreed to; and it was resolved that it is 
the sense of this House that any contract or agreement 
which Thomas Young, of this State, hath entered into 
with Archibald Lundy, of the Province of East Florida, 



Proceedings of the Georgia CoU7icil of Safely. 127 

merchant, relative to the purchase of a certain parcel of 
goods, some time seized and sold in this State as the 
property of the said Lundy, shall be held to be null apd 
void. And in case any suit shall be commenced upon 
the same, no Judge or Court ought to suffer such suit 
to be prosecuted or carried on, but shall order the party 
plaintiff to be non-suited, it being the act of House, and 
not of the said Thomas Young, which prevents a per- 
formance of any such contract or agreement. 
A true copy from the minutes. 

Edward Langworthy, Sec^y. 

I do certify and declare that I have often seen and am well ac- 
quainted with the handwriting of Edward Langworthy, late Secre- 
tary to the Council and Convention of this State, and I, in my 
conscience, believe the preceding extracts from their minutes, and 
the name Edward Langworthy, to be the proper handwriting of 
him, the said Edward Langworthy. 

Jas. Maxwell. 

11th November, 1777. 



ACCOUNT 

OF 

THE SIEGE OF SAVANNAH, 

FROM A BRITISH SOURCE. 



From the South Carolina and American General Gazette 
No. 1086, December 10, 1779: 

The following journal of the siege of Savannah is 
taken from the Royal Georgia Gazette of November 18, 

On Friday, the 3rd of September last, several large 
ships were seen off our bar, and a boat being sent out 
by Capt. Brown of his Majesty's ship Rose with a Lieu- 
tenant on board, they were plainly discovered to be 
French. 

Monday evening, the 6th, a sloop called the Polly 
(prize to the privateer schooner General Matthews, which 
we mentioned in our paper of the 26th of August, she 
had taken off Winyaw) came up to town. On the Tues- 
day before she was retaken, to the northward of the bar, 
by a French 74 gun ship, they took all the people out of 
her, except one man, and put five Frenchmen in their 
room. In the gale of wind of that night she parted 
from the man of war, and, on Saturday morning arriv- 
ing off Tybee, the English seaman told the Frenchman 
that it was the entrance to Charlestown, and by that 
means brought the sloop to anchor in the mouth of the 
river. After the arrival of this vessel, it was said that 



ISO Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

the fleet consisted of the Magnifique of 74, and Sphinx 
of 64 guns (part of a reinforcement of four line of bat- 
tle ships lately sent from France to join the Count 
D'Estaing in the West Indies), two frigates a schooner 
and a cutter, all from Cape Francois bound to Boston 
for masts and spars. 

On Tuesday the 7th, a number of vessels appeared off 
Tybee bar, but went off again, and the next day about 
fifty-one were reckoned off Warsaw, twenty-five of 
which were said to be ships of the line. 

Thursday morning, the 9th, they were all off Tybee 
again, and some of them fired at Capt. McDonagh's 
packet boats from St. Augustine, attempting to get in, 
which fell into their hands. That evening four frigates 
got over the bar and came to anchor at Tybee, and in 
the night or early in the morning landed a number of 
men on the island, his Majesty's ships Fowey, Rose, 
Keppel, German, armed ship Savannah, Comet Galley, 
and some other vessels were ordered up the river to 
strengthen the garrison, on the French vessels getting 
over the bar. 

The French who had landed reimbarked on Friday, the 
10th, and all the fleet except the frigates at anchor at 
Tybee steered for the southward, next day they appeared 
again off the bar. 

It seemed now evident that they intended a serious at- 
tack on this place, we had for some time been repairing 
the four old redoubts and making some additional works, 
having been threatened with an attack from the rebels; 
but now the greatest and most extraordinary exertions 
were made by Capt. Moncrieff, chief engineer, and which 
he continued during the whole siege with unremitting 
ardour, betwixt two hundred and three hundred negroes 
were ordered by Governor and Council immediately set 
to work, and thirteen good redoubts were erected around 
the Town, and fifteen gun batteries, containing about 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 131 



seventy-six pieces of cannoD, 18, 9 and 6 pounders, were 
raised between the redoubts, these batteries were man- 
ned by the sailors of the ships of war, transports and 
merchantmen in the river, besides which there v^rere 
several 4 pounders properly placed without the batteries 
and five field pieces. 

On Sunday night, the 12th, the French began to land 
their troops at Beaulieu, about 14 miles from town. 

Thursday, the 16th, in the forenoon, a letter was sent 
into camp by Count D'Estaing, the French General, de- 
manding a surrender of the Town to the French King; 
he was then within three miles of this place; he trusted 
in this letter of his formidable armament by sea an(f 
land, the great feats he had performed with it in the 
West Indies, and mentioned how much Lord M'Cartney 
had suffered by not capitulating in Grenada, and that 
it was in vain to think of resisting his force, warned 
Gen. Prevost against the consequences attending the 
place's being taken by storm, and hinted that he would 
be answerable for the lives of the people that might be 
lost, etc. The answer returned to this letter by Gen. 
Prevost was to the following purport: That he hoped 
the Count had a better opinion of him, and the British 
Army he had the honor to command, than to expect they 
would surrender the Town, and on a general summons, 
without knowing on what specific terms or conditions; 
that if he had any terms to offer, he desired they might 
be made known; and mentioned his having communi- 
cated the contents of his letter to the Civil Governor. To 
this the Count replied, that it was the part of the be- 
sieged, and not the besiegers to propose terms. Upon 
which it was signified to him that it v^^as a matter of 
great consequence, and there were many different inter- 
ests to be adjusted and settled, and therefore it was de- 
sired that 24 hours might be allowed to consider of it. 
The Count accordingly agreed to wait till the firing of 



1S2 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

the evening gun on Friday, the 17th. In the afternoon 
of the 16th a Council of War was held in the General's 
tent, consisting of field officers (the Governor and Lieu- 
tenant Governor being present) to consider of a final an- 
swer to be sent to the Count, when it was the unanimous 
opinion of the whole members, that the Town should be 
defended to the last extremity, and that this resolution 
should be made known to the French General. This 
day, to the inexpressible joy of the whole army, the 
Honorable Colonel Maitland, with part of the troops un- 
der his command, arrived here from Beaufort, and on 
Friday the 17th, some more of them came up to Town. 
The artillerymen of the Hessian corps, Hessian con- 
valescents and about 170 of the 7lst Regiment, were left 
with the Vigilant armed ship, three gallies and three 
transports which were obliged to remain at Dafuskee, 
with all the artillery stores, baggage, etc., some of the 
French frigates having got a considerable way up the 
river. The whole of the troops that arrived from Beau- 
fort amounted to about 800 men; they were piloted up 
through marshes, and through Dafuskee Cut Off where 
they were often up to the middle in mud and water, and 
were brought up the river in small boats. 

On the evening of Sunday, the 19th, two French 
frigates appeared in sight of the Town; below Saltus Is- 
land, just before dark, two rebel gallies came farther up, 
and exchanged a good many shots with the Savannah 
Venus transport, and the Comet and Thunderer gallies. 

The French were busily employed in bringing cannon, 
etc., from Beaulieu till the 23rd, when in the night they 
broke ground. 

Next morning about 90 of the Light Infantry under 
Maj. Graham, were sent out to endeavor to bring the 
French out of their lines, thereby to form some judg- 
ment of their numbers, and bring them open to the fire 
of our cannon. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 133 



The scheme succeeded. Major Graham was followed 
by a heavy column of the French, who were exposed to 
the fire of the cannon, which galled them severely; 
their loss, by good authority, 14 officers and 145 privates 
killed and wounded; our loss was 1 subaltern and 3 pri- 
vates killed, and 15 wounded. In the evening there 
was a good deal of firing betwixt the enemy's gallies 
and ours. 

In the morning of Saturday, the 25th, there was a 
sharp cannonade for a short time from the French bat- 
tery of one 18 and one 6 pounder; a Hessian was killed 
in his tent by an 18 pound shot; several balls went 
through houses in town, but no person was hurt. The 
rebel gallies, in the evening, began again to fire at ours, 
which was returned, and likewise a good many shots 
were fired at them from the battery at the Trustees' 
Gardens, where Capt. John Mills commanded. Betwixt 
eight and nine at night, one of the enemy's gallies, 
which came up as far as the Rose man of war, sunk on 
the Garden bank, was soon obliged, by the fire from 
this battery, to be towed off to her former station below 
Flyming's Island. 

From the 24th, the French were extending their lines 
and works and bringing cannon, mortars, &c., from 
Beaulieu, Thunderbolt and Gaston's Bluff. 

On Tuesday, the 28th, a French armed ship of 26 
guns, called the Trieste, anchored in the Back River 
nearly opposite the town. 

Saturday, October 2d, about noon, the above ship and 
the two rebel gallies began a heavy fire upon the town 
and camp, which continued for about an hour, but did 
no damage. During the afternoon they fired a good 
deal more as before. 

On Sunday, the 3d, at 12 at night, the French opened 
a bomb battery of nine mortars and threw shells into 



13^. Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

the town and camp all night, one of which killed En- 
sign Pollard, of the Second Battalion of General De- 
Lancey's Brigade, in a house on the Bay. 

In the morning of the 4th, just as our morning gun 
was fired, the enemy opened two batteries, on which 
they had mounted 37 guns— 18, 12 and 6 pounders— 
from which they began a most furious cannonade upon 
the town, at the same time not relaxing in their bom- 
bardment. A young woman, daughter of Mrs. Thomp- 
son, on the Bay. was killed by one of the shot, but no 
person was hurt in camp. During this cannonade and 
bombardment, the ship in the Back River and the rebel 
gallies also fired many shot into town. The fire from 
our batteries was likewise very hot, and many shells 
from many small cohorns were thrown into the French 
works. This day the Governor and Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor moved to the camp, having pitched a tent next to 
Col. Maitland's, on the right of the line. 

Tuesday, the 5th, at 7 in the morning, there was again 
a cannonade and bombardment from the enemy. A 
mulatto man and three negroes were killed in the Lieu- 
tenant Governor's cellar, In the evening the house of 
the late Mrs. Lloyd, near the church, was burned by a 
shell, and seven negroes lost their lives in it. Whilst 
the house was on fire one of the hottest cannonadings 
they had yet made was kept up to prevent people from 
extinguishing the flames. In the night another shell 
fell through Mrs. Lanier's house, on Broughton street, 
which killed two women and two children who were 
under it. The bombardment and cannonade continued 
all night. ♦ 

Wednesday, the 6th, there was another cannonade 
and bombardment as before, which shattered the houses 
in town considerably. The French opened another bat- 
tery of two small guns near the bomb battery. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 135 

Thursday, the 7th, as the preceding day, several car- 
casses were thrown during the night, one of which 
burnt an old house in Broughton street. 

Capt. John Simpson, of the Georgia Loyalists, was 
killed on the morning of Friday, the 8th, by a grape 
shot from the French batteries, whilst he was walking 
in Major Wright's redoubt. Much damage was done to 
the houses this day by cannon shot. The firing contin- 
ued very hot all night, and a great number of shells 
were thrown, one of which fell into the Prevost, killed 
two men on the spot and wounded nine others, some of 
whom died since; another burst in the cellar under the 
office of the Commissioners of Claims, killed one negro 
and wounded another. 

On Saturday, the 9th, about daybreak, an attack was 
made by the French and rebels on the redoubt, to the 
right of our lines, on the road leading to Ebenezer, the 
battery near the spring, and on the redoubt by Col. 
Maitland's tent, into which the Colonel, Governor and 
Lieutenant Governor repaired. 

The attack was made with great spirit and impetuosity 
by the French, supposed to be about three thousand, 
five hundred of the flower of their army, to which were 
joined about two thousand, five hundred rebels, consist- 
ing of the Virginia and South Carolina Continentals and 
South Carolina Militia.* Count D'Estaing acted as first 
and General Lincoln as second in command. The morn- 
ing being very foggy, favoured them in their assault, 
which continued about an hour, when they were beat 
back, and most shamefully retreated with great precipi- 
tation. The troops who alone defeated this formidable 
force consisted of 26 dismounted dragoons, 28 battalion 
men of the Sixtieth Regiment, 64 South Carolina 

* The punctuation here given, though it renders the meaning ambiguous, is that 
of the manuscript. For full particulars concerning the number of troops en- 
gaged on both sides in this battle, see Siege of Savannah by Jones, p. 40. Also, 
Jones' History of Georgia, Vol. II. p. 405. 



136 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

Loyalists, in the redoubt on the Ebenezer road, when 
Gapt. Jarves commanded, and who fell in bravely de- 
fending it. 

Ninety of Col. Hamilton's North Carolina Loyalists, 
75 Militia under Captains Wallace, Tallemach and Pol- 
hill, in the redoubt in which Col. Maitland was. 

Seventy-four grenadiers of the Sixtieth Regiment, 37 
marines, who were ordered to support the redoubts and 
bravely charged the enemy with their bayonets. 

Besides the above, the Spring battery of 6 guns, 
manned with 31 sailors, under the command of Cap- 
tains Manby and Steil, did very great execution, which 
contributed much to the glorious success of the day. 

On the left the rebels made two feints — one on Major 
Wright's redoubt, by General Williamson with 500 men, 
the other on General Cruger's, by General Huger with 
700 — but both parties soon retreated, having about 50 
men killed and wounded. 

After the retreat of the enemy from our right, 270 
men, chiefly French, were found dead, upward of 80 of 
w^hom lay in the ditch and on the parapet of the redoubt 
first attacked, and 93 more within our abbatis. Two 
rebel standards were once fixed on the redoubt on the 
Ebenezer road; one of them was carried off again, and 
the other, which belonged to the Second Carolina Regi- 
ment, was taken. 

Since the attack we have learnt from French officers, 
deserters and others, that they lost in killed and 
wounded 700 men; some say 1,000 and others 1,500, 
reckoning 63 officers in the list of slain. Amongst the 
wounded was Count D'Estaing, and the famous Polish 
Count Pulaski; the former received a musket shot in 
his arm and another in his thigh, the latter a grape shot 
in his loin, and is since dead. 

The rebels, by the best information we can get, lost 
in killed and w^ounded about 500. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 137 

Our loss on this ever memorable occasion was only 
Capt. Jarves, 15 privates killed and 35 wounded, 
amongst them Lieut. Smollett Campbell of the Light 
Dragoons, and Lieut. James Wallace, of the first com- 
pany of Militia. 

Our whole force, regulars, volunteer Militia and sail- 
ors on duty, did not exceed two thousand and fifty men. 

A flag was soon sent in by the enemy, desiring a truce 
for the burial of their dead and receiving the wounded, 
which was agreed to until 3 o'clock in the afternoon, 
and then prolonged till dark. During the night there 
was a slight cannonading on both sides, and many de- 
serters came in. 

Sunday, 10th, several flags passed and truces were 
agreed to for the above purposes. Some deserters came 
in during the night. 

Monday, the 11th, deserters continued coming in, who 
informed that the French were sending off their sick 
and wounded, and heavy cannon on board their ships; 
and that thQ panick-struck rebel Militia were running 
in great numbers. 

On Tuesday, the 12th, at day light the French flred 
only three shots from small pieces of cannon. 

Wednesday, 13th, the enemy early in the morning, 
fired one shot from a field piece in return from several 
from our batteries. This forenoon the Trieste moved out 
of the Back River, and came to an anchor in five fathom 
hole, the wind being unfavorable for her getting down 
the river. In the night a few shot from our batteries 
produced some from the French. 

In the night of Thursday, the 14th, our firing was an- 
swered by the enemy, deserters stiU come in, two more 
rebel gallies joined the others at five fathom hole. 

Friday, the 15th, we were informed that all the Caro- 
lina Militia were gone off. This day a ship came up and 



1S8 Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 

joined the enemy's fleet. Deserters continue to come in. 
Much firing from our batteries in the night, answered by 
three or four guns from the French. 

Saturday, the 16th, in the afternoon, there was a good 
deal of skirmishing on Mr, McGiUivray's plantation 
between some negroes and a party of rebels, and the lat- 
ter were several times driven from the buildings on the 
plantation into the woods. Want of ammunition, how- 
ever, obliged the blacks to retreat in the evening with 
the loss of one killed and three or four wounded, the 
enemy's loss is not known. There was very little firing 
this night from the French who had sent off all their 
cannon but two. 

Sunday, the lYth, we were informed that the French 
Militia and Black Brigade, had marched to Col. MuUryne's 
to embark. The enemy fired a few shot in the night. 

Monday, the 18, our firing this night was not answered 
by the enemy. 

On Tuesday, the 19th, we received advice that the 
French had taken post two miles from Town at the cross 
roads, leading to Brewton's with a swamp on their right 
and left, that the rebels were crossing the river with all 
expedition, at the Two Sisters and the Revd. Mr. Zubly's 
ferry. The French batteries were this day destroyed by 
parties sent out for that purpose. 

Wednesday, the 20th, the Militia were discharged; the 
Light Dragoons scoured the country for several miles 
round and brought in some prisoners; a party of Capt. 
McGirth's men came in from the southward, and also 
brought some prisoners. All the French embarked at 
Gaston's Bluff in 100 boats, in which they proceeded to 
Tybee and went on board their ships. From the 21st to 
the 30th, the wind hanging to the eastward, prevented 
the enemy's shipping that had come up the river from 
getting down, Cartels during this time were coming up 
with prisoners. 



Proceedings of the Georgia Council of Safety. 139 

The 31st. The French and rebel vessels got down to 
Cockspur, and on Tuesday, the 2nd November, the whole 
of the enemy's shipping that were at Tybee sailed over 
the bar, and left our port open. 



The loss of the British in the sortie, on the morning 
of the 24:th of September, by every account from de- 
serters, was considerably more than was represented 
above, and that of the French did not exceed eighty- 
four in killed and wounded. The strength of the Ameri- 
can army is also exaggerated, as it never exceeded three 
thousand French and two thousand American effectives. 

The French column, in the attack of the 9th, con- 
sisted of about thirteen hundred men; the American 
column, led by General Mcintosh, one thousand, and 
the Militia, with the South Carolina independent com- 
panies, under Generals Huger and Williamson, six 
hundred. The whole loss of the French and Americans 
on that day was about eight hundred in killed, wounded 
and missing; near a third of the force in the attack — a 
circumstance that fully refutes the reflection contained 
above, in the expression "shamefully retreated." 



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